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a raised area of relatively level land, A large area of flat land elevated high above sea level

Great Rift Valley

a deep gash in Earth's crust that runs through the floor of the Red Sea and across eastern Africa


the African region along the southern border of the Sahara


when fertile land turns into desert caused by overgrazing and drought


long period without rain


a flat grassland in tropical or subtropical regions

Nonrenewable Resource

a resource that cannot be replaced or that can be replaced only over millions of years

Renewable Resource

a natural resource that can be restored or, a natural resource that can be replaced


someone sent on a mission--especially a religious or charitable mission to a foreign country

Coup d' etat

A sudden overthrow of the government by a small group


Organization of African Unity, promoted cooperation among members, supported independence and sough peaceful settlements of disputes


to help find a peaceful solution


a large waterfall


the social process whereby cities grow and societies become more urban

Great Zimbobwe

means stone house... served as political and religious center


A type of agricultural activity based on nomadic animal husbandry or the raising of livestock to provide food, clothing, and shelter.


Destruction of vegetation caused by too many grazing animals consuming the plants in a particular area so they cannot recover


a close connection marked by community of interests or similarity in nature or character


elevated open grassland in southern Africa

African National Congress

An organization dedicated to obtaining equal voting and civil rights for black inhabitants of South Africa. Founded in 1912 as the South African Native National Congress, it changed its name in 1923. Eventually brought equality (809)


official permission or approval

Multiparty System

A system in which three or more political parties have the capacity to gain control of government separately or in coalition.


the most widely spoken Bantu languages


is the establishment, maintenance, acquisition and expansion of colonies in one territory by people from another territory

Subsistence Farming

farming that provides for the basic needs of the farmer without surpluses for marketing


a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites

Cash Crop

a readily salable crop that is grown and gathered for the market (as vegetables or cotton or tobacco)


the movement of the bantu peoples southward throghout africa, spreading their language and culture, from around 500 b.c. to around A.D 1000

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