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Multi store model of memory - Atkinson and Shiffrin, 1968
Terms in this set (28)
thinking and reasoning
The internal record of some previous event or experience OR an active information process system that (E)ncodes, (O)rganises, (S)tores and (R)etrieves information.
The multi-store model of memory visualises memory as...
A system consisting of multiple memory stores, through which a stream of data flows for processing.
For information to be stored for a long time, it must pass through three memory stores...
Sensory memory; short term memory; long term memory
Each store operates...
Independently but at the same time, and their control processes are interrelated.
Each stage is measured by...
Capacity, duration and function.
Short Term Memory
Long Term Memory
Maintenance and elaborative rehearsal
Information not attended to is lost rapidly
Unrehearsed information is lost after approx. 18-20 seconds
Some information may be lost over time
The conversion of sensory information to a form for the brain.
The capacity of sensory memory is...
The duration of sensory memory is...
Less than 5 seconds
The capacity of short term memory is...
Limited to 7+/-2 pieces of information
The duration of short term memory is...
Around 30 seconds
The capacity of short term memory can be increase by...
Chunking (grouping information into categories)
The retention of short term memory can be improved through...
Acronyms, acrostics and chaining.
The duration of short term memory can be increased through...
Maintenance rehearsal is...
Repeating information aloud or in your head.
Elaborative rehearsal is...
Connecting new information with existing memories in a meaningful way. Existing memories become memory cues.
Elaborative rehearsal involves...
Actively processing and encoding.
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