Terms in this set (30)
Also known as first-movement form, it includes three sections: exposition; development; recapitulation.
The first section in a sonata form movement. It includes two contrasting melodies and ends in the dominant (or relative major) key.
The second section in a sonata form movement. Thematic ideas are developed and a range of keys is explored.
The third, and final, section of a sonata form movement. All the thematic material from the exposition returns, but now all in the tonic key, thereby resolving the tension that had been set up.
An accompaniment pattern derived from broken chords.
Theme and Variations
A musical form in which a theme continually returns but is varied by changing the notes of the melody, the harmony, the rhythm, or some other feature of the music
A large-scale composition for orchestra, originating in the Classical period, consisting of three or four movements. It grew out the form of the Italian overture, and was popularised by the Mannheim school.
The Mannheim rocket
A rising arpeggio motif, made popular by the Mannheim orchestra and its composers
A chamber music ensemble consisting of first and second violins, viola, and cello. The string quartet originated in the Classical period.
A keyboard instrument invented in 1700 and popularised in the Classical period; it is capable of playing a range of dynamics, unlike the harpsichord.
Minuet and trio
A ternary form movement in triple time, often forming the third movement of a symphony or string quartet
Scherzo and trio
A lively ternary form movement in triple time, often forming the third movement of a symphony or string quartet (particularly in works by Beethoven)
A composition for a solo instrument with piano accompaniment, usually in three contrasting movements (fast - slow - fast)
ABACA, etc. (uses A as refrain)
Rounded binary form
Two sections (A and B) but where B ends with the return of part of A.
The first phrase in a pair of balanced phrases (like a question)
The second phrase in a pair of balanced phrases (like an answer)
Balanced phrases of regular lengths (usually two, four or eight bars) - a style particularly associated with music of the Classical period.
Single line of melody supported by a harmonic accompaniment
A composition for a solo instrument accompanied by orchestra, usually in three movements (fast- slow-fast)
Chords I, IV and V
The process of changing from one key to another
A very brief modulation
The V or V7 chord of a key other than the Tonic
A solo song in an opera
Vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech, often used for dialogue or to move the action on in an opera
Sturm und Drang
"Storm and Stress": as a musical term it refers to a small but significant group of works written around 1770 that are marked by agitated, impassioned writing (including features such as use of a minor key, syncopation, angular melodic lines, dissonance)
A dramatic work in one or more acts, set to music for singers and instrumentalists. It includes arias, recitative, ensembles, chorus, and an overture at the beginning.
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