Geology Midterm #1


Terms in this set (...)

Percent of Earths surface covered in water
Developed hypothesis of continental drift
Alfred Wegener
Components of culture are artifacts, social institutions and...
Koppen-Geiger drier climates are under
the letter B
Three largest populations on a single landmass
Worlds population
7billion total and 11billion in 2050
Earth rotates to the
The islands of the Caribbean Sea belong
to the
Middle America realm.
Where geographic realms meet
transition zones,
.....forces tie a nation together.
A map with the fractional scale
1:250,000,000 has a ______scale than
one with a scale of 1:1,000,000.
The area surround an urban center is its
At the height of the Pleistocene
Glaciations, glacial ice extended as far
south as the
Ohio River
Culture refers to patterns of
learned behavior
Nearly all of the world's richest
countries lie in the
__________ happens when
people move and take their culture to a
new location.
Relocation Diffusion
United Kingdom consists of ____
Northern Ireland, England, Wales,
and Scotland.
The European Union in 2014 contains
_______ than it did when
founded in 1957.
More member states
the Ruhr is not located in Paris Basin. It is in the
Germany, near the Rhine
The three largest Nordic countries all
have their major concentrations of
population in the
southern part of
their land area.
one of the
principals of spatial interaction is NOT
Expansion diffusion
the process whereby
regions within a state demand and gain
political strength and growing
autonomy at the expense of the central
Most populous country in the Europe Realm
Wide plain that runs from western France to Poland
North European Lowland
The "Balkamization" of a region implies
its political breakup
A characteristic feature of
Mediterranean Europe is the region's
___________________ especially
on the Spanish Meseta.
absence of natural forests
____________ is NOT one of the
Four Motors of Europe
Tirana, Albania
The lowest income part of Italy is the
The largest economy in Europe is
Members of the European Union
Poland, the Czech Republic and
Hungary are
The Industrial Revolution began in
The country in the Europe Realm with
the largest area is
The Iberian Peninsula is where ______ can be found
is used to
describe an inland climate that is remote
from the moderating influences of large
water bodies.
refers to the range of
conditions experienced over a long
The southern border of Russia is about
50 degree N
the name of the
industrial region along the Volga
Largest unbroken lowland in the world
West Siberian Plain
Murmansk, St. Petersburg, Vladivostok,
and Kaliningrad are important Russian
seaports, but
Moscow is not a seaport
The Ural Mountains may be described
rich in mineral resources
Russia's economy is highly dependent on its exports of
oil and natural gas
Lake Baikal in Russia is notable for being so
In the past ten years Russia's population has
During World War II, Soviet dictator
Josef Stalin ordered the entire
population of _______ exiled to the
desert of Kazakhstan.
Lenin's Tomb, the Kremlin, and
St. Basil's Cathedral are in central
Moscow, but the
the Winter Palace is in
St. Petersburg.
The term "_______" is closely associated with taiga
Coniferous trees
In 2006 Azerbaijan began exporting oil
to world markets via a pipeline through
In the 16th Century, ________________ transformed Russia into a
major military power and imperial state.
Czar Ivan IV (the
The huge size of Russia leads to
decreased interactions among its farflung
population, which geographers
cite as an example of
distance decay
Russia's population density is greatest
in the ________part of the country.
_______is the Canadian province that
contains the majority of Frenchspeaking
The largest city in French-speaking
Canada is
The population of Canada is about the
same as
The two major language groups in
Canada are
English and French.
__________ but not Wisconsin, Texas or
Pennsylvania, contains territory located
in the Intermontane Basin and Plateau
physiographic province. but not Wisconsin, Texas or
Pennsylvania, contains territory located
in the Intermontane Basin and Plateau
physiographic province.
The major mountain chain in the eastern
United States is the ________
. About ___% of US territory still remains
in the hands of Native American
. The first European settlement in what is
now the United States was at
St. Augustine, Florida.
. The Great Lakes' main outlet to the sea
is the
St. Lawrence River.
From 1790 until 2010, the center of US
population has moved from _______
to Missouri.
Humid America is generally considered
to be ___________
east of 100° W longitude.
The dryness in the western half of the
US is largely due to the
rain shadow
. The recently created political unit of
_________ is populated and governed by
indigenous "First Nations" people.
The ______ religious denomination is
predominant at location X, below.
Baptist (lower south area... not florida)
In 1980, the geographic form of the
American city was most strongly
shaped by the
The primary migration "pull factor" for
the US is
economic opportunity.
Ethnic concentrations in the US include
Asians and the Pacific Coast, Native
Americans and the West, Blacks and
Mississippi, but NOT
Hispanics and
South Dakota
Haiti was once a colony of
A narrow strip of land connecting two
larger land bodies is known as an
The core area of the Aztec state was
located in the
Valley of Mexico.
that import capital and skills and
usually produce only one crop for
Plantations are efficient operations
_______________initiated the decline of
the Aztec civilization, not the Mayan
Hernan Cortez
The term applied to persons of mixed
white and Amerindian ancestry is
The "Switzerland of Central America,"
the region's only truly democratic
republic, is
Costa Rica.
Panama was part of _________ before
its 1903 US-supported revolution
achieved independence.
Communal land ownership in Mexico is
by organizations called
A _________is a foreign owned
factory in northern Mexico that
assembles duty-free goods.
Cuba, on the largest Caribbean island,
became independent in the 20th Century,
____________________ and has
a cigar industry that is important.
officially encourages tourism,
The principal language of Cuba is
The _________ elevation zone is
typically used for dairying and growing
barley and potatoes, according to
altitudinal zonation
tierra fria
The Maya language is still spoken today
in the
Yucatán and Guatemala
. The nationality of citizens of Curaçao is
A devastating _________ struck Portau-Prince,
Haiti on January 10, 2010.
Bolivia, Ecuador, and Colombia are
partially inside the Amazon Basin, but
Paraguay is entirely outside it.
The climate of Central Chile is
South America's largest city in
population is
São Paulo.
__________ population remains
concentrated on its periphery,
although many interior locations are
growing rapidly.
South America's
The world's largest wetland is the
Pantanal de Mato Grosso.
. In the European-Commercial Region
85 percent of the population is pure
Patagonia lies in both
Argentina and
Major reasons for bringing Africans as
slaves to Brazil include its plantation
economy, small Amerindian population,
and the low cost of slave labor.
Africans had no experience in sugar
cane production.
The Treaty of Tordesillas of 1494
stipulated that a boundary was to be
drawn separating newly "discovered"
territories of
Spain and Portugal.
The ______ Current is a cool offshore
ocean current conducive to commercial
fishing that flows parallel to the
Peruvian coastline.
. In the Latin American city model, the
elite residential sector contains the
commercial/industrial spine.
____________ are coffee plantations.
The poorest area of Brazil is the
The major Brazilian city located on the
Amazon River is
Venezuela's Lake Maracaibo is famous
its oil deposits
Angel Falls is located in the same
country as
the Orinoco River.
The world's driest desert, the Atacama,
is located in
northern Chile.