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system of government where power is divided between national and state government

Legislative Branch

branch of gov. that makes laws
-senate:2 from each state
-House of Rep: depends on pop

Executive Branch

carries out laws
-vice president
-army and navy

Judicial Branch

interprets laws
-constitutional court

Checks and Balances

-powers of 1 branch overlap those of another branch
-ensures equality of all branches

Electoral College

group selected by the states to elect the president and vice president in which each state's # of electors is equal to the # of its senators and reps. in Congress


the official approval of the constitution, or amendment, by the states
-1785: Constitution ratified
-1790:13th state ratifies (RI)


supporters of the Constitution of a strong national gov. that wanted to ratify the Constitution


wanted to add the Bill of Rights before ratifying the Constitution

The Constitution

rules established for the government for the United States

Checks and Balances for the Branches

President checks congress-veto
Congress checks president-override veto
Judicial branch-checks everyone with judicial review

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