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Counselling Foundations pt 1
Terms in this set (25)
Psychoanalaysis & Behaviour Therapy are combined in
Wachtels Cyclical Dynamics
The main function of the rational emotive behaviour therapist is to:
identify irrational beliefs and support clients to change their thinking
A rational-emotive behaviour therapist is most likely to use
Imagery, role-playing, shame attacking exercises, humour
Is defusion part of the ACT model
who developed REBT
Which approach focuses on grief, role transitions, role disputes, and interpersonal deficits?
Beck initially focused on the treatment of:
Balancing instrumental and relational strengths is a goal of which approach to therapy?
Client statements including "I should..." and "I must..." would be of particular interest to.
the area of greatest convergence across different approaches to psychotherapy and counselling?
the therapeutic relationship
Which psychologist, covered in this course, was nominated for a nobel peace prize
name Freud's drives & instincts
eros, thanatos, libido
splitting in Objects Relations Theory
process of keeping incompatible feeling separate from each other (Otto Kernberg)
who focussed on narcissism within psychoanalysis
what is reaction formation
where an unacceptable impulse can be avoided by acting in the opposite way
what is displacement
when individuals place their feelings not on a dangerous person or object, but on one who may be safe (eg. anger at friends rather than boss)
Anna Freud added which defenses?
identification with the aggressor and altruism
Otto Kernberg integrated what?
object relations theory & drive theory
objects, living beings, the environment
Logotherapy was founded by
Self-awareness, knowing one's self
short term therapy (existential)
what used attitude modulation, re-reflection, paradoxical intention and socratic dialogue as main technique?
6 necessary & sufficient conditions for change
PCT; 2 people in psychological contact; client incongruent; unconditional positive regard & empathy shown by therapist; communication; therapist is congruent or integrated in the relationship
common defenses in PCT
rationalisation, fantasy, projection & paranoid thinking
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The basketball players could remember the main points of their coach's halftime talk, but not her exact words. This is because they encoded the information a. semantically. b. iconically. c. implicitly. d. shallowly. e. automatically.
The stress hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine released from where? a. Parasympathetic nervous system b. Hippocampus c. Brain stem d. Adrenal glands e. Hypothalamus
Explain how excessive anxiety may lead to phobias or panic disorders.
The perception that we control our own fate is also called what? a. Self-control b. Learned helplessness c. Internal locus of control d. External locus of control e. Emotion-focused coping