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Functions of the brain and nervous system
Terms in this set (29)
largest part of the brain used for thought, reasoning, movement, and senses
the cauliflower-shaped structure that is responsible for balance, coordination, posture and movement
part of the brain that connects the brain to the spinal cord. It helps regulate survival functions such as breathing and heart rate.
Part of the cerebral cortex. Functions are: reasoning, planning, speech production, movement, emotions, and problem solving
Part of the cerebral cortex. Functions are: processing sensory information
Part of the cerebral cortex. It is involved in auditory, perception, memory, speech comprehension, emotional responses,
Part of the cerebral cortex. It is involved in processing visual information. It helps the eyes to understand what they are seeing.
This part connects the right and left hemisphere of the cerebrum. It helps the two hemispheres communicate.
The section of the brain outside the thalamus. It regulates thirsts, hunger, hormones and temperature.
Part of the brain involved in relaying sensory and motor information to other parts of the brain.
This area is responsible for forming new memories. It looks C-shaped in a sheep's brain.
Secretes the hormone called melatonin. It controls out body clock.
Involved in emotions. It controls fear, arrousal, and sadness
The type of neurons that travel to the brain to detect senses
Neurons that travel to the brain to move your muscles.
Connect the sensory neurons to the motor neurons
The most visible part of the brain. It looks squiggly and is about 3-5mm thick. It includes the 4 lobes of the brain and the 4 cortexes.
The left and right hemispheres of the brain have dominant functions that they control.
Controls the right side of the body. Specialises in functions such as: logic, maths, language (speaking, writing, reading)
Controls the left side of the body. Specialises in functions such as: art and music appreciation, emotions, facial and pattern recognition
Central nervous system
Consists of the Brain & Spinal cord (center of the body). It's main function is to send and receive information from the peripheral nervous system.
Peripheral nervous system
Consists of the entire network or nerves located outside of the central nervous system that transmits message to and from the central nervous system.
A specialised cell that sends and receives messages to other cells.
Part of a neuron. Sends electrical impulses (messages) to neighboring neurons.
Part of a neuron. Covers the axon and works like insulation to allow messages to move more quickly through the neuron.
The long part of a neuron. Transfers electrical impulse signals (messages) from the cell body to the synapse.
The cell body of a neuron which contains most of the cell's organelles
Part of a neuron. Contains the cell body's DNA.
Part of a neuron. Receives electrical impulses (messages) from neighboring neurons.
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