HLT-101 Ch. 8 Terms
Terms in this set (41)
A chronic, progressive disease of brain reward, motivation, memory, and related circuitry characterized by uncontrollable craving for a substance or behavior despite both negative consequences and diminishment or loss of pleasure associated with the activity.
A form of addiction involving a compulsion to engage in an activity such as gambling, sex, or shopping rather than a compulsion to use a substance.
A chemical substance that alters the body physically or mentally for a non-nutritional purpose.
Capable of altering feelings, mood, perceptions, or psychological functioning.
The inappropriate use of a legal drug, either for a reason for which it was not medically intended, or by a person without a prescription.
The use (most often the excessive use) of any legal or illegal drug in a way that is detrimental to your health.
To cause physical and psychological changes as a result of the consumption of psychoactive substances.
A feeling of intense pleasure.
Reduced sensitivity to a drug so the increased amounts are needed to achieve the usual effect.
A mental attachment to a drug.
The physical need for a drug.
Physical symptoms that develop when a person stops using a drug.
The dosage level at which a drug becomes poisonous to the body.
Drugs derived from opium or synthetic drugs that have similar sleep-inducing, pain-reducing effects.
The most commonly used illegal drug i the United States; derived from the plant Cannabis Sativa.
A class of drugs that stimulate the central nervous system, causing acceleration of mental and physical processes in the body.
A widely used stimulant found in coffee, tea, soft drinks, chocolate, and some medicines.
A potent and addictive stimulant derived from leaves of the coca shrub.
Central nervous system stimulants that are chemically similar to the natural stimulants adrenaline and noradrenaline.
A highly addictive and dangerous stimulant that is chemically similar to amphetamine, but more potent and harmful.
Drugs that alter perception and are capable of causing auditory and visual hallucinations.
LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide)
A powerful hallucinogen manufactured from lysergic acid, a substance found in a fungus that grows on rye and other grains.
A dangerous synthetic hallucinogen that reduces and distorts sensory input and can unpredictably cause both euphoria and dysphoria.
A medication that distorts perceptions of sight and sound and produces feelings of detachment from the environment and self.
A hallucinogenic substance obtained from certain types of mushrooms that are indigenous to tropical regions of South America.
Illicit substances, including MDMA (ecstasy), GHB, and ketamine that are most commonly encountered at nightclubs and raves.
A synthetic drug, commonly called "ecstasy," that works as both a stimulant and a hallucinogen.
GHB (gamma-hydroxybutyric acid)
A central nervous system depressant known as a "date rape drug" because of its use to impair potential victims of sexual assault.
A powerful sedative known as a "date rape drug" because of its use to impair potential victims of sexual assault.
An anesthetic that can cause hallucinations and a dreamlike state; commonly known as "special K."
Chemical vapors that, when inhaled, produce mind-altering effects.
Substances that depress the activity of the central nervous system and include barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and alcohol.
A type of central nervous system depressant often prescribed to induce sleep.
Medications commonly prescribed to treat anxiety and panic attacks.
The most widely abused of opioids; typically sold as a white or brown powder or as a sticky black substance known as "black star heroin."
When a friend of family member is part of a pattern that may perpetuate behaviors that sustain addiction.
People who protect addicts from the negative consequences of their behavior.
Addiction recovery self-help programs based on the principles of Alcoholics Anonymous.
A person who abused more than one drug.
Hormones that act as neurotransmitters and bind to opiate receptors, stimulating pleasure and relieving pain.
A technique used by family and friends of an addict to encourage the addict to seek help for a drug problem.