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Unit 2- Personality
Terms in this set (34)
What is Costa & McCra's theory?
Big five model
What is Allport's theory?
What type of theorist is Allport?
What type of theorists are Costa & McCrae?
Critique of the 'Big 5 Trait theory'?
Traits are often a poor prediction of behaviour
Critique of the ' Big five model '?
Not based on an actual theory, it is a data driven description of traits
Costa & McCrae date?
What is Maslow's theory?
Hierarchy of needs
Critique of 'Hierarchy of needs'?
Everyone has the ability to move up the hierarchy, however Maslow fails to explore that progress may be disrupted by a failure of biological needs
What type of theorist is Maslow?
What type of theorist is Skinner?
What is Skinner's theory?
What type of theorist is bandora?
Social cognitive theorist
Whats Bandura's theory?
Vicarious learning theory
Critique of the Vicarious learning theory?
Poor role models demonstrate/normalise poor behaviours/personality traits
What does a humanist theorist focus on?
focuses on the role of each person's conscious life experiences and choices in personality development
What are behaviourist theories based on?
based on the theories of learning and focuses on the effect on the environment on behaviour
What does a social cognitive theorist suggest?
explains personality in terms of how a person thinks about and responds to one's social environment
What are Trait theorists concerned with?
more concerned with the end result- the characteristics not the process that causes personality.
What are the 5 elements of the 'Big 5 Theory'?
What are the 3 traits Allport argues categories personality?
Who are the environmental theorists?
Who are the heredity theorists?
Costa & McCrae
What was Bandura's experiment called?
Bobo doll experiment
When was the Secret Life of twins produced?
Big Five Model
Openness to experience
Theory highlights 5 elements of which are believed to affect personality to some degree
Supported by lots of research
Critique: not based on an actual theory, rather a data driven description of traits
Allports Trait theory
describes the essential traits that serve as building blocks of personality
critique: traits are often poor predictions of behaviour
Hierarchy of needs
Hierarchy draws on biological & environmental needs, once biological needs are met individuals may achieve self fulfilment from environmental factors
critique: Everyone has the ability to move up the hierarchy however, progress may be disrupted by failure of biological needs being met.
Learning based on the consequences of responding in the environment
Analysing the cause and consequences of behaviour
learning the consequences of an action by watching others being rewarded or punished for performing the action
critique: poor role models demonstrate and/or normalise poor behaviours/personality traits
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