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Psych Sac Learning
Terms in this set (35)
long term depression
selective weakening of specific synapses in order to make constructive use of synaptic strengthening caused by long term potentiation. use it or lose it.
long term potentiation
long lasting strengthening of synaptic connections of neurons, resulting in the enhanced functioning of the neurons when they are activated. fire together, wire together
a relatively permanent change in behaviour that occurs as a result of experience
an active information processing system that encodes, stores and recovers information. unique to all.
the process of forming new synapses between neurons, also known as circuit formation.
the brain's ability to change and reorganise itself by forming new neural connections as a result of experience throughout the lifespan.
the brain's ability to form new connections in order to enable adjustment to experiences, to recover or compensate for lost function and/or maximise remaining functions in the event of brain injury, such as a strokw
the brain's natural ability, especially during infancy, to change neural structure and form new connections in order to process sensory information from environmental stimulation and experience during it's growth and development.
insulate and protect
chemical substances released at the synapse to interact between a pre and post synaptic neuron. only functions as a NT, enhances or dampens a response
chemical substance released by a neuron secreted into circulation into the blood stream, functions as NT and as hormone, enhances or dampens a response
main excitatory NT, can bind neurons together through synaptic plasticity involved in LTP. responsible for different types of neural plasticity such as LTD and LTP during learning and memory formation
can enhance long term memory, important for encoding emotional memories, ensures memory strength relates to memory importance, enhances memory consolidation for emotionally arousing memories
learning occurs by watching another persons activities and actions and their consequences to guide future behaviour. also known as observational model. adina is the model.
steps of social learning
attention, retention, reproduction, motivation, reinforcement
learner actively watches the model
learner stores mental representation of behaviour
learner has the mental and physical ability to perform the behaviour
the learner must want to or have a desire to perform the behaviour
a positive outcome means the learner is more likely to repeat the behaviour
a form of learning which occurs through repeated association of two different stimuli to produce a naturally occuring response
steps and link
UCS- puff of air
combo of NS and UCS to produce UCR
the development of a conditioned response through repeated association between the NS and the UCR
the disappearance of a CR following a lack of pairing of the UCS and the CS, or no evidence of the UCS
following a extinction and a rest period, the CR reappears at the presentation of the CS
withdrawal rights, professional conduct, informed consent
problem in procedure
experimenter bias due to single blind procedure
way to fix procedure
implementation of double blind procedure to ensure removal of experimenter and participant bias
a learning process where the likelihood of a particular behaviour occurring is determined by the consequences of that behaviour
wanting to receive a prize
making groups of three toys
receiving a prize
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