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The West - US History
Terms in this set (11)
-had "tribal lands" but individuals didn't own their own property
-no set way to make laws
-Had a chief and a council
spirits from the natural world.
disliked how the trains killed Buffalo
Sand Creek Massacre / Chivington's Massacre
1864 (Colorado) - At Sand Creek, Cheyenne Indians were trying to negotiate a peace treaty in Fort Lyon. Their chief, Black Kettle, approached the fort to make the treaty. In the end, Colonel Chivington's troops killed around 400 Cheyenne Indians (US attacked first)
Gave land to Native Americans for farming instead of reservations. Made Indian children go to school and conform to white culture (assimilation). One big problem with this was they made them cut their hair (meant death in family for Indians).
Battle of Little Big Horn
Gold was discovered on the Sioux Indians' reservation and so they were kicked out. Then, the federal gov, didn't pay annuities towards them and the Sioux rose up. Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull led the Sioux in battle and killed all of George Custer's (Chief Yellow Hair- called by Indians) 7th Calvary
1890 - Massacre of Sioux Indians. "Ghost Dance" which the US Army mistook for preparing for war . The US Army then attacked the Sioux Indians leading to the Massacre of Wounded Knee.
prospecting just below the surface
Most came looking for gold to get rich but then failed
common location to look for gold
-farmers used barbed wire to prevent their herds from roaming (good for farmers bad for cowboys)
-at first people thought ranching would not work b/c the animals died (walked on barbed wire)
- Longhorn was a common animal on ranches b/c it survived
- led to Wild West
Inventor of Barbed Wire
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Misc. Terms (From Quiz)
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