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AP Government Final Exam
Terms in this set (86)
True or False: A bill becomes law when the House and the Senate pass it, and the Supreme Court declares it constitutional
Which of the following is true? According to the Supreme Court's interpretation of the establishment clause, public schools may allow: A non-denominational prayers at the beginning of each school day; B the teaching of creation science; C the literary study of the Bible; D public schools may allow daily, school directed, moments of silence; E teacher directed voluntary prayers at the beginning of the school day
Which of these statements is NOT true? A educated people are more likely to vote than those with less education; B Men are more likely to vote than women; C Middle-aged people are more likely to vote than are younger people; D Politically active people are more likely to vote than those are inactive
Which of these statements is true? In order to vote in the U.S. one must: A be able to read and write; B demonstrate basic knowlege of U.S. government; C legally reside in a voting district; D own property
Which of the following statements is true? Liberals believe that: A funding for programs to help the poor should be increased; B officials should get tougher on the subject of crime and law and order; C Supreme Court justices should not take activist roles in the political process; D textbooks containing disparaging remarks regarding government offices should be censored
A, B, C, D
Of these statements, which of them are true (multiple answers possible)? The Constitution specifically mentions the power of the president: A as commander of the armed forces; B to grant ardons for individuals accused of offenses against the U.S.; C to make treaties and appointments with the advice and consent of the Senate; D to recommend legislation to Congress
Which of the following statements are true? The Constitutional Convention met: A amidst widespread publicity and was nearly sidetracked by criticism from the press; B in complete secrecy in order to prevent disruptions and the rallying of opposition; C to reinforce growing popular support for the successful planning that began at the Annapolis convention
True or False: The House of Representatives appoints justices to the Supreme Court and the Senate approves the appointments.
True or False: The Senate must ratify treaties negotiated by the President before they become law.
True or False: The Supreme Court can overrule the President's policy proposals.
True or False: The Supreme Court can remove members of Congress and Congress can impeach the President.
A, B, C
Of these statements, which of them are true (multiple answers possible)? Under Miranda, suspects must be: A told that they have a constitutional right to remain silent and may stop answering questions at any time; B told that they have a right to have a lawyer present during questioning; C warned that what they say can be used against them in a court of law
True or False: Upper middle class people are more likely to vote than working class people.
House Ways and Means
A proposal to reform the national income tax system would initially be sent to which congressional committee?
order by the Supreme Court to a lower court to send the case record up for review
deciding a case the same way as previous cases
Define: stare decisis
order by court to a government employee to do something
the notion that the judges should find but not make law
Define: judicial restraint
the notion that judges should make law
Define: judicial activism
going to try the case in the Supreme Court
Define: original jurisdiction
only hear appeals from lower courts
Define: appellate jurisdiction
Federal benefits that must be funded by Congress and must be paid to all citizens who meet eligibility criteria are called what?
Federal judges and justices can be removed from office only by what?
How does the sense of political efficacy of United States citizens compare to that of citizens of other democracies
John Marshall, Marbury v. Madison, for every violation of a vested legal right, there must be a legal remedy
Identify the speaker, the case, and the legal principle: "An act of the legislature repugnant to the Constitution is void ... it is emphatically the province of the judicial department to say what the law is."
In recent presidential administrations, the princial staff for the President has been made up of of members of what department of government?
Other than the "elastic clause," which clause in the Constitution has been used most to expand the power of the national government?
Dred Scott v. Sanford
The 14th Amendment was designed to overturn what Supreme Court decision?
Parents or family
The most important role in the political socialization of children is played by whom?
The procedure for formally amending the United States Constitution best illustrates what structural principle of United States government?
The procedure used to end a filibuster in the U.S. Senate is called what?
Spiroagnu and Nixon
The provisions for presidential succession in the 25th Amendment have been used twice. Name those two times. It was ratified in 1967.
The right of members of Congress to send mail to their constituents at the government's expense is known as what?
National and state and local government sharing funding
To what do the terms "fiscal federalism" and "cooperative federalism" refer? [Note that they both refer to the same thing.]
Member of the majority party who's been in the committee the longest
Traditionally the person chosen to be the chairman of a congressional committee (in either house) is who?
Gathering support, winning primary, national convention
What are the steps involved in the electoral process for selecting a party's presidential nominee?
What amendments are allowable, how much time for debate
What are the two most significant powers of the Rules committee of the House of Representatives?
Equality and liberty
What are two basic American values from the Declaration of Independence that are often in conflict?
They're natural, but bad. Can be controlled by the Union depending on its size and structure (of the Union.)
What did James Madison argue about factions in The Federalist No. 10?
from the bureaucracy or interest groups
What do we mean by the "revolving door?"
That it can be 3% up or 3% down from the number
What does a 3% "sampling error" tell us about the results of a public opinion poll?
Enactments and judicial decisions of other states
What does the "full faith and credit" clause of the Constitution require the states to do?
states kept those powers to themselves
powers that the governments naturally have
a power that the national government has under the elastic clause
those things actually written in the constitution
keeping score in contests as far as who's winning
What is meant by the term "horse-race journalism?"
To win elections
What is the core function of political parties?
What is the general trend in presidential approval ratings over the course of a term in office?
What is the most important leadership position in the United States Senate?
What is the most important way in which lobbyists try to influence legislators?
What specific Constitutional provision was the Supreme Court interpreting when deciding whether Congress could establish a national bank in the case of McCulloch v. Maryland?
What was the effect of the 1965 Voting Rights Act on black voter registration in the South?
much stronger national government
What was the most important effect of replacing the Articles of Confederation with the Constitution of 1787?
The Supreme Court will decline to hear the case
When a lower court decision is appealed to the Supreme Court the most likely outcome is what?
Where in the Constitution can we find reference to "equal protection of the laws?"
Which has been prohibited by judicial interpretation, de jure segregation or de facto segregation?
Which house of Congress has unlimited debate time?
The state legislature
Who actually redraws congressional district boundaries every ten years after the decennial census?
More educated people are more likely to be active in politics
Why are delegates to both the Republican and Democratic Conventions much more likely to have college and postgraduate degrees than is the rest of the voting population?
They have more discretion
Why do state and local governments usually prefer block grants to categorical grants or project grants?
The right to keep and bear arms
The right to freedom and speech
The right to freedom of press
The right to freely practice one's religion
The right to peacably assemble
The right to petition the government for a redress of grievances
Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures
The right to an attorney
Freedom from compelled self-incrimination
Freedom from cruel and unusual punishments
Prohibited "seperate but equal" schools
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
Line item veto is unconstitutional
Clinton v. New York
Slaves were not, and could not become citizens
Dred Scott v. Sandford
Broad interpretation of interstate commerce
Gibbons v. Ogden
Right to a taxpayer funded attorney for indigent defendants
Gideon v. Wainwright
Established the "right to privacy"
Griswold v. Connecticut
Any business having customers from other states is engageed in "interstate commerce"
Heart of Atlanta Motel v. U.S.
Legislative veto is unconstitutional
INS v. Chadha
Exclusionary rule established
Mapp v. Ohio
Depictions of sexually explicit acts that lack serious literary, political, artistic, or scientific value are obscene.
Miller v. California
Police must inform criminal suspects of their constitutional rights before questioning suspects after arrest
Miranda v. Arizona
Established the "separate but equal" doctrine
Plessy v. Ferguson
Limitations on freedom of speech during wartime
Schenck v. U.S.
No unqualified presidential immunity from judicial process
United States v. Nixon
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