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Terms in this set (27)
how we arrange words (lexemes) in sentences
independent, makes sense on its own
subordinate clause that describes a noun it relates to
always introduced by a relative pronoun, who, which, what, that and relates to the clause to the noun in the main clause
eg. the man who did that painting is over there
clauses that answer how, where, why, when, about the verb
eg, as she entered the room the girl screamed because she saw the ghost
the doer of the action or the one being talked about in the sentence
eg. Jane went home late
a noun, pronoun, or a group of words which is the doer of the one being talked about in the sentence
the important noun, pronoun or group of words that cannot be taken out of the complete subject
composed of two or more subjects that have the same verb, subjects are joined by coordinating conjunction "and" or "or"
the subject with no concrete reference
the subject before the verb in imperative sentence
the information about the subject
the verb or verb phrase as well as any modified and/or complements that tell what the subject does or is
the important verb/verb phrase in the sentence that cannot be taken out of the complete predicate
composed of two or more verbs that have the same subject, the verbs are joined by a coordinating conjunction
a word or group of words that do not express a subject or predicate or both, but the thought is complete if it is in relation with the previous statement
this is a word or group of words in a sentence that completes a thought that has been partially formed by the subject and its verb
they could receive the action of a verb or follow a linking verb and refer back to the subject
not the subject of the sentence but the noun or pronoun receiving the action, it answers the questions whom or what after the action verb
this acts as a noun and does not receive the action but indicates for whom or to whom something is done, ask for/to whom or for/to what after the action verb
an adjective or noun that appears with a direct object and describes or renames it, it can only be found in a sentence that has a direct object. (v+do, then ask what?)
these are nouns, pronouns or adjectives that appears with a linking verb and tells something about the subject of the sentence
it is the noun or the pronoun that appears with a linking verb and renames, identifies, or explains the subject of the sentence
it is an adjective that appears with a linking verb and describes the subject of the sentence
Subject + Verb (S+V)
The simple sentence is composed of a single independent clause. It is consists of one or more subjects or one or more verbs.
Independent Clause + Independent Clause (I+I)
It has two or more independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction.
Two or more simple sentences, when put together, can make up a compound sentence.
Independent Clause + Dependent Clause (I+D)
It contains one independent clause (I) and one or more dependent clauses (D) joined by a subordinating conjunction.
compound complex sentence
Independent Clause + Independent Clause + Dependent Clause (I+I+D)
This contains two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses.
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