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Terms in this set (14)
Hunters and Gatherers
Nomadic groups whose food supply depends on hunting animals and collecting plant foods. Minor impact on the environment and were small in numbers. First discovered Fire
Fire was a major factor. Cleared land and used fertiliser. Began to settle near animals and crops and organised communities. Increased environmental damage (Pollution, erosion, disease etc.). Population increase and began to cultivate natural areas.
Permanently settled in one place which created extensive environmental damage due to deforestation, pollution, overgrazing, overcropping etc. People began to congregate in ideal locations (river valleys, Masopotamia, Nile) increasing urbanisation numbers but also warfare/ leadership.
Beginning of significant environmental damage in 1800s. A population increase led masses to live in regions near coal mines due to increases in job demand and technology. This increased consumerism but also created infrastructure prolems, and health issues.
Why was the Three Gorges Dam Appropriate?
It provided both classes of people a sustainable, reliable, and safe solution for electricity as it offset 40 million tonnes of coal per year. It also created many jobs and
Why was the Three Gorges Dam Inappropriate?
It destroyed many homes and moved many people. The creation of such a large object would've also increased sediment buildup at the base of the dam, while increased erosion will occur due to the fast moving water.
What did the Three Gorges Dam do for China?
The Dam provided China with one-ninth of its power, generating 84.7 billion kilowatt hours per year. It also showed to the world that China was very powerful and wealthy.
What needed to happen for the construction of the Three Gorges dam to begin?
Two cities, 113 towns and 1599 industries were flooded, moving over 1.2 people to other regions. The Yangtze river was also widened to accomodate the dam.
How much did the Three Gorges Dam cost?
Between $14 - $75 Billion USD
Brundtland Report (1987)
Poverty, Status of Women, and Distribution of Wealth
Using resources in way that meets our needs without compromising the needs of future generations. "We don't inherit this Earth from our parents, we borrow it from out grandchildren"
Where a country or Multi-National Corperation pretends to adopt a sustainable approch to the environment or use of resources but will only talk about it and not commit to doing it. Often exploited for economic gain. E.g Brazillian Government was criticised for its alleged involvements with MNCs in the Amazon.
Debt for Nature
An agreement where a certain amount of foreign debt is canceled in exchange for protection of certain natural (possibly endangered) areas. It is often negotiated multi-laterally by an NGO (e.g WWF). Peru had $40 million debt erased for protection of 27.5 million arces for 12 years.
How does this protray China?
Shows China's superiority and discipline
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