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Population Geography Definitions
Terms in this set (22)
percentage of the population (or
number of people of each gender) at each age
level in a population.
the total number of live births in a year
for every 1000 people in a population per year.
child mortality rate
the annual number of children
under the age of five years who die per 1000 live
births; also known as the under-5 mortality rate.
the total number of deaths per 1000
people in a population per year
changes in the size,
composition, rates of growth, and density of
population; changes to fertility and mortality rates;
and changes to patterns of migration.
the theory that relates the
process of industrialisation to declining death
rates followed by declines in birth rates.
the study of the characteristics and
changes in the size and structure of human
the average number of children a
woman will have during her reproductive years.
infant morality rate
the annual number of deaths
of infants under 1 year of age per 1000 live births.
the average number of years a
newborn infant can expect to live.
the act or process of moving from one
place to another with the intent of staying at the
destination permanently or for a relatively long
period of time.
the situation where the existing
population is too large to be adequately supported
by available resources.
the number of people per
the variation of population
density over a specified area.
population doubling time
the number of years
required for a population to double in size given a
constant rate of natural increase.
a bar graph showing the
distribution by gender and age group of a
the age and gender
composition of a population, usually depicted as a
rate of natural increase
the percentage by which a
population grows in a year. This is the difference
between the birth rate and the natural death rate
and excludes migration.
the number of children
a woman and her reproductive partner must have
to replace themselves. The worldwide average
is usually just above two children per couple
because some children die before they reach their
the rate of growth of an urban
the process by which there is an
increase in the proportion of a population living
in places classified as urban; the movement from
rural to urban areas.
zero population growth (ZPG)
the situation where
the birth rate equals the death rate and the
population size remains stable.
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