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21 terms

The French Revolution

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Louis XVI
king of France from 1774 to 1792 (when he was executed)
Marie Antoinette
Was an Archduchess of Austria and the Queen of France and of Navarre executed in the French Revolution
Estate System
System of classes in French society before the revolution.
Estates General
an assembly of representatives from all three of the estates, or social classes, in France
Oath of the Tennis Court
meeting of members of the 3rd estate who promised to meet until they had written a new constitution
Storming the Bastille
occurred in Paris on the morning of 14 July 1789. The medieval fortress and prison in Paris, represented royal authority in the centre of Paris.
Maximillien Robespierre
He largely dominated the Committee of Public Safety and was instrumental in the period of the Revolution commonly known as the Reign of Terror, which ended with his arrest and execution in 1794.
Jean-Paul Marat
Journalist who cause controversy with his words against France's enemies. He was later stabbed and killed in a bath tub by a women
guillotine
is a device used for carrying out executions by decapitation
National Assembly
the first democratic government in France; led by members of the 3rd Estate
Jacobins
Radical republicans during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794.
Girondists
a group of moderates. Felt that the revolution had gone far enough and wanted to protect the wealthy middle class from radical attacks. Organized support to resist strength against the mountain
the Reign of Terror
was a period of violence that occurred after the onset of the French Revolution, incited by conflict between rival political factions, the Girondins and the Jacobins
Napoleon Bonaparte
rose from a relatively obscure position as an officer in the French army to become master of France
Coup d'Etat
a takeover of the government; Napoleon did this to the French government in 1799
Napoleonic Code
Is the French civil code, established under Napoléon I in 1804
Louisiana Purchase
was the acquisition by the United States of America of 828,000 square miles of France's claim to the territory of Louisiana in 1803.
Battle of Trafalgar
an 1805 naval battle in which Napoleon's forces were defeated by a British fleet under the command of Horatio Nelson.
Continental System
Napoleon's efforts to block foreign trade with England by forbidding Importation of British goods Into Europe.
Battle of Waterloo
Napoleon last battle; he lost to combined army and was then exiled to St. Helena
Committe of Public Safety
was to protect the Revolution from its enemies. Under Robespierre's leadership