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Week 8: Neuropsychological Testing
Terms in this set (76)
What is neuropsychology?
the branch of psychology that focuses on the relationship between brain functioning and behaviour
What is the Temporal Lobe involved in / effects of damage?
- auditory and sensory processing
- damage could impact sound discrimination, voice recognition, comprehension and memory
What is the Occipital Lobe involved in / effects of damage?
- visual processing
- damage can result in blindness, poor recall of visual imagery, impaired visual scanning
What is the Parietal Lobe involved in / effects of damage?
- sensory processing and integration
- damage can result in impaired sense of touch, visuospatial difficulties and apraxia (involuntary movements)
What is the Frontal Lobe involved in / effects of damage?
What is the cerebellum involved in?
What is acalculia?
inability to perform arithmetic calculations
What is agraphia?
deficit in writing ability
What is Akinesia?
deficits in motor movements
What is Amnesia?
loss of memory
What is Aphasia?
deficits in communication due to impaired speech or writing ability
What is Apraxia?
movement (voluntary) disorder in absence of paralysis
What are three types of neuropsychological constructs?
What is an example of a neuropsychological cognitive construct?
What is an example of a neuropsychological emotional construct?
What is an example of a neuropsychological behavioural construct?
- daily activities
What does a clinical neuropsychologist do?
1- Contribute to diagnosis
2- Management and rehabilitation
3- Recommendations e.g. going back to work
4- Psycho-education and counseling
- measurement of change
- psychological therapies
What is a neuropsychological assessment?
the evaluation of brain and nervous system functioning as it related to behaviour (involves observation and interpretation)
What conditions prompt referral for neuropsychological assessment
- brain injury
- neurological conditions
- medical (infectious diseases)
- dementia syndromes
- psychiatric (schizophrenia)
- learning difficult / developmental delay (autism)
What does the scientist-practitioner model propose?
that all clinical practice (including diagnosis/intervention/evaluation) should be informed by the content and methods of science
Assessment planning: always have a...?
What is a fixed battery of tests?
Group of tests used on all clients regardless of referral question designed to comprehensively sample the client's cognitive functioning
What is a flexible battery of tests
consists of a range of tests selected specifically in the context of the referral question and the client's presenting problem
Neuropsychologists prefer a .... battery when conducting assessments
What should a neuropsychologist record along with the test scores?
qualitative data (e.g., fatigue & anxiety)
What are 2 ways to assess visual perception?
1- Visual Discrimination Test
2- Judgment of line orientation test
What are 1 ways to assess visual integration?
1- Hooper Visual Organization Test
What are 1 ways to assess visual construction?
1- Rey Complex Figure
What are 1 ways to assess motor speed?
1- Finger tapping
What are 1 ways to assess motor dexterity?
1- Grooved Pegboard
What are 4 ways to assess attention and speed?
1- Attentional Span (digits)
2- Sustained Attention
3- Divided Attention
4- Speed (coding)
What are 5 ways to asses executive functions?
2- Working Memory
4- Response inhibition
What are some ways to assess the executive function Abstraction?
3- 10 Questions
What are some ways to assess the executive function Working Memory?
1- Letter Number Sequencing
What are some ways to assess the executive function Planning?
1- Tower of London
What are some ways to assess the executive function Response Inhibition?
What are some ways to assess the executive function Shifting?
1- Wisconsin Card Sorting Test
2- Trail Making Test
What is the controlled oral word associations test?
evaluated the spontaneous production of words under restricted search conditions
The Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (zoo map test)
A battery of tasks designed to assess everyday problems associated with deficits in executive function (e.g. organizing behaviour).
The Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome has...
high ecological validity
(the extent to which the findings of a research study are able to be generalized to real-life settings)
What does the Trail Making Test measure?
- mental flexibility
What does clinical neuropsychology focus on?
psychological impairments of the central nervous system and their remediation --> relationship between behavior and brain functioning in the realms of cognitive, motor, sensory, and emotional functioning
What does the field of neuropsychology attempt to relate?
relate brain dysfunction and damage to observable and measurable behavioral functioning
recognition of speech is localized in the .... hemisphere of the brain.
The roots of clinical neuropsychology can be traced to studies by...
Broca and Wernicke
neuropsychological testing can detect...
minor traumatic injury, Alzheimer's disease and other clinical problems in their earliest stages
Brodmann had developed the first...
functional map of the cerebral cortex
Short- term memory occurs when?
one recollects or produces material immediately after it has been presented
What is the
- Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R)
- Memory Assessment Scales (MAS)
- Randt Memory Test (RMT)
- Luria- Nebraska battery.
used to measure?
Neuropsychological tests can also be used to diagnose motor problems. For example, right-handed people who have damage to their right hemisphere often develop ....
spatial disorders such as the inability to copy or draw objects or difficulties assembling certain objects.
What deficits are related to damage to the Left Hemisphere?
1- Word memory problems
2- right-left disorientation
3- Finger agnosia
4- Problems recognizing written words
5- Problems performing calculations
6- Problems with detailed vocab, motor activities, not explained by paralysis
Problems dressing is related to damage to the ** hemisphere?
Problems with detailed vocab, motor activities, not explained by paralysis are related to damage to the ** hemisphere?
Problems performing calculations is related to damage to the ** hemisphere?
Problems recognizing written words is related to damage to the ** hemisphere?
Finger agnosia is related to damage to the ** hemisphere?
right-left disorientation is related to damage to the ** hemisphere?
Word memory problems is related to damage to the ** hemisphere?
What deficits are related to damage to the Right Hemisphere?
1- Visual-spacial deficits
2- Impaired visual perception
4- Difficulty writing
5- Problems with spatial calculations
6- Problems with gross coordinated voluntary motor not explained by paralysis activities
7- Inability to recognize a physical deficit (e.g. denial of paralyzed limb)
Visual-spacial deficits are related to damage to the ** hemisphere?
Impaired visual perception are related to damage to the ** hemisphere?
Neglect is related to damage to the ** hemisphere?
Difficulty writing is related to damage to the ** hemisphere?
Problems with spatial calculations are related to damage to the ** hemisphere?
Problems with gross coordinated voluntary motor not explained by paralysis activities are related to damage to the ** hemisphere?
Inability to recognize a physical deficit (e.g. denial of paralyzed limb) are related to damage to the ** hemisphere?
What is Dyslexia?
a specific reading disorder characterized by difficulties in decoding single words.
One application of clinical neuropsychology is the development of a concussion resolution index (CRI) to track the recovery following a sports-related concussion.
six subtests, identify 2?
1- reaction time, visual recognition
2- speed of information processing.
Halstead-Reitan and Luria-Nebraska test batteries are used to?
identifying the consequences of brain injury in adults.
Components of the Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery for Aduts
- halstead category test
- tactual test (time, memory, localization)
- rhythm test
- speech-sounds perception test
- finger oscillation test
- related procedure
- trail-making test
- Strength-of-grip test
- Sensory-perceptual examination
what is the concept of pluripotentiality?
that any one center in the brain can be involved in several different functional systems
What do clinical neuropsychologists test?
What is neuropsychology?
Neuropsychology is the study of brain-behavior relationships.
What is Clinical neuropsychology?
Clinical neuropsychology is "the application of assessment and intervention principles based on the scientific study of human behavior across the lifespan as it relates to normal and abnormal functioning of the central nervous system"
What are the uses of neuropsychological assessment?
• Describing strengths and weaknesses and identifying changes and dysfunction in psychological functioning
• Determining the biological correlates of test results
• Determining whether changes or dysfunction are associated with neurological disease, psychiatric conditions, developmental disorders, or nonneurological conditions
• Assessing changes over time and developing a prognosis
• Offering guidelines for rehabilitation, vocational, or educational planning
• Providing guidelines and education to family and caregivers
• Planning for discharge and treatment implementation
Kurt Goldstein's term for this principle of...
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