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26 terms

Unit 6: Exploration and Expansion

STUDY
PLAY
caravel
Improved Portugeuse ship
compass
Improved navigation
astroglobe
"Compass of the stars" improved navigation
Prince Henry the Navigator
Brother of the king of Portugal, organized expeditions for trade to the south
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese navigator, opened trade to India
Bartolomeu Diaz
Portuguese navigator, first person to reach South Africa
Amerigo Vespucci
Italian/Portuguese navigator, reached Brazil, America named after him
Ghana
Land of gold, lots of Arab trade, began salt and slave trade with Arabia, taken over by Mali
Mali
Took over Ghana, Islamic kingdom, incredibly rich, taken over by Songhai Empire
Songhai
Largest African empire, took over Mali
Mansa Musa
Emperor of Mali, made first African Hajj
Congo
Traded with Portuguese and Dutch
Alfonso I
Emperor of Congo
triangular trade
Trade between the Americas, Europe and Africa
Middle Passage
Slaves taken from Africa to the Americas
Maya
Central America, tropical climate, polytheistic, math
Inca
Peru, no outside contact, no currency or private property, lots of mining
Aztec
Mexico, polytheistic, never peaceful
conquistadores
Attempted to conquer the Americas and spread Christianity
Hernán Cortés
Famous conquistador, conquered Aztec Empire
creole
People of European blood born in the Americas
K'ang-hsi
Chinese emperor during the Manchu Dynasty, opened outside relations
Manchu Dynasty
Very cultured, invented gunpowder, compass, accepted Jesuits, combined Christianity and Confucianism
bakufu
Japanese social hierarchy; shoguns exercising powers on emperor's behalf (not like powerful feudal lords)
East India Companies
Created by France, India fought over between England and France, India never able to maintain control before being conquered again
Treaty of Tordesilla
Spain and Portugal fought over South America, Pope creates "line of demarcation"