Improved Portugeuse ship
"Compass of the stars" improved navigation
Prince Henry the Navigator
Brother of the king of Portugal, organized expeditions for trade to the south
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese navigator, opened trade to India
Portuguese navigator, first person to reach South Africa
Italian/Portuguese navigator, reached Brazil, America named after him
Land of gold, lots of Arab trade, began salt and slave trade with Arabia, taken over by Mali
Took over Ghana, Islamic kingdom, incredibly rich, taken over by Songhai Empire
Largest African empire, took over Mali
Emperor of Mali, made first African Hajj
Traded with Portuguese and Dutch
Emperor of Congo
Trade between the Americas, Europe and Africa
Slaves taken from Africa to the Americas
Central America, tropical climate, polytheistic, math
Peru, no outside contact, no currency or private property, lots of mining
Mexico, polytheistic, never peaceful
Attempted to conquer the Americas and spread Christianity
Famous conquistador, conquered Aztec Empire
People of European blood born in the Americas
Chinese emperor during the Manchu Dynasty, opened outside relations
Very cultured, invented gunpowder, compass, accepted Jesuits, combined Christianity and Confucianism
Japanese social hierarchy; shoguns exercising powers on emperor's behalf (not like powerful feudal lords)
East India Companies
Created by France, India fought over between England and France, India never able to maintain control before being conquered again
Treaty of Tordesilla
Spain and Portugal fought over South America, Pope creates "line of demarcation"
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