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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Sympathetic Division
  2. ethics in psychology
  3. Tabula rasa
  4. Free will vs. Determinism
  5. Evolutionary psychology
  1. a A set of nerves that prepares the body for action in threatening situations; dilates pupils, relaxes bronchi, accelerates heartbeat, inhibits digestive activity, stimulates glucose release and secretion of epinephrine/norepinephrine, relaxes bladder, stimulates ejaculation in male.
  2. b (a blank slate) Aristotle believed that the child's mind was a blank slate on which experiences were written, argued for philosophical empiricism, which holds that all knowledge is acquired through experience
  3. c approach that explains mind and behavior in terms of the adaptive value of abilities that are preserved overtime by natural selection
  4. d Some people believe that humans have the capacity for free will - the ability to choose their actions without being forced to follow a certain course by either by the influence of others or by natural laws
  5. e Respecting people, animals and the truth:

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. A region of the cerebral cortex that processes visual information
  2. subfield of psychology that studies the causes and consequences of interpersonal behavior
  3. technique for choosing participants that ensures that every member of a population has an equal chance of being included in the sample
  4. the variable that is measured in a study
  5. the philosophical view that certain kinds of knowledge are innate or inborn

5 True/False questions

  1. Results of Carlson (1985)The purpose of this study was to test the central claim of astrology; The results were clear-cut. Six expert astrologers failed to do significantly better than chance or than a non-astrologer control subject at matching birth information to the corresponding case materials for 23 individuals. The as- trologers and control subject also did no better at the matching task than ten judges who attempted to rank order the ages of the 23 test cases solely on the basis of photographs. Astrologers' predictive accuracy was unrelated to their level of confidence in their predictions. Furthermore, there was little or no predictive agreement among the astrologers, even though the astrologers purported to be using the same system and methods to arrive at their predic- tions. Overall, the astrologers probably could have done just as well if they had matched the birth information with the case materials in a random manner

          

  2. Midbrainsits on top of the hindbrain, relatively small in humans, is important for orientation and movement

          

  3. Random assignmenta procedure that uses random event to assign people to the experimental or control group

          

  4. Evolutionary psychologya psychological approach that explains mind and behavior in terms of the adaptive value of abilities that are preserved over time by natural selection

          

  5. Archival Researcha region of the cerebral cortex whose functions include processing information about touch