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4 Written questions

4 Multiple choice questions

  1. United States declaration of 1823 that any attempt by a European country to colonize the Americas would be considered an unfriendly act.guano: bird droppings utilized as fertilizer; a major Peruvian export between 1850 and 1880.
  2. belief in the United States that it was destined to rule from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
  3. name of Juárez's liberal revolution.
  4. leaders in independent Latin America who dominated local areas by force in defiance of national policies; sometimes seized the national government.

4 True/False questions

  1. cientificosLatin American politicians who favored strong, centralized national governments with broad powers; often supported by conservative politicians.

          

  2. positivismadvisors to Díaz's government who were influenced strongly by Positivist ideas.

          

  3. federalistsLatin American politicians who favored strong, centralized national governments with broad powers; often supported by conservative politicians.

          

  4. dependency theorythe belief that development and underdevelopment were not stages but were part of the same process; that development and growth of areas like western Europe were achieved at the expense of underdevelopment of dependent regions like Latin America.