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AOS 2 UNIT 4 MENTAL HEALTH
Terms in this set (27)
What is Mental Health?
psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioural adjustment
what are Mental Health problems?
a disruption to an individual's usual level of social and emotional wellbeing - so withdrawing from friends and family, or feeling sad more than usual.
what are Mental Disorders?
a psychological state characterized by emotional difficulties that lead to emotional or behavioural impairment or disability severe enough to require psychiatric intervention.
What is a Predisposing risk factor?
Increases susceptibility to a mental health problem
What is a Precipitating Risk Factor?
contributes to the occurrence of a mental health problem.
What is a Perpetuating risk factor?
Inhibits recovery from a mental health problem
What is a Protective Factor?
Prevents the occurrence or reoccurrence of a mental health problem
What is Genetic vulnerability?
A biological risk factor that refers to an increased risk in the development of a particular disease or mental disorder based on your genetic make-up.
What is poor sleep and substance abuse?
Poor sleep and substance abuse is a biological factor that contributes to the onset of a mental health disorder.
What is poor response to medication?
A biological risk factor that refers to no reduction in the symptoms of a mental health disorder despite taking the prescribed dosage.
What is rumination?
A psychological risk factor that refers to the compulsively focused attention on the symptoms of one's distress, and on its possible causes and consequences, rather than its solutions
What is impaired memory and reasoning?
people with mental disorders commonly demonstrate impaired reasoning and memory through their distorted and maladaptive ways of thinking and inability to come to conclusions.
- Psychological Risk factor
What is poor self efficacy?
Refers to an individual's belief in their capacity to execute behaviours necessary to succeed in a specific situation or accomplish a specific task
- Psychological Risk Factor
What is disorganised attachment?
occurs when there was instability in a caregiving relationship that interferes with a child's sense of trust and security.
characterised by inconsistent or contradictory behaviour patterns in the presence of a primary caregiver
- Social Risk Factor
What is stigma?
refers to social disapproval of an individual's personal characteristics or beliefs, or social disapproval of a type of behaviour
What is cumulative risk?
Combination of a few different types of risk factors that leads to an increased risk in the development of a mental disorder.
What is a GABA dysfunction?
Low levels of GABA in the brain which can lead to an overexaggerated fear response to the phobic stimuli as there is no GABA to counter the excitatory effects of Adrenaline.
what is LTP for stress?
Pathways are created and strengthened each time someone shows a fear response and each time the amygdala is activated to display a fight flight freeze response.
Enables the establishment of a set fear response.
What is classical conditioning?
A phobia is learnt through classical conditioning
The *Neutral stimulus* is continuously paired before the *Unconditioned stimulus* which creates the *unconditioned response*. over time, the continued pairing results in the
s continuously paired before the *Unconditioned stimulus* which creates the
. over time, the continued pairing results in the
What is operant conditioning?
Antecedent - the condition in which allows a behaviour to take place
Behaviour - the way a person acts in response to a situation
Consequence - the impact of the behaviour on the individual
Perpetuates the effects of a phobia through avoidance strategies creating a negative reinforcement
What is Memory bias?
A better recollection of phobic events and information than other information or of negative over positive information
What is catastrophic thinking?
when an individual repeatedly overestimates the potential dangers of an object or event and assumes the worst
What are benzodiazepines?
They work by increasing the amount of GABA in a person's brain, which helps to inhibit overexcited neurotransmitters
An agonist in the release of GABA which is an antagonist.
What are relaxation techniques?
Methods learnt to reduce physiological and psychological arousal associated with stress.
Breathing retraining is the identifying of negative breathing habits and replacing them with new ones.
What is CBT?
Identifying negative thoughts and behaviours and replacing them with positive ones to reduce stress and anxiety.
What is systematic desensitization?
- A person is taught relaxation techniques
- The person then creates a hierarchy from being least exposed to the phobia, to most exposed.
- the person then works through the hierarchy which exercising relaxation techniques
- The process would be continued until the fear response no longer occurs.
what is psychoeducation?
aims to educate a phobic person and their family on how they can cope with and treat a phobia
- preventing avoidance techniques
- challenging cognitive bias
- Challenge unrealistic thoughts such as catastrophic thinking.
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