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Lecture 10 - Research Integrity
Terms in this set (16)
What are the 5 point of MQ statement on research ethics?
1. Honesty and integrity
2. Respect for participants (human and animals)
3. Respect for resources used to conduct research
4. Appropriate acknowledgement of contributors to research
5. Responsible communication of research findings
What are the 10 guides of the nuremberg code
1. Informed consent
2. Research must be fruitful
3. Should have scientific basis
4. Avoid unnesecary physical or mental suffering
5. No research if death or permanent injury
6. Risk to ps should not exceed benefits
7. Adequate facilities must be provided
8. Researchers must be qualified
9. Freedom to withdraw
10. Researchers duty to stop if injury is likely.
What are the issues with the Nuremberg code
Not legally binding - discresion left to the researcher.
Many researchers thought it only applied to extreme examples.
What part of the code did Milgram's experiment violate?
Freedom to withdraw
What part of the code did Southam violate (liver cells)
What did the declaration of Helsinki do?
Design and performance of of experiments need to be clearly formulated in an experimental protocol that is considered by a specially appointed committee.
What 5 codes apply to research at macquarie
Responsible conduct of research
- Australian code for the conduct of research
- MQ code for the conduct of research
- National statement - National statement by the government regarding principles and processes.
- Care and use of animals
- Gene Technology regulations
What is the purpose of the Australian code for the responsible conduct of research?
To act as a GUIDE for responsible research conduct in australia, providing a basic reference fo the development of appropriate policies and procedures.
Written specifically for universities and public sector institutions.
What are the areas covered by the principles and practices (8)
1. General principles
2. Management of research data a primary material
3. Supervision of trainees
4. Publication and dissemination of research findings
6. Peer review
7. Conflict of interest
8. Collaborative research accross instititions
What are the two areas covered by the National statement?
1. Requires participants be accorded the respect and protection that is due to them - i.e. inform, consent, don't do harm
2. Involves the fostering of research that is of benefit to the community (i.e. based on scientific principles and is of scientific value)
When do ethical codes apply to human research? (6)
1. Taking part in surveys, interviews and focus groups
2. Undergoing psychological, physiological, medical testing/treatment
3. Being observed by researchers
4. Having access to personal documents or other materials
5. Collection and use of body organs, tissues and fluids.
6. Access to their information from a database or other unpublished source.
What are the governing principles of the animal code? (6)
1. Only use animals when justified
2. Support the wellbeing of animals involved
3. Avoiding or minimising harm
4. Applying high standards of scientific integrity
5. Applying the 3Rs at all stages - Replace, Reduction and Refinement.
6. Knowing and accepting one's responsibilities
What 5 things may occur from a breach of the guidelines?
1. A discreet investigation
2. A formal inquiry
3. The imposition of a sanction or penalty
4. Actions to remedy the situation
5. Advice to expert groups and public statements as appropriate
What 3 things are required for RESEARCH MISCONDUCT
1. Breach of the australian code
2. Intent and deliberation, recklessness or gross and persistent negligence
3. Serious consequences - such as false information on the public record, adverse effects on participants, animals or environment.
What other things does research misconduct involve
1. Fabrication, falsification, plagiarism or deception in proposing, carrying out or reporting the results of research, and failure to declare or manage a serious conflict of interest.
2. Failure to follow research proposals as approved by research ethics committee
3. Misleading ascription of authorship
What are some examples of a CONFLICT of INTEREST?
1. Financial benefit from a specific research outcome
2. Peer reviewer wants to get research funded/published that is very similar to the one he/she assesses
3. Peer-reviewer has personal relation to author or applicant
4. Examiner has personal relation to examinee
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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Lecture 3 - Assessing Research
Lecture 05 - Conducting research on special popula…
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