Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (34)
Actions or patterns of living of an individual or a group that impact on health, such as smoking, sexual activity, participation in physical activity, eating practices.
Where aid is given by one country directly to another. An example of bilateral aid is when Australia provides aid to East Timor.
Factors relating to the body that impact on health, such as genetics, hormones,
Focuses on the physical or biological aspects of disease and illness. It is a medical model of care practised by doctors and/or health professional and is associated with the diagnosis, cure and treatment of disease.
Biomedical model of health
A measure of the impact of diseases and injuries, specifically it measures the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age free of disease and disability. Burden of disease is measured in a unit called the DALY.
Burden of disease
Factors that raise or lower a level of health in a population or individual. Determinants of health help to explain or predict trends in health and why some groups have better or worse health than others.' Determinants can be classified in many ways such as biological, behavioural and social. (AIHW, 2006).
Determinants of health
A measure of burden of disease, one DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due to premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury.
Disability adjusted life year (DALY)
The rapid assistance given to people or countries in immediate distress to relieve suffering, during and after man-made emergencies such as wars and natural disasters such as food, tsunami or earthquake. The term emergency aid can also be called 'humanitarian aid.'
The state in which all persons obtain nutritionally adequate, culturally appropriate, safe food regularly through local non-emergency sources.' (VicHealth, 2008)
The health of populations in a worldwide context that go beyond the perspectives and concerns of individual countries. Global health is about an international collaborative approach to achieving equity in health for all people worldwide.
A complete state of physical, social and mental wellbeing, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.' (WHO, 1946)
A measure of burden of disease based on life expectancy at birth, but including an adjustment for time spent in poor health. It is the number of years in full health that a person can expect to live, based on current rates of ill health and mortality.
Health Adjusted Life Expectancy (HALE)
An individual's or a population's overall health, taking into account various aspects such as life expectancy, amount
of disability and levels of disease risk factors.' (AIHW,2008)
Creating an environment in which people can develop to their full potential and lead productive, creative lives in accord with their needs and interests. It is about expanding people's choices and enhancing capabilities (the range of things people can be and do), having access to knowledge, health and a decent standard of living, and participating in the life of their community and decisions affecting their lives. (adapted from the UN Development Programme, 1990)
A measurement of human development which combines indicators of life expectancy, educational levels and income. The Human Development Index provides a single statistic which can be used as a reference for both social and economic development. (UN Development Programme, 1990)
Human Development Index
An indication of how long a person can expect live, it is the number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age if death rates do not change.' (AIHW, 2008)
State of well-being in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.' (WHO, 2009)
Mental Dimensions of Health
Refers to ill health in an individual and the levels of ill health in a population or group.' (AIHW, 2008)
The WHO classifies countries into five mortality strata based on the mortality rates of children under five years of age and adults.
• Mortality strata A - very low child mortality and low adult mortality.
• Mortality strata B - low child mortality and low adult mortality.
• Mortality strata C - low child mortality and high adult mortality.
• Mortality strata D - high child mortality and high adult mortality.
• Mortality strata E - high child mortality and very high adult mortality.
Where aid is provided through an international organisation, such as the World Bank, United Nations or World Health Organisation. Multilateral aid combines donations from a number of countries and then distributes them to the recipients.
A collaborative initiative endorsed by the Commonwealth and all State and Territory governments. The NHPA initiative seeks to focus the health sector's attention on diseases or conditions that have a major impact on the health of Australians. The NHPAs represent the disease groups with the largest burden of disease and potential costs (direct, indirect and intangible) to the Australian community.
National Health Priority Areas
NGOs take different approaches to aid, which include specific projects or programs, emergency aid, volunteering, education and development. The aid provided by NGOs often focus on communities.
Non-Government Organization (NGO aid)
An approach to health development by the World Health Organization which attempts to reduce inequalities in health. The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion was developed from the social model of health and defines health promotion as 'the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health' (WHO 1998). The Ottawa Charter identifies three basic strategies for health promotion which are enabling, mediating, and advocacy.
Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion
Relates to the efficient functioning of the body and its systems, and includes the physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness.
Physical Dimensions of Health
The physical surroundings in which we live, work and play. The physical environment includes air, water, workplaces, housing, roads, nature, schools, recreation settings and exposure to hazards.
The number or proportion of cases of a particular disease or condition present in a population at a given time.' (AIHW, 2008)
Aspects of society and the social environment that impact on health, such as poverty, early life experiences, social networks and support.
The increasing complexity of behaviour patterns used in relationships with other people.
Being able to interact with others and participate in the community in both an independent and cooperative way.
Social dimensions of health
A conceptual framework within which improvements in health and wellbeing are achieved by directing effort towards addressing the social, economic and environmental determinants of health. The model is based on the understanding that in order for health gains to occur, social, economic and environmental determinants must be addressed.
Social model of health
Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.' (UN, 1992)
The number of deaths of children under five years of age per 1000 live births.' (WHO, 2008)
Under-five mortality rate
The values are effective, appropriate, efficient, responsive, accessible, safe, continuous, capable, sustainable.
Values that underpin
Australia's health system
Twelve to eighteen years of age; however, it should be acknowledge that classifications for the stage of youth can differ across agencies.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Year 12 Health and Human Development definitions
Health and Human Development 3/4
Health and Human Development - VCE units 3&4
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Aims of the SDGs
glossary terms from Ottawa charter
DESCRIPTIONS OF THE SDGS
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Conceptual Physics Ch. 2 Review Questions
Unit 27: Reagan/Bush41/Clinton
Management of Infection; Chemotherapeutic Agents G…