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Personality Psychology Chapter 4
Terms in this set (27)
The pattern of situation-behavior links the person has established over experiences in some specific domain.
A theory holding that a vulnerability plus stress creates problems in behavior.
A person who's outgoing and prefers social and exciting activities.
A dimension that underlies a set of interrelated measures, such as items on a self-report inventory.
A statistical procedure used to find basic dimensions underlying a set of measures.
A correlation between a single measure and the factor to which it's being related.
Pertaining to an approach that focuses on an individual person's uniqueness.
The idea that situations and personality interact to determine behavior (situation + personality= behavior).
A person who prefers solitary activities.
An index of the importance of a trait based on the number of words that refer to it.
Pertaining to an approach that focuses on norms and on variations among persons. Everyone can be compared and can be stated on this dimension. (Allows comparisons among people).
A factor that emerges from a factor analysis performed on a set of previously found factors.
The idea that situations are the primary determinants of behavior.
Continuous dimensions of personality on which people vary.
Distinct and discontinuous categories of persons.
Used theoretical approach. Supertraits are extraverts and introverts. Extreme levels.
Interpersonal circle. Ex: agreeableness= love, extraversion= dominance.
Specific traits for specific situations.
More specific traits.
Friendly and warm, don't stand up with individual wants, group cohesiveness
Planning, responsible, purposefully strives towards goals, engage in better health practices, high academic, displays more commitment in their romantic relationships. Can count on, show they care. Not forget deadlines.
Imaginative part of intellect. Have diverse interests, creative, discerning, imaginative, curious, knowledge, perceptive. Willing to try new things. Curious about whatever life throws at them. More open to others who are different than them, have different views.
Extraversion, Neuroticism, Agreeableness, Conscientious, and Openness.
Interpersonal circumplex (circle)
By Wiggins. Argued that basic human traits affect social life. Placed a set of eight models on an interpersonal circle around two core dimensions of interpersonal relations- dominance and love. Wiggins argued that various personalities result from blending of values on the two core dimensions.
Broke people into 4 distinct types: Choleric (irritable), Melancholic (depressed), Sanguine (optimistic), Phlegmatic (calm).
People are either extraverts or introverts.
Us empirical to approach the 16 factors of personalities.
903 expert-verified explanations
Arlene Lacombe, Kathryn Dumper, Rose Spielman, William Jenkins
580 expert-verified explanations
Understanding Psychology, Student Edition
Richard A. Kasschau
811 expert-verified explanations
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
1,024 expert-verified explanations
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