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28 terms

Social Studies Vobcabulary

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Plateua
a raised area of relatively level land, A large area of flat land elevated high above sea level
Great Rift Valley
a deep gash in Earth's crust that runs through the floor of the Red Sea and across eastern Africa
Sahel
the African region along the southern border of the Sahara
Desertfication
when fertile land turns into desert caused by overgrazing and drought
Drought
long period without rain
Savanna
a flat grassland in tropical or subtropical regions
Nonrenewable Resource
a resource that cannot be replaced or that can be replaced only over millions of years
Renewable Resource
a natural resource that can be restored or, a natural resource that can be replaced
Missionary
someone sent on a mission--especially a religious or charitable mission to a foreign country
Coup d' etat
A sudden overthrow of the government by a small group
OAU
Organization of African Unity, promoted cooperation among members, supported independence and sough peaceful settlements of disputes
Mediate
to help find a peaceful solution
Cataract
a large waterfall
Urbanization
the social process whereby cities grow and societies become more urban
Great Zimbobwe
means stone house... served as political and religious center
Pastoralism
A type of agricultural activity based on nomadic animal husbandry or the raising of livestock to provide food, clothing, and shelter.
Overgrazing
Destruction of vegetation caused by too many grazing animals consuming the plants in a particular area so they cannot recover
Kinship
a close connection marked by community of interests or similarity in nature or character
Veldt
elevated open grassland in southern Africa
African National Congress
An organization dedicated to obtaining equal voting and civil rights for black inhabitants of South Africa. Founded in 1912 as the South African Native National Congress, it changed its name in 1923. Eventually brought equality (809)
Sanction
official permission or approval
Multiparty System
A system in which three or more political parties have the capacity to gain control of government separately or in coalition.
Swahili
the most widely spoken Bantu languages
Coloniallism
is the establishment, maintenance, acquisition and expansion of colonies in one territory by people from another territory
Subsistence Farming
farming that provides for the basic needs of the farmer without surpluses for marketing
Apartheid
a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites
Cash Crop
a readily salable crop that is grown and gathered for the market (as vegetables or cotton or tobacco)
Bantu(Migration)
the movement of the bantu peoples southward throghout africa, spreading their language and culture, from around 500 b.c. to around A.D 1000