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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Why research methods are necessary in psychology
  2. Brain function in CNS
  3. Behaviorism
  4. Self-Report
  5. Nature vs. Nurture
  1. a The brain plays a central role in the control of most bodily functions, including awareness, movements, sensations, thoughts, speech, and memory. Some reflex movements can occur via spinal cord pathways without the participation of brain structures.
  2. b The debate centers on the relative contributions of genetic inheritance and environmental factors to human development. Some philosophers such as Plato and Descartes suggested that certain things are inborn, or that they simply occur naturally regardless of environmental influences. Other well-known thinkers such as John Locke believed in what is known as tabula rasa, which suggests that the mind begins as a blank slate. According to this notion, everything that we are and all of our knowledge is determined by our experience.
  3. c an approach that advocates that psychologists restrict themselves to the scientific study of objectively observable behavior
  4. d Used in personality tests and can be administered in a computer or pen-and-paper format. Typically test-takers are presented with a number of questions or statements and are then asked to select the response that best describes them. These inventories are popular because they allow researchers to collect a great deal of information quickly and easily (surveys)
  5. e Answer to basic questions:What do people do and why they do it

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. transmits information to other neurons, muscles, or glands
  2. (a blank slate) Aristotle believed that the child's mind was a blank slate on which experiences were written, argued for philosophical empiricism, which holds that all knowledge is acquired through experience
  3. Can be time consuming and expensive, does not allow for scientific control of variables, experimenters cannot control extraneous variables, subjects may be aware of the observer and may act differently as a result
  4. The purpose of this study was to test the central claim of astrology; The results were clear-cut. Six expert astrologers failed to do significantly better than chance or than a non-astrologer control subject at matching birth information to the corresponding case materials for 23 individuals. The as- trologers and control subject also did no better at the matching task than ten judges who attempted to rank order the ages of the 23 test cases solely on the basis of photographs. Astrologers' predictive accuracy was unrelated to their level of confidence in their predictions. Furthermore, there was little or no predictive agreement among the astrologers, even though the astrologers purported to be using the same system and methods to arrive at their predic- tions. Overall, the astrologers probably could have done just as well if they had matched the birth information with the case materials in a random manner
  5. set of claims that seems scientific, but isn't, lack safeguard against confirmation bias as a belief perseverance, must be reproducible

5 True/False questions

  1. Humanistic Psychologya psychological approach that emphasizes that we often perceive the whole rather than the sum of its parts


  2. types of heuristicsmental shortcuts; anything we engage in to conserve cognitive energy, Pro: efficient Con: Tendency to oversimplify reality-ex: stereotypes


  3. Hindbrainarea of the brain that coordinates information coming into and out of the spinal cord


  4. Naïve realismthe philosophical view that certain kinds of knowledge are innate or inborn


  5. Neuronscells in the nervous system that communicate with one another to perform information-processing tasks