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Ivan III (the Great)
Prince of the Duchy of Moscow; responsible for the freeing Russia from the Mongols
Ivan IV (the Terrible)
confirmed power of the tsarist autocracy by attacking the authority of boyars; continued policy of expansion
conservative Russians who refused to accept the ecclesiastical reforms of Alexis Romanov
Peter I (the Great)
tsar from 1689 to 1725; continued growth of absolutism and conquest; sought to change selected aspects
Time of Troubles
early 17th century period of the boyar efforts to regain power and foreign invasion following the death without an heir of Ivan IV
son and successor of Humayn; built up the military and administrative structure of the dynasty
Abbas I, the Great
Safavid shah (1587-1629); extended the empire to its greatest extent; used Western military technology
an important battle between the Safavids and the Ottomans in 1514; Ottoman victory demonstrated the importance of firearms
conscripted youths from conquered regions who were trained as Ottoman infantry divisions
trading stations with resident merchants established by the Portuguese and other Europeans
movement inland during the 1830s of the Dutch-ancestry settlers in South Africa seeking to escape their British colonial government
a unit in the complex exchange system of the West African trade; based on the value of an adult male slave
descendants of 18th century runaway slaves who found permanent refuge in the rainforests
British reformer who led the abolitionist movement that ended the British slave trade
first Ming emperor (1368-1403); drove out the Mongols and resotred the position of scholar-gentry
Jurchen people from region to the morthast of the Chinese empire; seized power and created the Qing dynasty
Robert Di Nobli
Italian Jesuit active in India during the early 1600s; failed in a policy of first converting indigenous elites
School of National Learning
18th century idealogy that emphasized Japan's unique historical experience and the revival of indigenous culture
vassal of Toyotomi Hideyoshi; succeeded him as the most powerful military figure in Japan
general under Nobunaga; succeeded as a leading military power in central Japan; continued efforts to break power of the daiymos
Franciscan missionary who worked in India during the 1540s among outcast and lower caste groups
historical argument that the development of the US was largely individualistic
intensification of all the processes of productuib at a single site during the Industrial Revolution
political idealogy that flourished in the 19th century western Europe; stressed limited state interference in private life
workers in Britain who responded to the replacement of their labor by machines during the Industrial Revolution
German socialist who saw history as a class struggle between groups out of power and those controlling the means of production
followers of a 19th century western European political emphasis: advocated broader voting rights than liberals, urged reforms
socialist thought that disagreed with Marx's formulation; believed that social and economic progress could be achieved
political idealogy in 19th century Europe; attacked private property in the name of equality
issues relating to workers and women, in western Europe during the Industrial Revoliton
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