41 terms

Elements of Music Quiz

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rhythm, melody, harmony, texture, timbre, dynamics, form
7 elements of music
rhythm
element of time in music
duration, tempo, meter
3 aspects of rhythm
duration
how long a sound lasts; represented in elliptical note heads
tempo
speed of the beat
meter
the way beats are organized into recognizable and recurring patterns
melody
horizontal aspect of pitch; succession of pitches moving through time
pitch
highness or lowness of a sound
theme
a melody that is the basis for a larger musical work
harmony
vertical aspect of pitch; effect created when pitches are stacked on top of one another and sounded at the same time
chord
harmony when there are more pitches sounded at the same time
chord progression
group of chords played in succession
consonant, dissonant
types of harmonies
consonant
wide, open, and smooth
dissonant harmony
crunched, and harsh sounding
texture
number of distinct musical lines (melodies) and how they relate to each other
monophonic, homophonic, polyphonic
3 types of texture
monophonic
only one note sounding at a time, no harmony
homophonic
two or more notes happening at the same time; most common way: melody and accompaniment
polyphonic
two or more independent melodies sounding at the same time
timbre
"tone color" characteristic sound that an instrument or voice makes
method of playing, material being used, overtones being sounded
factors that create timbre
voices, strings (violin, viola), woodwinds (flute, saxophone), brass (trumpets, etc.), percussion (drum, etc.) keyboards (piano, organ)
types of timbre
dynamics
volume of music
piano
soft
forte
loud
pianissimo
(more intensely) soft
fortissimo
(more intensely) loud
mezzo-piano
(less intensely) soft
mezzo-forte
(less intensely) loud
crescendo
gradually getting louder
diminuendo/decrescendo
gradually getting softer
form
architecture of a piece of music; describes layout of a piece of a composition as it is divided into sections
binary, ternary, through-composed
types of forms
binary form
all about contrast e.g. AB; Brahms Lullaby
ternary form
returning to original idea after a contrasting section e.g. ABA; Twinkle Twinkle Little Star
through composed form
no section repeats after it is done; ABCDE; Bohemian Rhapsody
duple meter
a 2-pulse grouping
triple meter
a 3-pulse grouping
quadruple meter
a 4-pulse grouping
largo-very slow (large)
adagio-slow (at ease)
andante-steady walking
moderato-moderate
allegro-fast (happy)
presto-very fast
tempo words
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