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19 terms

Unit 4, Sec1(AP Human Geog.)

For Mr.PAZ
STUDY
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Political Geography
one of the oldest fields in the discipline of human geography in which geographers use the spatial perspective to study political systems at all geographic scales
Theocracy
state whose government is under the control of a ruler who is deemed to be divinely guided or inder the control of a religious group
Democracies
a type of government in which citizens hold political power either directly and indirectly through representatives
Republic
a government in which citizens elect representatives to rule on their behalf
Constitutional Monarchy
a government in which the rulers power in limited by a constitution and the laws of a nation
Oligarchy
a government run by a few people or small group
Authoritarian/dictatorship
type of government in which an individual or a group holds complete political power
State
a politically organized territory that is administerd by a covering government
Nation
tightly knit group of people possessing bonds of language, ethnicity, etc.
Nation-State
a country whose population possesses a substantial degree of cultural homogeneity and unity
Multinational State
state which contains more than one nation
Stateless NAtion
generally defined as an ethnic group not represented by its own unique state
State's rights
in American politics and constitutional law, states are guaranteed by the 10th Amendment to the US Constitution
Unitary Government
power is cent rally concentrated or no provincial authority where all major decisions are made by the central government
Federalism
form of political organization in which governmental power is divided between central and territorial government
Popular vote
all the votes cast in all the states
Electoral Vote
the decision of a particular state elector that represent the dominant views of the state
Reapportionment( redistricting)
the process of relocation of electoral seats to defines territories
Gerrymandering
redistricting for the advantage or the[ractice of dividing areas into electoral votes districts to give 1 party an electoral majority