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John L. Stevens

U.S. Minister to Hawaii, who supported the Hawaiian planters in their rebellion again Queen Liliuokalani
(Paqge 203)

Spanish-American War

In the late 1800's, this war between Spain and the U.S. gave the U.S. a major victory, helping the nation rise to a new role as a world power. John Hay, an ambassador for the U.S., was quoted saying "it has been a splendid little war," because the U.S. gained so much new territory and became so much more powerful afterward.

U.S.S. Maine

The destruction of this war ship triggered a U.S. declaration of war on Spain in 1898.
(Page 208)

Annexing the Philippines

This was a controversial argument between those who wanted to gain new territory and those who opposed U.S. imperialism. Opponents to annexation argued that it would open the doors for a flood of new immigrants that the U.S. could not handle. Among those opposed were Samuel Gompers, the Anti-Imperialist League, and the Colored Citizens of Boston.
(Page 212)

Renewed support of the Monroe Doctrine

This happened after the Spanish American war so that America could protect its interests in Latin America.

John Hay

American Ambassador who called the Spanish-American war a "splendid little war" in a letter to President Roosevelt, because the U.S. gained so much from it: Spain gave up all claims to Cuba and ceded Puerto Rico and Guam to the U.S., as well as turning over the Philippines.
(Page 210)


A country under the control and protection of another country. Guam and Puerto Rico are among those the U.S. controls.
(Page 214)

Commodore Matthew Perry

Awed the Japanese with a demonstration of U.S. naval strength when he was sent by President Fillmore to take a fleet of steamships into Tokyo Bay. (page 205)

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