Modern World History Chapter 29 Vocabulary

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militarism
the policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war
Triple Alliance
Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry
Kaiser
Wilhelm II
was the Kaiser of Germany at the time of the First World War reigning from 1888-1918. He pushed for a more aggressive foreign policy by means of colonies and a strong navy to compete with Britain. His actions added to the growing tensions in pre-1914 Europe.
Triple Entent
Alliance between UK, Russia and France established 1894, 1904, 1907
Central Powers
in World War I the alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary and other nations allied with them in opposing the Allies
Allies
an alliance of nations joining together to fight a common enemy
Western Front
In WWI, the region of Northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central Powers battled each other.
Schlieffen Plan
germany's plan to march though Belgium and conquer France in order to avoid fighting on two fronts
trench warfare
war from inside trenches enemies would try killing eachother with machine guns and tanks, and poison gas
Eastern Front
In WWI, the region along the German-Russian Border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks.
unrestricted submarine warfare
A policy that the Germans announced on January 1917 which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters
total war
the channeling of a nation's entire resources into a war effort
rationing
a limited portion or allowance of food or goods; limitation of use
propaganda
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
armistice
an agreement to stop fighting
Woodrow Wilson
U.S. President, who led USA into WWI. He proposed the 14 points. He attended the peace conference at Versailles.
Georges Clemenceau
An effective and almost dictator-like leader of France, who would not take defeat as an answer
Fourteen Points
wilson's plan for world peace following world war I
self-determination
the ability of a government to determine their own course of their own free will
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty that ended WW I. It blamed Germany for WW I and handed down harsh punishment.
League of Nations
An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.