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Mental Time Travel
Terms in this set (25)
"Episodic memory and future mental time travel are proposed to have similar processes." True or false?
What are the three versions of past and future time travel?
The constructive episodic simulation hypothesis, the revised constructive episodic simulation hypothesis, and straight simulationist theories
What does the constructive episodic simulation hypothesis propose as a critical function of the brain? How does it achieve this?
Using stored information to imagine, simulate, and predict future events through flexibly recombining details from past events
The constructive episodic simulation hypothesis proposes what of memory and imagination?
Memory is the basis of imagination
What is the revised constructive episodic simulation hypothesis?
Perception, memory, and imagination are all online simulations of event representations
According to the revised constructive episodic simulation hypothesis, what do we draw on to fill in the gaps in our perception, imagination, and memory?
What do the straight simulationist theories propose of memory and imagination?
Remembering is to simulate or imagine the past
What neuroimaging evidence is there for memory and imagination being similar?
Default mode network is active for both remembering and imagining
What parts of the brain make up the default mode network?
Medial temporal lobes and parts of the frontal, parietal, and temporal cortex
"Some neuroimaging studies have found greater activation in remembering tasks compared to imagining tasks." True or false?
False (greater activation for imagining tasks)
How is mind wandering related to mental time travel?
Mind wandering involves experimenting with things from the past
How does amnesia provide evidence for memory and imagination being similar?
There's a strong correlation between episodic memory deficits and imagining a personal future
Amnesics' memories have reduced richness and sensory detail
"Spatial details of remembered scenes are significantly reduced in amnesics." True or false?
False (significantly reduced in imagined scenes)
What lead to the scene construction hypothesis of hippocampus function?
Amnesics difficulty with spatial details in imagined scenes
How do the memories of depressed people differ from non-depressed people?
Tend to report fewer specific details
What is the main theory for why depressed people give fewer specific details in their episodic memories?
A possible resistance to proceed to deeper levels of memory which could be negative, resulting in rumination on general aspects
How do older adults and younger adults differ when remembering past events?
Older adults generate fewer episode-specific details when remembering and imagining
There are notable differences between older adults and younger adults in remembering and imagining events. When are these changes less likely to be observed?
In discussions between two older adults that know each other
What evidence does phenomenology provide for the similarity between remembering and imagining?
There is the same shift in degree of detail and intensity of subjective experience when moving further from the present for both remembering past events and imagining future events
What does discontinuism propose of memory and imagination?
Remembering and imagining are fundamentally different
What does continuism propose of memory and imagination?
Remembering and imagining are products of the same system
What does discontinuism and continuism have in common?
They both posit similarities and differences between remembering and imagining
What are the three possible motivations for discontinuism?
Memory and imagining make different claims on the past and future
It is problematic for claims on the past to be false because the past is real
There needs to be a causal connection between past events and the present but no causal connection exists for present to future events
What causes problems for the idea of a causal connection between past events and the present?
Construction in memory
"Recollections people have of salient life episodes that were told to them by another person." What term is this describing?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Memory in Adolescence
Autobiographical Memory Organisation and Retrieval
Autobiographical Memory: Self in Time
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