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Unit 10 - Traditional Energy Use & Impacts
(of a chemical reaction or compound) occurring or formed with absorption of heat
(of a chemical reaction or compound) occurring or formed with evolution of heat
a unit of power equal to 1 joule per second
energy stored due to an object's position or arrangement
the energy an object has due to its motion
unit of heat defined as the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree centigrade at atmospheric pressure
a unit of energy equal to the work done by a power of 1000 watts operating for one hour
a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
Geologic deposits composed of sand and shale particles coated with bitumen, a viscous mixture of long-chain hydrocarbons.
A process of petroleum refining, by which a chemical mixture such as petroleum is separated into its components depending on the different boiling points of components.
The percentage of energy put into a system that does useful work
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
1st Law of Thermodynamics
The principle of conservation of energy. Energy can be transferred and transformed, but it cannot be created or destroyed.
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
whenever energy is converted from one form to another form some energy is lost as heat
british thermal unit
fuel consisting of the remains of organisms preserved in rocks in the earth's crust with high carbon and hydrogen content
a soft, fine-grained sedimentary rock from which oil and natural gas are obtained
fossil fuel formed from marine organisms that is often found in tilted or folded rock layers and is used for heating and cooking
the process of removing impurities (as from oil or metals or sugar etc.)
A material or system that exchanges heat from one system or material to another.
An electricity generator that is activated when the price of electricity from the grid reaches a certain level in order to save money
a unit of electrical energy equal to the work done when a current of one ampere passes through a resistance of one ohm for one second
a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work
a unit of power equal to 1000 watts
the transformation from an agricultural to an industrial nation
fossil fuel consisting of carbonized vegetable matter deposited in the Carboniferous period
Small bubbles or individual molecules of methane (natural gas) trapped in a crystalline matrix of frozen water.
using waste heat to make electricity
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge - the largest refuge in the U.S. covering nearly 20 million acres in northeastern Alaska.
an electrical generating station