5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Homestead Act
- Annexation of Hawaii
- Spanish American War
- Benevolent Assimilation
- Teller Amendment
- a War fought between the US and Spain in 1898 in Cuba and the Philippines. The US went into the war to help Cuba fight for independence. It lasted less than 3 months and resulted in Cuba's independence as well as the US annexing Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. It can also be called the "Splendid Little War". The US received recognition from Europe and Spain began to fight in the side of the US.
- b April 1896 - U.S. declared Cuba free from Spain, but the Teller Amendment disclaimed any American intention to annex Cuba.
- c McKinley and the U.S. were trying to assimilate the Philippines to help them become better. American dollars went to the Philippines to improve roads, sanitation, and public health. Although the U.S. might have looked intrusive, they were actually trying to improve the condition of the Philippines.
- d U.S. wanted Hawaii for business and so Hawaiian sugar could be sold in the U.S. duty free, Queen Liliuokalani opposed so Sanford B. Dole overthrew her in 1893, William McKinley convinced Congress to annex Hawaii in 1898.
- e Law passed in 1862 that gave 160 acres of western land to those willing to settle in the west - along with the building of the transcontinental railroad a key factor in developing the frontier. One problem with the Homestead Act was that it was inadequate for farming in the rain-scarce Great Plains.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Theory that when hard times came, the unemployed could migrate west and be prosperous farmers.
Induced urban employers to maintain high wage rates. (Denver, Chicago, St.Louis)
- Natural Disasters when farming. They were heavily taxed because they couldn't hide their assets. Farmer's wanted silver for debt to create inflation.
- A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
- the leader of the Nez Perce tribe that killed white settlers on the way to reservations because they were mad that the government was taking their land, "I will fight no more forever".
- One of the causes of the Spanish-American War (1898) - this was when newspaper publishers like Hearst and Pulitzer sensationalized news events (like the sinking of the Maine) to anger American public towards Spain.
5 True/False questions
Election of 1896 → Republican William McKinley defeated Democrat William Jennings Bryan in 1896. Bryan was the nominee of the Democrats, the Populist Party, and the Silver Republicans.Economic issues, including bimetallism, the gold standard, Free Silver, and the tariff, were crucial.
Panama Canal → (TR) , The United States built the Panama Canal to have a quicker passage to the Pacific from the Atlantic and vice versa. It cost $400,000,000 to build. Columbians would not let Americans build the canal, but then with the assistance of the United States a Panamanian Revolution occurred. The new ruling people allowed the United States to build the canal., Hay-Herran Treaty: Secretary of State John Hay pressured Colombian diplomat Tomas Herran to sign an agreement allowing U.S. to build a canal through Panama from which Columbia would receive big $ but was rejected by Colombian Senate. TR supported a rebellion in Panama (organized & financed by Philippe Bunau-Varilla) and recognized Panama as an independent nation.
Internationalism → abstention from alliances and other international political and economic relations.
Roosevelt Corollary → (TR) , Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force, first put into effect in Dominican Republic.
Dawes Severalty Act → Law passed in 1862 that gave 160 acres of western land to those willing to settle in the west - along with the building of the transcontinental railroad a key factor in developing the frontier. One problem with the Homestead Act was that it was inadequate for farming in the rain-scarce Great Plains.