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50 terms

Med Term 5

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thrombus
A blood clot that obstructs a vessel
arteriosclerosis
A disease characterized by an abnormal hardening of the arteries.
heart failure
A fatal condition in which the heart cannot pump adequate amounts of blood to tissue and organs.
bundle of HIS
After the electrical impulse of the heart passes through the AV node, it travels next to the
third-degree
AV heart block whereby no electrical impulses reach the ventricles
angina
Chest pain associated with coronary artery disease
IVC-inferior ventricular contractions
Abbreviation not matched correctly with its meaning
MVP
Condition in which leaflets of mitral valve prolapse into the left atrium during systole
myocardium
Coronary arteries supply blood to the
Holter monitor test
ECG taken with a small portable recorder capable of storing information up to 24 hours.
varicose veins
Having incompetent valves in veins may result in
2
How many flaps are present in bicuspid valve
embolus
Refers to a mass of undissolved matter lodged in a blood vessel.
ischemia
Decreased supply of oxygenated blood to a body part.
phlebectony
Incision of a vein to withdraw blood.
aneurysm
Localized dilation of a blood vessel wall that introduces the risk of rupture.
SA node, AV node, AV bundle, Purkinje fibers
Structures through which conduction impulses pass, in sequential order, causing the heart to contract.
thrombectomy
Removal of a clot.
right ventricle
The interventricular septum separated the left ventricle from the
lymphangioma
Medical term for a tumor composed of lymph vessels
right atrium
SA node is located in the
head and arms
The superior vena cava receives blood from the
pericardium
The term that refers to the fibrous sac that surrounds and encloses the entire heart
right atrium and right ventricle
The tricuspid valve is located between which two chambers of the heart?
phagocytes
Cells that engulf and digest cellular debris.
pulmonary artery
The blood vessel carries oxygen-poor blood from the heart to the lungs.
right atrium
The chamber of the heart that first receives deoxygenated blood via two large veins.
aorta
The largest blood vessel in the body and also the main trunk of systemic circulation.
agglutination
The process of cells clumping together.
rheumatic heart disease
The streptococcal infection that causes damage to the heart valves and the heart muscles.
mononucleosis
Acute infection causes by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) characterized by a sore throat, fever, fatigue, and enlarged lymph nodes.
thrombolytic therapy
Administration of drugs to dissolve a blood clot(s)
bruit
Soft, blowing sound heard on auscultation; murmur
angioplasty
Any endovascular procedure that reopens narrowed blood vessels and restores forward blood flow.
ather/o
fatty plaque
scler/o
hardening; sclera (white of eye)
cardi/o
heart
immun/o
immune, immunity, safe
lymphaden/o
lymph gland (node)
lymphangi/o
lymph vessel
myocardium
refers to the muscular layer of the heart.
systole
refers to the contraction phase of the heart.
malaise
means a vague feeling of bodily discomfort, which may be the first indication of an infection or disease.
angina pectoris
Severs pain and constriction about the heart caused by an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood.
MI (myocardial infarction)
Necrosis of an area of muscular heart tissue after cessation of blood supply.
agglutination
A process of cells clumping together.
anaphylaxis
An allergic reaction characterized by a rapid decrease in blood pressure.
capillaries (capillary)
The smallest vessels of the circulatory system.
hemangioma
A tumor composed of blood vessels.
arterioles
Small arteries.