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unit of heat defined as the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree centigrade at atmospheric pressure
a unit of energy equal to the work done by a power of 1000 watts operating for one hour
Geologic deposits composed of sand and shale particles coated with bitumen, a viscous mixture of long-chain hydrocarbons.
A process of petroleum refining, by which a chemical mixture such as petroleum is separated into its components depending on the different boiling points of components.
1st Law of Thermodynamics
The principle of conservation of energy. Energy can be transferred and transformed, but it cannot be created or destroyed.
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
whenever energy is converted from one form to another form some energy is lost as heat
fuel consisting of the remains of organisms preserved in rocks in the earth's crust with high carbon and hydrogen content
fossil fuel formed from marine organisms that is often found in tilted or folded rock layers and is used for heating and cooking
An electricity generator that is activated when the price of electricity from the grid reaches a certain level in order to save money
a unit of electrical energy equal to the work done when a current of one ampere passes through a resistance of one ohm for one second
a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work
Small bubbles or individual molecules of methane (natural gas) trapped in a crystalline matrix of frozen water.
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge - the largest refuge in the U.S. covering nearly 20 million acres in northeastern Alaska.
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