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First Amendment

5 freedoms: speech, press, religion, assembly, petition

Second Amendment

Right to bear arms (to protect the people against a government that becomes too powerful)

Third Amendment

No quartering of soldiers

Fourth Amendment

No unreasonable searches and seizures without a warrant; right to privacy

Fifth Amendment

Due process, eminent domain, no double jeopardy, right to remain silent (you can't be forced to testify against yourself) and the right to be tried by a grand jury for a capital offense

Sixth Amendment

Right to a speedy trial

Seventh Amendment

Right to a trial by a jury of your peers; no lawsuits under $20

Eighth Amendment

No cruel and unusual punishment

Ninth Amendment

Any rights not explicitly listed are automatically given to the people. (Meant to appease the Anti-Federalists)

Tenth Amendment

Any powers not explicitly listed are automatically given to the states.

Eleventh Amendment

When states sue other states, it automatically goes before the Supreme Court. Residents of one state cannot sue another state. Another country can't sue the US and vice verse.

Twelfth Amendment

Creates a ticket for the presidency where the president and VP are elected together.

Thirteenth Amendment

Abolishes slavery and gives congress the power to enforce abolition through legislation.

Fourteenth Amendment

Defines citizens as people born in the US and prohibits the states from denying due process and equal protection under the law. Also states that the value of the debt must always be paid and honored, and cannot be questioned. Also excludes women from voting.

Fifteenth Amendment

Voting rights will not be based on race.

Sixteenth Amendment

Establishes an income tax

Seventeenth Amendment

Direct election of senators

Eighteenth Amendment


Nineteenth Amendment

Women's suffrage

Twentieth Amendment

Shortens the lame duck period by moving the presidential inauguration from March to January.

Twenty-First Amendment

Ends prohibition by repealing the 18th amendment

Twenty-Second Amendment

Limits the president to two terms in office

Twenty-Third Amendment

Washington DC is not a state, but gets 3 electoral votes.

Twenty-Fourth Amendment

Outlaws poll taxes

Twenty-Fifth Amendment

Outlines the direct line of succession for the presidency

Twenty-Sixth Amendment

Lowers the voting age to 18

Twenty-Seventh Amendment

Congress can't give itself a pay raise.

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