AP Government Unit 1
Terms in this set (55)
The formal vehicle through which policies are made and affairs of state are conducted
A system of governement that gives power to the people, whether directly or through elected representatives.
A system of government in which members of the polity meet to discuss all policy decisions and then agree to abide by majority rule.
A system of government that gives citizens the opportunity to vote for representatives who work on their behalf.
A government rooted in the consent of the governed; a representative or indirect democracy.
Freedom from government interference
If there is support from a majority of the voters, something could become a law.
The notion that the ultimate authority in society rests with the people.
Society should be governed by certain ethnical principles that are part of nature, come naturaly.
set of values and beliefs about the purpose of the government held by groups and individuals
Favor limited government intervention.
Favor great government intervention.
A person who takes a relatively middle view on most political issues.
Someone who believes in limited government interference.
The study of how policy decsions are made.
commonly shared attitudes, beliefs, and core values about how government should operate.
Social Contract theory
Second Continental Congress
Meeting in Philadelphia May 10, 1775. An army should be made and George Washington is commander in chief
Declaration of Independence
Proclaimed seperation from Great Britain
Articles of Confederation
Loose league of friendship, National government drawing its powers from the states
Angry farmers rebeled and marched to Springfield, Massachusetts, and forced the state court from foreclosing their farms.
A document establishing the structure, functions, and limitations of a government.
First general plan. Bicameral legislature, executive and judiciary chosen by national legislature.
New Jersey Plan
One house legislature with one vote for each state, a congress with the ability to raise revenue, and a supreme court with members appointend for life.
Final decision of the constitutional convention. create two house legislature, lower house elected by the people and with powers divided between the two houses. National law supreme.
Each slave was to be counted as 3/5 of a person. This was to determine population of representation in the House of Representatives.
seperation of powers
Dividing powers up between the 3 branches of government.
checks and balances
gives each branch of government a way to check and balance the powers of eachother
System of government in which the national government and state governments share power.
powers of the national government specifically granted to congress.
necessary and proper clause
final paragraph of Article 1 section 8, gives congress the authority to pass all laws necessary and proper to carry out the enumerated powers.
a power that is not stated, but is implied in the constitution
Mandating that national law is supreme to all other laws passed by the states or any other sub division of government.
people who favored a strong national government. Later became the first political party.
people who favored a strong state government and a weak national government. Opposed ratification of the US constitution
The Federalists Papers
A series of 85 political essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay in support of the ratification of the US constitution.
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments, largely guarantee specific rights and liberties
the right that saves a person from illegal imprisionment
Powers of the national government specifically granted to congress
a power that is not specifically stated but is implied
Powers not delegated to the national government are reserved to the states or the people.
powers reserved to the states by the 10th amendment.
powers shared by the national and state government.
bill of attainder
a law declaring an act illegal without a judicial trial.
ex post facto law
law that makes an act punishable as a crime even if the action was legal when commited.
contracts between states that carry the force of law
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Court upheld the power of the national government and denied the right of a state to tax federal bank. Supremecy clause. Broad interpretation of the necessary and proper clause.
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Supreme court upheld broad congressional power to regulate interstate commerce.
seperate and equally powerful levels of government. Layer cake federalism
Intertwined relationship between national, state, and local governments. Marble cake.
grant that appropriates federal funds to states for a specific purpose
a large grant given to a state by the federal government with only general spending guidelines
a concept that allows the national government to override state or local actions in certain policy areas.
the division of power between national and state governments
national laws that make states or local governments follow government rules and regulations