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71 terms

Kinn's 51-52

Kinn's chapter 51-52
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hemolyzed
A__________specimen is one in which blood vessels have ruptured.
aliquot
A portion of well mixed sample that is removed for testing.
MSDS
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
waived
Under CLIA a simple lab test that is approved for use at home is categorized as ___________.
CLIA
The FDA ensures the quality of laboratory testing under what piece of legislation?
Quantitative
Has numeric results
Qualitative
Gives a yes or no response.
amorphous
Cause cloudy urine
cystoscopy
Visual examination of the urinary bladder using a fiber optic instrument.
gold standard
ultimate measure of excellence
bilirubinuria
Presence of bilirubin in the urine
myoglobinuria
abnormal presence of a hemoglobin like chemical in the urine.
random specimen
freshly voided urine collected in a clean container
first morning specimen
Urine specimen collected when a patient rises first in the morning.
second voided specimen
collected to determine glucose levels, first void of the morning is discarded and the second void of the day is collected
catheterized specimen
...a test in which a urine sample is taken by inserting a catheter (a thin rubber tube) through the urethra into the bladder.
suprapubic specimen
specimen collected via a catheter inserted directly into the bladder.
Clean catch specimen
used to collect a virtually uncontaminated urine specimen for culture and sensitivity; to confirm urinary tract infection
24 hour urine specimen
urine that is collected over a 24 hour period
12ml
Minimum volume of urine needed for routine UA
turbidity
The appearance of urine ranging from clear to cloudy
specific gravity
The measurement of the concentration, or amount of substances, dissolved in urine.
12-50cc
amount of urine need for urinalysis.
CCMS
clean catch midstream specimen
20 minutes
the number of bacteria in room temperature urine double every _______ _______.
glomerulus
Blood is filtered by the ____________.
nephron
The functional unit of the kidneys is the _________
glucosuria
The presence of glucose in the urine is called?
reagent strips
Should be stored in dark, cool, moisture free areas.
fecal matter
If you wipe improperly what can be included in your urine specimen?
pale straw to amber yellow
Normal colors of urine are?
crystals
What can be present because of antibiotic therapy?
TOC test of cure
This should be done one week after finished antibiotics to assure that the UTI has healed.
HCG
What is the pregnancy test hormone?
Ketones
What cannot be present in room temperature urine samples?
2 liters
How much urine does the average person produce in 24 hours?
hemoturia
blood in urine
30 minutes
How quickly should urine sample be refrigerated?
epithelial
Which cells can contaminate urine specimen, and can be seen in a normal specimen?
urine test
Which type of test is used for a drug test?
saliva test
Which type of test is used for an alcohol test?
Culture and Sensitivity
Which type of test is used to check for UTI?
Purple reagent strip
Means a UTI
vomitting
What will be a symptom of abnormal ketones or positive nitrites
E-coli
Most common form of bacterial UTI?
Protein in urine
can be an indicator for diabetes
anticoagulants
used to prevent blood clot formation
cytology
study of cells
diluent
a liquid used to dilute a specimen or reagent
exudates
Fluids with high concentration of protein and cellular debris that have escaped from the blood vessels and have been deposited in tissues or on tissue surfaces,
preservatives
Substances added to a specimen to prevent deterioration of cells or chemicals
referral laboratory
private or hospital based lab that performs wide variety of tests, many of them specialized; physicians often send specimens here
specimen
a sample, as of tissue, blood, or urine, used for analysis and diagnosis
centrifuge
rotate at very high speed in order to separate the liquids from the solids
carcinogen
a substance that causes cancer
urinalysis
(medicine) the chemical analysis of urine (for medical diagnosis)
hematology
study of blood
chemistry
analyzes blood, cerebrospinal fluid and synovial fluid
microbiology
study of bacteria, fungi yeasts, parasites and viruses.
autoclave
instrument for sterilization by means moist heat under pressure
incubator
instrument used to maintain a specific warm temperature to achieve specific results
urinometer
sealed glass float with a calibrated paper scale in its stem; spun in urine sample; value read at meniscus
chemical reagent strips
Are used to test the specific gravity
bile, hepatitis
orange yellow or greenish yellow urine can be an indicator of what two pathological causes?
pus, fats
white milky urine
blood/porphyrins
Red urine can be a result of what pathological cause?
dehydration
Amber colored urine can be a result of what pathological cause?
diabetes
Straw colored urine can be a result of what pathological cause?
Melanin / methaglobin
reddish brown colored urine can be a result of what pathological cause?
clinitest
test performed to check for glucose in urine; most accurate reagent strip testing method with urine for diabetes
acetest
used to detect the presence of ketones