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10 terms

Unit 5 - Chapter 22

STUDY
PLAY
Francis Xavier
Franciscan missionary who worked in India during the 1540s among outcast and lower caste groups; later worked in Japan.
Robert Di Nobli
Italian Jesuit active in India during the early 1600s; failed in a policy of first converting indigenous elites.
Hongwu
first Ming emperor (1368-1403); drove out the Mongols and restored the position of the scholargentry.
Macao and Canton
the only two ports in Ming China where Europeans were allowed to trade.
Zheng he
Chinese admiral who led seven overseas trade expeditions under Ming emperor Yunglo between 1405 and 1423; demonstrated that the Chinese were capable of major ocean exploration.
Manchus
Jurchen people from region to the northeast of the Chinese empire; seized power and created the Qing dynasty after the collapse of the Ming.
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
general under Nobunaga; succeeded as a leading military power in central Japan; continued efforts to break power of the diamyos; became military master of Japan in 1590; died 1598.
Tokugawa Ieyasu
vassal of Toyotomi Hideyoshi; succeeded him as the most powerful military figure in Japan; granted title of shogun in 1603 and established the Tokugawa shogunate; established political unity in Japan.
Edo
Tokugawa capital, modern-day Tokyo; center of Tokugawa shogunate.
School of National Learning
18th-century ideology that emphasized Japan's unique historical experience and the revival of indigenous culture at the expense of Confucianism and other Chinese influences.