22 terms

Early Civilizations of the Americas

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maize
A crop grown by the Maya
palenque
Mayan city where King Pacal built a his temple
observatories
buildings from which people could study the sky
Atahualpa
Inca leader who was captured by the Spanish
Tenochtitlán
A great city built on an island in Lake Texcoco
causeways
Raised roads across water or wet ground
conquistadors
A group of Spanish soldiers
Cuzco
Inca capital
Quechua
Official Incan language
masonry
Another word for stonework
chinampas
Floating gardens built by the Aztecs
Pizarro
Lead of the Spanish invasion of Inca lands
Moctezuma II
Last Aztec emperor
Cortes
Leader of the Spanish invasion of Aztec lands.
Moctezuma thought he was a god.
rebel
To fight against authority
llamas
Raised by the Inca for wool and meat
Pachacuti
An early emperor who expanded and increased Incan power
obsidian
Tools were made of this in order to cut limestone
Machu Picchu
A royal retreat in the Andes
quipus
Knotted cords used by Incas to keep records
The mita
An Incan labor tax system
tribute
A payment to a more powerful ruler or country
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