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Identify the ways in which religions describe human life through sacred texts and religious writings of Judaism
- free will
- divine and human justice
- sanctity of life
Explain revelation in regards to Judaism
Knowing about God and what he wants us to do. Some Jews believe that God meets with them directly.
Special revelations show Jews that God is a personal God. He communicates with his followers through visions and dreams to suggest to Jews that God knows and understands what is happening in their lives and is aware of the guidance they need.
Personal revelations is where they feel the presence of God when they are praying or worshipping. This shows that God is guiding each individual as well as the community.
Explain sin and forgiveness in regards to Judaism
Forgiveness is important in Judaism and is a duty, or a mitzvah, that Jews should try their best to obey. Teachings on forgiveness can be found in the Torah.
Explain repentance in regards to Judaism
Repentance is one element of atoning for sin in Judaism. It is showing and feeling regret for the sins that someone has committed and therefore, reflecting on the wrongs by seeking forgiveness, praying, and turning to the Torah for guidance.
Explain free will in regards to Judaism
Judaism teaches that because humans have been given free will, they are responsible for their own actions. If they commit an action which is wrong, then they must seek forgiveness. Forgiveness can only be accepted from the victim.
Jews place great emphasis on teshuva, or repentance. This is when Jews will actively try to make amends for the wrongs they have committed. They do this by: reflecting on their wrongs seeking forgiveness for their wrongs praying turning to the Torah for guidance
Explain divine and human justice in regards to Judaism
Divine justice is justice that God does. Its about looking after his people. People need to act accoridng to God's will then God will act with justice and mercy towards his people.
Human justice is how humans act with justice towards others.
Explain sanctity of life in regards to Judaism
Judaism teaches that humans must not destroy life but preserve it. God created life, and life therefore belongs to God. Only God can take away life, not humans. To take life is a sin and is against God's will.
"Loving your neighbor" is also a part of the sanctity of life.
Identify the ways in which religions describe human life through sacred texts and religious writings of Christianity
- human dignity
Explain revelation in regards to Christianity
Revelation means knowing about God and what he wants us to do. There are two types:
- General (indirect) - available to everyone. Used to describe the way God is revealed through the natural world, conscience, people, awareness of morality, scripture (mainly God's will) or reason.
- Special (direct) - it is revelation directly to an individual or sometimes a group.
Explain incarnation in regards to Christianity
Incarnation is the belief that Jesus is God incarnated into a human form, born on earth, fully human and fully divine (means that Jesus has two natures which is why he can perform miracles).
Explain resurrection in regards to Christianity
Christians believe that everybody will be resurrected on the day of Judgement, when God will judge everybody individually. After they have been judged they will be sent to heaven or hell. Therefore, death is not to be feared by those who have lived morally and done God's will.
Explain salvation in regards to Christianity
- Means human souls can be saved from eternal punishment.
- God gave his only son Jesus so that humans could be saved.
- Jesus' actions meant there was reconciliation between death and humanity.
- God placed the sins of the world upon him at his crusifiction.
Salvation through law (orthodox Christians and Catholics)
- believe people can achieve salvation by following God's teachings and carrying out good deeds that will please God e.g. caring for the less fortunate and giving to charity.
Salvation through grace (Protestants)
- Grace is the unconditional love that God has for everyone. Salvation doesn't need to be earned. Instead it can be achieved by believing in God and Jesus.
Salvation through spirit
- the holy spirit helps Christians to follow the teachings of God and God recognised that everyone will sin but they will turn to God in repentance.
Explain human dignity in regards to Christianity
Everyone is created in the image of God.
- Jesus is the messiah
- Beatitudes (e.g. blessed are the poor, blessed are the merciful, blessed are the peacemakers)
- Agape (love of others)
- loving your neighbour
- do unto others as they would undo to you (treat others the way you want to be treated).
- Following the will of God
- Following your conscience
Identify the ways in which religions describe human life through sacred texts and religious writings of Islam
- revelation to the Prophet
- the Greater Jihad
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