31 terms

1: Atomic Structure and Bonding

This first set teaches you the structure of atoms, including quantum mechanics, orbitals, periodic trends, bond types, VSEPR theory, and hybridization.
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Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
The quantum mechanical concept that we cannot measure the exact momentum and position of an orbiting electron simultaneously. That is, the more accurately we measure an electron's momentum, the less we know about its exact position.
Pauli Exclusion Principle
States that no two electrons in an atom can have the same set of four quantum number values.
Valence Electrons
The electrons occupying the outermost electron shell of an atom that participate in chemical bonds. Atoms with the same number of valence electrons usually have similar properties.
Atomic Radius
The distance measured either between the nucleus and outermost electron of an atom or by the separation of the two nuclei in a diatomic element. Decreases from left to right and from bottom to top on the Periodic Table.
Diamagnetic
An atom or a substance that contains no unpaired electrons and is consequently repelled by a magnet.
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