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Terms in this set (19)
The substance that is dissolved in a liquid to form a solution. It can be a solid, like coffee powder, a liquid, like cordial, or a gas, like carbon dioxide.
The liquid that a substance is dissolved in to form a solution. The most common solvent is water.
A clear liquid that has a solute dissolved in it. No particles should be visible and it should be see through unless too highly coloured.
When a solute is able to dissolve in a liquid.
When a solute is not able to dissolve in a liquid and remains visible as small particles.
When an insoluble substance has settled to the bottom of a liquid like mud does in a puddle that hasn't been disturbed for some time.
When the small particles of an insoluble substance can be seen floating in a liquid without dissolving. It is cloudy and will often settle down the bottom given time.
A solution that only has a small amount of solute dissolved in a certain amount of solvent.
A solution that has a large amount of solute dissolved in the same amount of solvent.
A solution that contains as much solute dissolved as that amount of solvent can hold. If more solute is added it will not dissolve.
A solution that could dissolve more solute than it already has. If more solute is added it will dissolve.
How readily a solute will dissolve in a particular solvent. This will change with solvents and their temperature - coffee will dissolve in hot water better than cold water.
Carefully pouring a liquid, that has a sediment at the bottom, off and leaving the solid sediment behind. Some of the liquid may remain in the solid and some of the solid may pass with the liquid - it is not perfect, but it is quick.
Using a sieve with small holes to separate a larger solid, like tea leaves, from a liquid.
Spinning a suspension very fast to cause the insoluble material to form a sediment so it can be separated from the liquid. Used to remove blood cells from plasma.
A separating technique that uses filter paper to separate an insoluble solid from a liquid.
A piece of paper with fine holes that lets the liquid pass through, but keeps the insoluble solid trapped.
The liquid that has passed through the filter paper and had the insoluble material removed.
The substance that is left behind when a separating technique is performed. The solid residue for filtering is left in the filter paper.
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