TCE Health Studies Part One - Introduction to Health
Terms in this set (19)
WHO (1946) Definition
A state of complete physical, social and mental wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
How do we measure health?
Life expectancy, under 5 mortality, mortality, and morbidity rates, infant mortality
"An indication of how long a person can expect to live, it is the number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age if death rates do not change" (AIHW, 2008)
'Refers to ill health in an individual and the levels of ill health in a population or group" (AIHW, 2008)
Burden of disease
A measure of the impact of diseases and injuries, specifically it measures the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives t an old age free of disease and disability. Burden of disease is measured in a unit called DALY.
Relates to the efficient functioning of the body and it's systems, and includes the physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness.
Being able to interact with others and participate in the community in both an independent and cooperative way.
'State of wellbeing in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can wrk productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community." (WHO, 2009)
Having a sense of direction and meaning in one's life includes the ability to develop positive values, morales and ethics and find a sense of connection and purpose. Can be religious, but doesn't have to be.
Factors relating to the body that impact on health, such as genetics, hormones, body weight blood pressure, cholesterol levels, birth weight.
Determinants of Health
'factors that affect the level of health in a population or individual. Determinants of health help to explain or predict trends in health and why some groups have better or worse health than others.' determinant can be classified in many ways such as biological, behavioural and social (AIHW, 2006).
Actions or patterns of living of a individual or a group that impact on heath, such as smoking, sexual activity, participation in physical activity and eating practises.
Environmental Determinants (external influences)
Physical environment, sociocultural environment political environment
The physical surroundings in which we live, work and play. The physical environment includes water and air, workplaces, housing, roads, nature, schools, recreation, settings and exposure to hazards.
Aspects of society and the social environment that impact on health, such as poverty, early life experiences, social networks and support.
Different levels of government and laws related to health including the allocation of money to various sectors and the development of laws and regulations.
The measure of the proportion of the population who die in a one-year period.
Aspects of a person's personality and environment that act to protect their health. Examples include resilience, a supportive family and a satisfying job.
The social standing of an individual in comparison to others in that society. It is based on education income and occupation.