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33 terms

SS exam

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Bill of Rights
1st ten amendments of the constitution that protect our individual rights and freedom
Great Compromise
Sherman proposed a two-house legislator. In the lower house, the House of REpresentatives,the number of seats for each state would vary according to the state's population. In the upper house, THe Senate, each state would have two members.
Manifest Destiny
belief that the Us should exist from the Atlantic to the PAcific
Industrial Revolution
the change from an agrarian society to one based on industry
National Road
The first road to connect with the West, built with government funds
Erie Canal
An artificial waterway across centrel New York from Albany to buffulo
land bridge
A strip of land that connects to large land masses.
Jamestown
A town after King JAmes settled by the English colonists. It lacked good farmland, swampy land with mosquitos, many diseases, lack of food, impure water, and conflicts with the Native Americans
Mayflower compact
Formal document, that provided law and order for the PIt was set up for the pilgrams.
French and Indian WAr
War between England and Britain for control of world trade and power on the seas. Some Native Americans fought on the side of the british but most fought for the french. It was also known as the 7 year war.
Great Awakening
The name for the powerful religious revival that swept over the colonies. New Church's were founded during this time.
Boston TEa Party
A group of men disguised as Mohawks boarded the ships dumped British tea into the harbor in protest of a high increase of taxes put on tea.
Boston Massacre
British soldiers panicked when an angry mob of colonists approached them and shot their guns killing 5 people.
American Revolution
The war between the colonists and the British government leading to the formation of the fist 13 colonies
Loyalists
American colonist who remained loyal to britain and opposed the war for independence
Patriots
AMerican colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won
Lexington and Concord
The first military engagements of the American Revolutionary war.
War of 1812
War that resulted from Britain putting economic limitations on the United States
Federalists
supporters of the Constitution that favored 1 strong government and felt that the wealthy should lead the nation
WHere the french and indian war was mainly fought
Ohio VAlley
leader of troops in New orleans
Andrew Jackson
Writer of the star spangled banner during the war of 1812
Francis Scott KEy
What sides the Native Americans were on during the war of 1812
Britains
leaders of the Federalists
HAmilton
AntiFederalists
individuals who opposed ratification of the Constitution
Branches of Government
Executive, Judicial, and Legislative
Executive
the branch of government, headed by the president, that carries out the nation's laws and policies
Judicial
the branch of government, including the federal court ststem that interprets the nation's laws. They can declare a law unconstitutional.
Legislative
the branch of government that makes the nations laws
Constitutional Convention
The meeting of stated delegates in Philadelphia where the US Constitution was made. The meeting included compromise, secret debates, and ratification
Articles of confederation
1st US constitution
Declaration of Independence
A US document used to announce the separation of the American colonies from Britain. RIghts of the Constitution are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Constitution
The formal plan of government of the United States.