synonyms: embarrassed, ashamed, shamefaced, remorseful, conscience-stricken, mortified, humiliated, humbled, chagrined, crestfallen, sheepish
Origin Middle English: from Anglo-Norman French abaïss- ; compare with Old French esbaïss-, lengthened stem of esbaïr, from es- 'utterly' + baïr 'astound.'
synonyms: subside, die down/away/out, lessen, ease [off], let up, decrease, diminish, moderate, d
Origin Middle English [in the legal sense 'put a stop to [a nuisance]']: from Old French abatre 'to fell,' from a- [from Latin ad 'to, at'] + batre 'to beat' [from Latin battere, battuere 'to beat'].
synonyms: resign, retire, stand down, step down, bow out, renounce the throne; archaicdemit ";the king abdicated in 1936"; resign from, relinquish, renounce, give up, surren
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin abdicat- 'renounced,' from the verb abdicare, from ab- 'away, from' + dicare 'declare.'
synonyms: deviant, deviating, divergent, abnormal, atypical, anomalous, irregular; nonconformist, rogue; strange, odd, peculiar, uncommon, freakish, quirky; twisted,
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin aberrant- 'wandering away,' from the verb aberrare, from ab- 'away, from' + errare 'to stray.'
synonyms: renounce, relinquish, reject, forgo, disavow, abandon, deny, repudiate, give up, wash one's hands of; eschew, abstain from, refrain from; informalkick, pack in; disaffirm; literaryforsake; formalforswear,
Origin late Middle English: from Latin abjurare, from ab- 'away' + jurare 'swear.'
legitimate, honest, and open
synonyms: legitimate, lawful, legal, licit, honest, fair, open, frank, straight, overt, candid, forthright, unconcealed, trustworthy, unequivocal; informallegit, kosher, by the book, street legal, fair and square, square, on the level, on the up and up, upfront
synonyms: repeal, revoke, rescind, repudiate, overturn, annul; disallow, cancel, invalidate, nullify, void, negate, dissolve, countermand, declare null and void, disc
Origin early 16th century: from Latin abrogat- 'repealed,' from the verb abrogare, from ab- 'away, from' + rogare 'propose a law.'
synonyms: ulcer, ulceration, cyst, boil, blister, sore, pustule, carbuncle, pimple, wen, whitlow, canker; inflamm
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin abscessus 'a going away,' from the verb abscedere, from ab- 'away from' + cedere 'go,' referring to the elimination of infected matter via the pus.
synonyms: run away, escape, bolt, flee, make off, take flight, take off, decamp; make a break for it, take to one's heels, make a quick getaway, beat a hasty ret
Origin mid 16th century [in the sense 'hide, conceal [oneself]']: from Latin abscondere 'hide,' from ab- 'away, from' + condere 'stow.'
synonyms: exonerate, discharge, acquit, vindicate; release, relieve, liberate, free, deliver, clear, exempt, let off; formalexculpate ";this fact does not absolve you from responsibility"; for
Origin late Middle English: from Latin absolvere 'set free, acquit,' from ab- 'from' + solvere 'loosen.'
synonyms: refrain from, desist from, hold back from, forbear; give up, renounce, avoid, shun, eschew, forgo, go without, do without; refuse, decline; informalcut out; formalabjure ";Benjamin
Origin late Middle English: from Old French abstenir, from Latin abstinere, from ab- 'from' + tenere 'hold
synonyms: obscure, arcane, esoteric, little known, recherché, rarefied, recondite, difficult, hard, puzzling, perplexing, cryptic, enigmatic, Delphic, complex, compli
Origin late 16th century: from Latin abstrusus 'put away, hidden,' from abstrudere 'conceal,' from ab- 'from' + trudere 'to push.'
synonyms: very bad, dreadful, awful, terrible, frightful, atrocious, disgraceful, deplorable, shameful, hopeless, lamentable; informalrotten, appalling, crummy, pathetic, pitiful, woeful, useless, lousy, dir
Origin mid 17th century [sense 2]: from abysm. Sense 1 dates from the early 19th century.
synonyms: chasm, gorge, ravine, canyon, fissure, rift, crevasse, hole, gulf, pit, cavity, void, bottomless pit ";a recurring nightmare in which he falls in
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'infernal pit']: via late Latin from Greek abussos 'bottomless,' from a- 'without' + bussos 'depth.'
synonyms: agree to, consent to, accept, assent to, acquiesce in, comply with, go along with, concur with, surrender to, yield to, give in to, give way to, def
Origin late Middle English [in the general sense 'come forward, approach']: from Latin accedere, from ad- 'to' + cedere 'give way, yield.'
synonyms: correct, precise, exact, right, error-free, perfect; factual, fact-based, literal, faithful, true, truthful, true to life, authentic, realistic; informalon the
Origin late 16th century: from Latin accuratus 'done with care,' past participle of accurare, from ad- 'toward' + cura 'care.'
synonyms: sharp, sarcastic, sardonic, mordant, trenchant, cutting, razor-edged, biting, piercing, stinging, searing, scathing, caustic, bitter, acrimonious, astringent, abrasive, harsh, wounding, hurtful, unkind, cruel, virulent, v
Origin mid 19th century: from Latin acerbus 'sour-tasting' + -ic.
synonyms: assistant, helper, attendant, aide, minion, underling, lackey, henchman; follower, disciple, supporter, votary; informalsidekick, groupie, hanger-on ";surrounded by eager ac
Origin Middle English: from Old French acolyt or ecclesiastical Latin acolytus, from Greek akolouthos 'follower.'
synonyms: astuteness, shrewdness, acuity, sharpness, sharp-wittedness, cleverness, smartness, brains; judgment, understanding, awareness, sense, common sense, canniness, discernment, wisdom, wit, sagacity
Origin late 16th century: from Latin, 'sharpness, point,' from acuere 'sharpen' [see acute].
synonyms: saying, maxim, axiom, proverb, aphorism, saw, dictum, byword, precept, motto, truism, platitude, cliché, apophthegm, commonplace ";I should have remembered the old adage 'look befor
Origin mid 16th century: from French, from Latin adagium 'saying,' based on an early form of aio 'I say.'
synonyms: muddled, confused, muzzy, fuddled, befuddled, dazed, disoriented, disorientated, fuzzy; informalwoozy ";Patricia was noticeably addled after Pete sudden
Origin Middle English: from Old English adela 'liquid filth,' of Germanic origin; related to Dutch aal and German Adel 'mire, puddle.'
cite as evidence
synonyms:cite, quote, name, mention, instance, point out, refer to; put forward, present, offer, advance, propose, proffer ";evidence adduced to support their argument"
Originlate Middle English: from Latin adducere, from ad- 'toward' + ducere 'to lead.
synonyms:champion, upholder, supporter, backer, promoter, proponent, exponent, spokesman, spokeswoman, spokesperson, campaigner, f
OriginMiddle English: from Old French avocat, from Latin advocatus, past participle [used as a noun] of advocare 'call [to one's aid],' from ad- 'to' + vocare 'to call.
synonyms:protection, backing, support, patronage, sponsorship, charge, care, guidance, control, guardianship, trusteeship, agency, safeguarding, shelter, umbrella, aid, assis
Originearly 17th century [denoting armor or a shield, especially that of a god]: via Latin from Greek aigis 'shield of Zeus.
synonyms:friendly, amiable, genial, congenial, cordial, warm, pleasant, nice, likable, personable, charming, agreeable, sympathetic, simpatico, good-humored, good-natured, jolly, kindl
Originlate Middle English: via Old French from Latin affabilis, from the verb affari, from ad- 'to' + fari 'speak.
synonyms: annoy, irritate, exasperate, bother, put out, nettle, provoke, antagonize, get on someone's nerves, ruffle [someone's feathers], try someone's patience;
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin aggravat- 'made heavy,' from the verb aggravare, from ad- [expressing increase] + gravis 'heavy.'
synonyms:nimble, lithe, supple, limber, acrobatic, fleet-footed, light-footed, light on one's feet; literaryfleet, lightsome ";she was as agile as a monkey";alert, sharp, acute, shrewd, astute, perceptive, quick-witted ";an ag
Originlate Middle English: via French from Latin agilis, from agere 'do.
synonyms: upset, perturb, fluster, ruffle, disconcert, unnerve, disquiet, disturb, distress, unsettle, unhinge; informalrattle, faze, discombobulate ";a
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'drive away']: from Latin agitat- 'agitated, driven,' from agitare, frequentative of agere 'do, drive.'
synonyms: eagerness, willingness, readiness; enthusiasm, ardor, avidity, fervor, keenness; promptness, haste, swiftness, dispatch, speed ";we want to move with alacrity, and put a stop to improper conduct while it's still goin
Origin late Middle English: from Latin alacritas, from alacer 'brisk.'
diminish or put at rest [fear, suspicion, or worry]
synonyms: reduce, diminish, decrease, lessen, assuage, alleviate, ease, relieve, soothe, soften, calm, take the edge off ";nothing would allay his fears";
Origin Old English ālecgan 'lay down or aside.'
synonyms: reduce, ease, relieve, take the edge off, deaden, dull, diminish, lessen, weaken, lighten, attenuate, mitigate, a
Origin late Middle English: from late Latin alleviat- 'lightened,' from the verb alleviare, from Latin allevare, from ad- 'to' + levare 'raise,' influenced by levis 'light.'
synonyms:mixture, mix, amalgam, fusion, meld, blend, compound, combination, composite, union; technicaladmixture ";modern pewter is an alloy of ti
Originlate 16th century: from Old French aloi [noun] and French aloyer [verb], both from Old French aloier, aleier 'combine,' from Latin alligare 'bind.
synonyms: attraction, lure, draw, pull, appeal, allurement, enticement, temptation, charm, seduction, fascination ";the allure
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'tempt, entice']: from Old French aleurier 'attract,' from a- [from Latin ad 'to'] + luere 'a lure' [originally a falconry term].
synonyms: combine, merge, unite, fuse, blend, meld; join [together], join forces, band [together], link [up], team up, go into partnership; literarycommingle
Origin early 17th century: from medieval Latin amalgamat- 'formed into a soft mass,' from the verb amalgamare, from amalgama [see amalgam].
synonyms: equivocal, ambivalent, open to debate/argument, arguable, debatable; obscure, unclear, imprecise, vague, a
Origin early 16th century [in the sense 'indistinct, obscure']: from Latin ambiguus 'doubtful' [from ambigere 'waver, go around,' from ambi- 'both ways' + agere 'to drive'] + -ous.
synonyms: equivocal, uncertain, unsure, doubtful, indecisive, inconclusive, irresolute, of two minds, undecided, torn, in a quandary, on the fence, hesitating, wavering, vacillating, equivocating
Origin early 20th century: from ambivalence [from German Ambivalenz ], on the pattern of equivalent .
synonyms: improve, make better, better, make improvements to, enhance, help, benefit, boost, amend; relieve, ease, mitigate; informaltweak, patch up ";measures were taken to ameliorate the si
Origin mid 18th century: alteration of meliorate, influenced by French améliorer, from meilleur 'better.'
synonyms: an abomination, an outrage, an abhorrence, a disgrace, an evil, a bane, a
Origin early 16th century: from ecclesiastical Latin, 'excommunicated person, excommunication,' from Greek anathema 'thing dedicated,' [later] 'thing devoted to evil, accursed thing,' from anatithenai 'to set up.'
synonyms: additional, auxiliary, supporting, helping, extra, supplementary, supplemental, accessory, attendant; subsidiary, secondary; adjuvant; rareadminicular ";the Administrative Procedures Act and ancillary documents"
Origin mid 17th century: from Latin ancillaris, from ancilla 'maidservant.'
synonyms: abnormal, atypical, irregular, aberrant, exceptional, freak, freakish, odd, bizarre, peculiar, unusual, out of the ordinary; deviant, mutant; formalheteroclite ";it's an anomalous birth
Origin mid 17th century: via late Latin from Greek anōmalos [from an- 'not' + homalos 'even'] + -ous.
synonyms: hostility, antagonism, animosity, aversion, animus, enmi
Origin late 16th century [in the sense 'opposition of feeling, nature, or disposition']: from French antipathie or Latin antipathia, from Greek antipatheia, from antipathēs 'opposed in feeling,' from anti 'against' + pathos 'feeli
a pithy observation
synonyms: saying, maxim, axiom, adage, epigram, dictum, gnome, proverb, saw, tag; rareapophthegm ";she was a fount of Orwellian aphorisms";
Origin early 16th century: from French aphorisme or late Latin aphorismus, from Greek aphorismos 'definition,' from aphorizein 'define.'
synonyms:poise, self-assurance, self-confidence, calmness, composure, collectedness, levelheadedness, sangfroid, equilibrium, equanimity; informalunflappability ";the judges wer
Originlate 18th century [in the sense 'perpendicularity, steadiness']: from French, from à plomb 'according to a plummet.
synonyms: dissenter, defector, deserter, traitor, backslider, turncoat; nonconformist; schismatic; archaicheretic; rarerecusant, recreant, tergiversator ";after 50 years as an apostate, he r
Origin Middle English: from ecclesiastical Latin apostata, from Greek apostatēs 'apostate, runaway slave.'
synonyms:put in an application for, put in for, try [out] for, bid for, appeal for, petition for, sue for, register for, audition for; request, seek, solicit [for], claim, as
Originlate Middle English: from Old French aplier, from Latin applicare 'fold, fasten to,' from ad- 'to' + plicare 'to fold.
synonyms: appropriate, suitable, fitting, apt, befitting; relevant, pertinent, appurtenant, to the point, applicable, germane, material, congruous, felicitous; formalad rem ";an
Origin late 16th century: from Latin appositus, past participle of apponere 'apply,' from ad- 'toward' + ponere 'put.'
synonyms: approval, acceptance, endorsement, appreciation, respect, admiration, commendation, praise, congratulations, acclaim, esteem, applause; consent; rarelaudation ";at age 45, he w
Origin late Middle English: via Old French from Latin approbatio[n-], from the verb approbare [see approbate].
synonyms:suitable, proper, fitting, apt, right; Morerelevant, pertinent, apposite; convenient, opportune; seemly, befitting; formalad rem; archaicmeet ";t
Originlate Middle English: from late Latin appropriatus, past participle of appropriare 'make one's own,' from ad- 'to' + proprius 'own, proper.
synonyms: adjudicate, judge, referee, umpire; mediate, conciliate, intervene, intercede; settle, decide, resolve, pass judgment ";a third and disinterested party was brought in to arbitrat
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin arbitrat- 'judged,' from arbitrari, from arbiter 'judge, supreme ruler.'
understood by few; mysteri
synonyms: mysterious, secret; enigmatic, esoteric, cryptic, obscure, abstruse, recondite, recherché, impenetrable, opaque ";processes as old and arcane as the language of the law";
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin arcanus, from arcere 'to shut up,' from arca 'chest.'
synonyms: obsolete, out of date, old-fashioned, outmoded, behind the times, bygone, anachronistic, antiquated, superannuated, antediluvian, old world, old-fangled; ancient, old, extinct, d
Origin mid 19th century: from French archaïque, from Greek arkhaikos, from arkhaios, from arkhē 'beginning.'
synonyms: passionate, fervent, zealous, fervid, wholehearted, vehement, intense, fierce, fiery; enthusiastic, keen, eager, avid, committed, dedicated; literaryperfervid ";an ardent soccer fan";
Origin Middle English: from Old French ardant, from Latin ardens, ardent-, from ardere 'to burn.'
enthusiasm or passion
synonyms: passion, fervor, zeal, vehemence, intensity, verve, fire, emotion; enthusiasm, eagerness, avidity, gusto, keenness, dedication ";approaching the project with ardor";
Origin late Middle English: via Old French from Latin ardor, from ardere 'to burn.'
synonyms: onerous, taxing, difficult, hard, heavy, laborious, burdensome, strenuous, vigorous, back-breaking; demanding, tough, challenging, formidable; exhausting, tiring, punishing, grueling; uphill, steep; informalkilling; t
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin arduus 'steep, difficult' + -ous.
synonyms: utter, complete, total, absolute, downright, outright, thorough, out-and-out, sheer, pure, unmitigated, unqualified; blatant, flagrant ";what arrant nonsense!";
Origin Middle English: variant of errant, originally in phrases such as arrant thief 'outlawed, roving thief.'
synonyms: assume, take, claim, appropriate, seize, expropriate, wrest, usurp, commandeer ";the board arrogated to itself the task of determining what medical facilities will b
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin arrogat- 'claimed for oneself,' from the verb arrogare, from ad- 'to' + rogare 'ask.'
synonyms:find out, discover, get to know, work out, make out, fathom, learn, deduce, divine, discern, see, understand, comprehend; establish, determine, verify, confirm; fig
Originlate Middle English [in the sense 'assure, convince']: from Old French acertener, based on Latin certus 'settled, sure.
synonyms: austere, self-denying, abstinent, abstemious, self-disciplined, self-abnegating; simple, puritanical, monastic; reclusive, eremitic, hermitic; celibate, chaste ";an
Origin mid 17th century: from medieval Latin asceticus or Greek askētikos, from askētēs 'monk,' from askein 'to exercise.'
harshness of tone or
synonyms: harshness, sharpness, abrasiveness, roughness, severity, acerbity, astringency, tartness, sarcasm ";he replied with some asperity in his tone";
Origin Middle English [in the sense 'hardship, rigor']: from Old French asperite, or Latin asperitas, from asper 'rough.'
synonyms: vilify, disparage, denigrate, defame, run down, impugn, belittle, criticize, condemn, decry, denounce, pillory; malign, slander, libel, discredit;
Origin late Middle English [denoting the sprinkling of water, especially at baptism]: from Latin aspersio[n-], from aspergere [see asperse].
synonyms:desire, hope for, dream of, long for, yearn for, set one's heart on, wish for, want, be desirous of; aim for, seek, pursue, set one's sights on ";Jen aspires to a career in veterinary medici
Originlate Middle English: from French aspirer or Latin aspirare, from ad- 'to' + spirare 'breathe.
synonyms:evaluation, assessment, appraisal, analysis, examination, test/tests, testing, inspec
OriginMiddle English [in the general sense 'testing, or a test of, the merit of someone or something']: from Old French assai [noun], assaier [verb], variant of essai 'trial,' essayer 'to try' [see essay]
synonyms: diligent, careful, meticulous, thorough, sedulous, attentive, conscientious, punctilious, painstaking, rigorous, particular; persevering ";she was assiduous in pointing out every feat
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin assiduus, from assidere 'be engaged in doing' [see assess], + -ous.
synonyms:relieve, ease, alleviate, soothe, mitigate, allay, palliate, abate, suppress, subdue; moderate, lessen, diminish, reduce ";a pain that could never be assuaged"
OriginMiddle English: from Old French assouagier, asouagier, based on Latin ad- 'to' [expressing change] + suavis 'sweet.
synonyms:presume, suppose, take it [as given], take for granted, take as read, conjecture, surmise, conclude, deduce, infer, reckon, reason, think, fancy, believe, understand, gather, figure ";I assumed he wanted me t
Originlate Middle English: from Latin assumere, from ad- 'toward' + sumere 'take.
synonyms: achieve, accomplish, reach, obtain, gain, procure, secure, get, hook, net, win, earn, acquire; realize, fulfill; inform
Origin Middle English [in the senses 'bring to justice' and 'reach [a state]']: from Old French ateindre, from Latin attingere, from ad- 'at, to' + tangere 'to touch.'
synonyms: certify, corroborate, confirm, verify, substantiate, authenticate, evidence, demonstrate, show, prove; endorse, support, affirm, bear out, give credence
Origin early 16th century: from French attester, from Latin attestari, from ad- 'to' + testari 'to witness' [from testis 'a witness'].
synonyms: bold, daring, fearless, intrepid, brave, courageous, valiant, heroic, plucky; daredevil, devil-may-care, reckless, madcap; venturesome, mettlesome; informalgutsy, gutty, spunky, ballsy, skookum; liter
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin audax, audac- 'bold' [from audere 'dare'] + -ious.
synonyms: increase, add to, supplement, build up, enlarge, expand, extend, raise, multiply, swell, grow; magnify, amplify, escalate; improve, boost; informalup,
Origin late Middle English: from Old French augmenter [verb], augment [noun], or late Latin augmentare, from Latin augere 'to increase.'
synonyms: bode, portend, herald, be a sign of, warn of, forewarn of, foreshadow, be an omen of, presage, indicate, signify, signal, promise, threaten, spell, denote; predict, prophesy; literarybetoken, foretoken, forebode ";the war he
Origin late Middle English [as a noun]: from Latin, 'diviner.'
synonyms: menacing, threatening, unfriendly, hostile, antagonistic, evil, evil-intentioned, vindictive, wicked, nasty, bitter, acrimonious, malevolent, malicious, malignant, malign, sinister; harmful, injurious, dangerous, destructive, noxious, pern
Origin Old English bealufull [see bale2, -ful].
synonyms:uproar, pandemonium, commotion, mayhem, confusion, disorder, chaos, anarchy, lawlessness; furor, upheaval, hubbub, hoopla, turmoil, riot,
Originlate Middle English: early form of Bethlehem, referring to the hospital of St. Mary of Bethlehem in London, used as an institution for the insane
synonyms: overelaborate, labor, dwell on, harp on about, hammer away at; overdo, overplay, overdramatize, make too much of, place too much emphasis on; informalbeat to death, drag out, make a big thing of, blow out o
Origin late Middle English: from be- [expressing transitivity] + the verb labor.
synonyms: belligerent, aggressive, hostile, warlike, warmongering, hawkish, antagonistic, pugnacious, truculent, confrontational, contentious, militant, combative; informalspoiling for a fight, scrappy
Origin late Middle English: from Latin bellicosus, from bellicus 'warlike,' from bellum 'war.'
a flattering or pleasing statement or action used to persuade someone gently to do something
synonyms: flattery, cajolery, coaxing, wheedling, persuasion, palaver, honeyed words, smooth talk, blarney; informalsweet talk, soft soap, buttering up, smarm ";the blandishments of advertisers";
[of a horse] wearing blinders
synonyms: narrow-minded, inward-looking, parochial, provincial, insular, small-minded, close-minded, shortsighted; hidebound, illiberal, inflexible, entrenched, prejudiced ";blinkered politicians must be challenged by the voters";
showing a casual and cheerful indifference co
synonyms: casual, indifferent, unconcerned, unworried, untroubled, uncaring, careless, heedless, thoughtless; nonchalant, blasé ";a blithe disregard for the rules";
Origin Old English blīthe, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch blijde, also to bliss.
synonyms: strengthen, reinforce, boost, fortify, renew; support, sustain, buoy up, prop up, shore up, maintain, aid, help; augment, increase ";an occasional word of thanks wou
Origin Old English [in the sense 'long, thick pillow'], of Germanic origin; related to Dutch bolster and German Polster .
high-sounding but with little meaning; inflated
synonyms: pompous, blustering, turgid, verbose, orotund, high-flown, high-sounding, overwrought, pretentious, ostentatious, grandiloquent; informalhighfalutin, puffed up; rarefustian ";his bombastic speeches could send thousands into the streets";
synonyms: lout, oaf, ruffian, thug, yahoo, barbarian, Neanderthal, brute, beast, lubber; informalclod, roughneck, troglodyte, knuckle-dragger, pig, peasant ";a civilized affair guarant
Origin mid 16th century [in the sense 'peasant']: from Low German būr or Dutch boer 'farmer.' Compare with Boer.
self-assertive in a rude, noisy,
synonyms: self-assertive, pushy, cocksure, cocky, self-confident, arrogant, bold, audacious, brazen, bumptious, overweening, puffed up; More forward, impudent, insolent, rude ";a brash man";
Origin early 19th century [originally dialect]; perhaps a form of rash1.
synonyms: tolerate, allow, stand, bear, abide, put up with, endure; accept, permi
Origin Old English brūcan 'use, possess,' of Germanic origin; related to Dutch bruiken and German brauchen . The current sense dates from the mid 16th century, a figurative use of an earlier sense 'digest, stomach.'
a harsh, discordant mixture of sounds
synonyms:din, racket, noise, clamor, discord, dissonance, discordance, uproar ";despite the cacophony, Rita slept on"
Originmid 17th century: from French cacophonie, from Greek kakophōnia, from kakophōnos 'ill-sounding,' from kakos 'bad' + phōnē 'sound.
synonyms:immature, inexperienced, juvenile, adolescent, naive, green, raw, untried, unworldly, unsophisticated; informalwet behind the ears ";she toyed
OriginOld English calu 'bald'; probably from Latin calvus 'bald.' This was extended to mean 'unfledged,' which led to the present sense 'immature.
synonyms: shrewd, astute, smart, sharp, sharp-witted, discerning, penetrating, discriminating, perceptive, perspicacious, wise, worldly-wise, sagacious; cunning, crafty, wily, as sharp as a tack, savvy; dat
Origin late 16th century [originally Scots]: from can1 [in the obsolete sense 'know'] + -y
given to sudden and unaccount
synonyms: fickle, inconstant, changeable, variable, mercurial, volatile, unpredictable, temperamental; whimsical, fanciful, flighty, quirky, faddish ";the capricious workings of fate";
Origin early 17th century: from French capricieux, from Italian [see capriccioso].
synonyms: complain, cavil, grumble, grouse, whine, bleat, nag; informalgripe, grouch, beef, bellyache, moan, bitch, whinge, kvetch ";they could always find som
Origin Middle English [in the sense 'talk, chatter']: from Old Norse karpa 'brag'; later influenced by Latin carpere 'pluck at, slander.'
synonyms: reprimand, rebuke, admonish, chastise, chide, censure, upbraid, reprove, reproach, scold, berate, take to task, lambaste, give someone a piece of one's mind; informalrake/haul over the coals, tell off
Origin early 17th century: from Latin castigare 'reprove,' from castus 'pure, chaste.'
synonyms: disaster, catastrophe, calamity, tragedy, devastation, holocaust, ruin, ruination, upheaval,
Origin early 17th century [originally denoting the biblical Flood described in Genesis]: from French cataclysme, via Latin from Greek kataklusmos 'deluge,' from kata- 'down' + kluzein 'to wash.'
synonyms:unquestionable, sure, definite, beyond question, not in doubt, indubitable, undeniable, irrefutable, indisputable; obvious, evident, recognized, confirmed, accepted, acknowledged, undisputed, undoubted, unquestion
OriginMiddle English: from Old French, based on Latin certus 'settled, sure.
synonyms: annoyance, irritation, vexation, exasperation, displeasure, dissatisfaction, discontent; anger, rage, fury, wrath, indignation, resentm
Origin mid 17th century [in the sense 'melancholy']: from French chagrin [noun], literally 'rough skin, shagreen,' chagriner [verb], of unknown origin.
synonyms:bad-tempered, irascible, irritable, angry, grumpy, grouchy, crotchety, testy, cranky, crusty, cantankerous, curmudgeonly, ill-tempered, peevish, cross, frac
OriginMiddle English [in the sense 'bilious']: from Old French cholerique, via Latin from Greek kholerikos, from kholera [see choler]
rude in a mean-spirited and surly way
synonyms: rude, ill-mannered, ill-bred, discourteous, impolite, unmannerly, uncivil, unchivalrous; inconsiderate, uncharitable, surly, sullen ";it seemed churlish to refuse her invitation";
Origin Old English cierlisc, ceorlisc [see churl, -ish1].
state or assert that something is the case, typical
synonyms: assert, declare, profess, maintain, state, hold, affirm, avow; argue, contend, allege; formalaver ";Davies claimed that she was lying";
Origin Middle English: from Old French claime [noun], clamer [verb], from Latin clamare 'call out.'
a loud and confu
synonyms: din, racket, rumpus, loud noise, uproar, tumult, shouting, yelling, screaming, roaring; commotion, brouhaha, hue and cry, hubbub, hullabaloo, hoopla ";her voice rose above the clamor";
Origin late Middle English: via Old French from Latin clamor, from clamare 'cry out.'
synonyms: peak, pinnacle, height, high[est] point, top; acme, zenith; culmination, crowning point, crown, crest; highlight, high spot, high-water mar
Origin mid 16th century [in rhetoric]: from late Latin, from Greek klimax 'ladder, climax.' The sense 'culmination' arose in the late 18th century.
synonyms: convincing, compelling, strong, forceful, powerful, potent, weighty, impactful, effective; valid, sound, plausible, telling; impressive, persuasive, eloquent, credible, inf
Origin mid 17th century: from Latin cogent- 'compelling,' from the verb cogere, from co- 'together' + agere 'drive
synonyms: think about/on/over, contemplate, consider, mull over, meditate on, muse on/over, ponder, reflect on, deliberate on/over, ruminate on/over; dwell on,
Origin late 16th century: from Latin cogitat- 'considered,' from the verb cogitare, from co- 'together' + agitare 'turn over, consider.'
synonyms: crash into, hit, strike, impact, run into, bump into, meet head-on, cannon into, plow into, barrel into ";the trains collided with each other";
Origin early 17th century [in the sense 'cause to collide']: from Latin collidere, from col- 'together' + laedere 'to strike or damage.'
synonyms:force, pressure, press, push, urge; dragoon, browbeat, bully, intimidate, strong-arm; oblige, require, make; informallean on, put the screws on ";he compelled them to leave their land";exact, extort, d
Originlate Middle English: from Latin compellere, from com- 'together' + pellere 'drive.
synonyms: succinct, pithy, short and to the point, concise, compact, condensed, compressed, abridged, summarized, synoptic, capsule; informalsnap
Origin late Middle English: from Old French compendieux, from Latin compendiosus 'advantageous, brief,' from compendium 'profit, saving, abbreviation.'
synonyms: collection, compilation, anthology, treasury, digest; summary, synopsis, précis, outline ";a compendium of Civil War narratives";
Origin late 16th century: from Latin,'profit, saving' [literally 'what is weighed together'], from compendere, from com- 'together' + pendere 'weigh.'
synonyms:make [more] difficult, make complicated, mix up, confuse, muddle; informalmess up, screw up, snarl up ";invol
Originearly 17th century [in the sense 'combine, entangle, intertwine']: from Latin complicat- 'folded together,' from the verb complicare, from com- 'together' + plicare 'to fold.
synonyms: scruples, misgivings, qualms, worries, unease, uneasiness, doubts, reluctance, reservations;
Origin Middle English: from Old French componction, from ecclesiastical Latin compunctio[n-], from Latin compungere 'prick sharply,' from com- [expressing intensive force] + pungere 'to prick.'
synonyms: be about, deal with, have to do with, cover; discuss, go into, examine, study, review, analyze; relate to, p
Origin late Middle English: from French concerner or late Latin concernere [in medieval Latin 'be relevant to'], from con- [expressing intensive force] + cernere 'sift, discern.'
stop [someone] fr
synonyms: appease, placate, pacify, mollify, assuage, soothe, humor, reconcile, win over, make peace with ";he tried to conciliate the peasantry";
Origin mid 16th century [sense 2]: from Latin conciliat- 'combined, gained,' from the verb conciliare, from concilium [see council].
accept and allow [behavior th
synonyms:disregard, accept, allow, let pass, turn a blind eye to, overlook, forget; forgive, pardon, excuse, let go ";we cannot condone such dreadful behavior"
Originmid 19th century: from Latin condonare 'refrain from punishing,' from con- 'altogether' + donare 'give.
synonyms: comply with, abide by, obey, observe, follow, keep to, stick to, adhere to, uphold, heed, accept, go along with, fall i
Origin Middle English [in the sense 'make [something] like another thing']: from Old French conformer, from Latin conformare, from con- 'together' + formare 'to form.'
synonyms: assemble, gather, collect, come together, convene, rally, rendezvous, muster, meet, cluster, group ";huge crowds o
Origin late Middle English: from Latin congregat- 'collected [into a flock], united,' from the verb congregare, from con- 'together' + gregare [from grex, greg- 'a flock'].
synonyms: speculation, guesswork, surmise, fancy, presumption, assumption, theory, postulation, supposi
Origin late Middle English [in the senses 'to divine' and 'divination']: from Old French, or from Latin conjectura, from conicere 'put together in thought,' from con- 'together' + jacere 'throw
synonyms: attach, join, fasten, fix, affix, couple, link, secure, hitch; stick, adhere, fuse, pin, screw, bolt, clamp, clip, hook [up]; add
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'be united physically'; rare before the 18th century]: from Latin connectere, from con- 'together' + nectere 'bind.'
synonyms:sanctify, bless, make holy, make sacred; dedicate to God, devote, reserve, set apart; anoint, ordain;
Originlate Middle English: from Latin consecrat- 'dedicated, devoted as sacred,' from the verb consecrare, from con- [expressing intensive force] + sacrare 'dedicate,' from sacer 'sacred.
sharing a co
synonyms: adjacent, neighboring, adjoining, bordering, next-door; abutting, connecting, touching, in contact, proximate ";the contiguous Gulf states";
Origin early 16th century: from Latin contiguus 'touching,' from the verb contingere 'be in contact, befall' [see contingent] + -ous.
synonyms: remorseful, repentant, penitent, regretful, sorry, apologetic, rueful, sheepish, hangdog, ashamed, chastened, shamefaced, cons
Origin Middle English: from Old French contrit, from Latin contritus, past participle of conterere 'grind down, wear away,' from con- 'together' + terere 'rub.'
synonyms: bring about, engineer, manufacture, orchestrate, stage-manage, create, devise, concoct, construct, plan, fabricate, plot, hatch; informalwangle, set
Origin Middle English: from Old French contreuve-, stressed stem of controver 'imagine, invent,' from medieval Latin contropare 'compare.'
synonyms: friendly, genial, affable, amiable, congenial, agreeable, good-humored, cordial, warm, sociable, outgoing, gregarious, companionable, cl
Origin mid 17th century [in the sense 'fit for a feast, festive']: from Latin convivialis, from convivium 'a feast,' from con- 'with' + vivere 'live.'
a large formal assembly of people
synonyms:assembly, gathering, meeting, conference, convention, congress, council, symposium, colloquium, conclave, synod ";a convocation of church leaders"
Originlate Middle English: from Latin convocatio[n-], from the verb convocare [see convoke]
synonyms:complicated, complex, involved, elaborate, serpentine, labyrinthine, tortuous, tangled, Byzantine; Rube Goldberg; confused, confusing, bewi
Originlate 18th century: past participle of convolute, from Latin convolutus, past participle of convolvere 'roll together, intertwine' [see convolve]
a main subdivision of an armed force in the field, consisting of two or more divisions
synonyms: unit, division, detachment, section, company, contingent, squad, squadron, regiment, battalion, brigade, platoon ";an army corps";
Origin late 16th century: from French, from Latin corpus 'body.'
synonyms: fat, obese, overweight, plump, portly, stout, chubby, paunchy, beer-bellied, heavy, bulky, chunky, well upholstered, well padded, well covered, meaty, fleshy, rotund, broad in the beam; informaltubby, pudgy, beefy,
Origin late Middle English: from Latin corpulentus, from corpus 'body.'
synonyms: confirm, verify, endorse, ratify, authenticate, validate, certify; support, back up, uphold, bear
Origin mid 16th century [in the sense 'make physically stronger']: from Latin corroborat- 'strengthened,' from the verb corroborare, from cor- 'together' + roborare, from robur 'strength.'
synonyms: pamper, indulge, overindulge, mollycoddle, coddle, baby, pet, mother, nanny, nursemaid, pander to, spoil
Origin mid 16th century [as a noun denoting a lamb brought up by hand, later a spoiled child]: probably from Anglo-Norman French coscet 'cottager,' from Old English cotsǣta 'cottar.'
synonyms: advisory body, board, committee, brain trust, commission, assembly, panel; synod, co
Origin Old English [in the sense 'ecclesiastical assembly']: from Anglo-Norman French cuncile, from Latin concilium 'convocation, assembly,' from con- 'together' + calare 'summon.' Compare with counsel.
synonyms: face, features, physiognomy, profile; [facial] expression, look, appearance, aspect, mien; informalmug
Origin Middle English: from Old French contenance 'bearing, behavior,' from contenir [see contain]. The early sense was 'bearing, demeanor,' also 'facial expression,' hence 'the face.'
synonyms: revoke, rescind, reverse, undo, repeal, retract, withdraw, quash, overturn, overrule, cancel, annul, invalidate, nullify, n
Origin late Middle English: from Old French contremander [verb], contremand [noun], from medieval Latin contramandare, from contra- 'against' + mandare 'to order.'
agree, especially by
synonyms: undertake, contract, guarantee, pledge, promise, agree, engage, warrant, commit oneself, bind oneself ";the landlord covenants to repair the property";
Origin Middle English: from Old French, present participle of covenir 'agree,' from Latin convenire [see convene].
yearn to possess
synonyms:desire, yearn for, crave, have one's heart set on, want, wish for, long for, hanker after/for, hunger after/for, thirst for ";even with all they have, they covet the wealth of others"
OriginMiddle English: from Old French cuveitier, based on Latin cupiditas [see cupidity]
[of a performance, effort, or action] deserving public acknowledgment and praise but not necessarily outstanding or successful
synonyms: commendable, praiseworthy, laudable, admirable, honorable, estimable, meritorious, worthy, deserving, respectable ";her forty years of creditable stage work";
a statement of the bel
synonyms:statement of belief[s], article of faith, doctrine, creed, axiom, dogma, tenet, canon; theory, thesis, premise, conviction, position; ideology, code of belief ";he announced his credo in his first editorial"
OriginMiddle English: Latin,'I believe.' Compare with creed
synonyms: gullible, naive, too trusting, easily taken in, impressionable, unsuspecting, unsuspicious, unwary, unquestioning; innocent, ingenuous, inexperienced, unsophistica
Origin late 16th century [in the general sense 'inclined to believe']: from Latin credulus [from credere 'believe'] + -ous.
hasty and therefore not thorough or deta
synonyms:perfunctory, desultory, casual, superficial, token; sketchy, half-done, incomplete; hasty, quick, hurried, rapid, brief, passing, fleeting ";a cursory inspection"
Originearly 17th century: from Latin cursorius 'of a runner,' from cursor [see cursor]
synonyms: terse, brusque, abrupt, clipped, blunt, short, monosyllabic, summary; snappish, snappy, sharp, tart; gruff, offhand, unceremonious, ungracious, rude, impolite, discourteous, uncivil ";
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'short, shortened']: from Latin curtus 'cut short, abridged.'
waste time; be slow
synonyms: linger, dally, take one's time, be slow, waste time, idle; delay, procrastinate, stall, dilly-dally, lollygag; archaictarry ";they dawdled over breakfast";
Origin mid 17th century: related to dialect daddle, doddle 'dally.'
synonyms: weaken, enfeeble, enervate, devitalize, sap, drain, exhaust, weary, fatigue, prostrate; undermine, impair, indispose, incapacitate, cripple, disable, paralyze, immobilize;
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin debilitat- 'weakened,' from the verb debilitare, from debilitas [see debility].
synonyms: propriety, seemliness, decency, good taste, correctness; politeness, courtesy, good manners; dignity, respectability, modesty, demureness ";he had acted wit
Origin mid 16th century [as a literary term, denoting suitability of style]: from Latin, neuter of the adjective decorus 'seemly.'
synonyms: denounce, condemn, criticize, censure, attack, rail against, run down, pillory, lambaste, vilify, revile; disparage, deprecat
Origin early 17th century [in the sense 'decrease the value of coins by royal proclamation']: from de- 'down' + cry, on the pattern of French décrier 'cry down.'
synonyms: postpone, put off, delay, hold over, hold off [on], put back; shelve, suspend, sta
Origin late Middle English [also in the sense 'put on one side']: from Old French differer 'defer or differ,' from Latin differre, from dis- 'apart' + ferre 'bring, carry.' Compare with defer2 and differ.
synonyms: respect, respectfulness, dutifulness; submissiveness, submission, obedience, surrender, accession, capitulation, acquiescence, complaisance, obeisance ";his writings show excessive deference to the wealth
Origin mid 17th century: from French déférence, from déférer 'refer' [see defer2].
sully, mar, or spoil
synonyms: spoil, sully, mar, impair, debase, degrade; poison, taint, tarnish; destroy, ruin
Origin late Middle English: alteration of obsolete defoul, from Old French defouler 'trample down,' influenced by obsolete befile 'befoul, defile.'
synonyms: describe, set forth/out, present, outline, sketch, depict, represent; map out, define, specify, id
Origin mid 16th century [in the sense 'trace the outline of something']: from Latin delineat- 'outlined,' from the verb delineare, from de- 'out, completely' + lineare [from linea 'line'].
synonyms:object, take exception, take issue, protest, cavil, dissent; voice reservations, be unwilling, be reluctant, balk, think twice; drag
OriginMiddle English [in the sense 'linger, delay']: from Old French demourer [verb], demeure [noun], based on Latin de- 'away, completely' + morari 'delay.
synonyms: disparage, belittle, deprecate, decry, cast aspersions on, criticize, attack; speak ill of, give someone
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'blacken, make dark']: from Latin denigrat- 'blackened,' from the verb denigrare, from de- 'away, completely' + nigrare [from niger 'black'].
synonyms:corrupt, perverted, deviant, degenerate, debased, immoral, unprincipled; debauched, dissolute, lic
Originlate Middle English [in the sense 'pervert the meaning or intention of something']: from Old French depraver or Latin depravare, from de- 'down, thoroughly' + pravus 'crooked, perverse.
synonyms: ridicule, mock, scoff at, jibe at, make fun of, poke fun at, laugh at, hold up to ridicule, pillory; disdain, disparage, denigrate, dismiss, slight; sneer at, scorn, insult; informalknock, pooh-pooh ";the kid I used to deride in j
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin deridere 'scoff at.'
synonyms: mockery, ridicule, jeers, sneers, taunts; disdain, disparagement, denigration, disrespect, insults; scorn, contempt; lampooning, satire ";Quincy's memoirs incited the derision of his siblin
Origin late Middle English: via Old French from late Latin derisio[n-], from deridere 'scoff at.'
synonyms:contemptible, loathsome, hateful, detestable, reprehensible, abhorrent, abominable, awful, heinous; odious, vile, low, mean, abject, shameful, ignominious, shabby, ignoble, disreputable, discreditable, unwo
Originmid 16th century: from late Latin despicabilis, from despicari 'look down on.
synonyms: penniless, poor, impoverished, poverty-stricken, impecunious, without a cent/penny [to one's name]; needy,
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'deserted, abandoned, empty']: from Latin destitutus, past participle of destituere 'forsake,' from de- 'away from' + statuere 'to place.'
synonyms:penniless, poor, impoverished, poverty-stricken, impecunious, without a cent/penny [to one's name]; needy, in stra
Originlate Middle English [in the sense 'deserted, abandoned, empty']: from Latin destitutus, past participle of destituere 'forsake,' from de- 'away from' + statuere 'to plac
synonyms:casual, cursory, superficial, token, perfunctory, half-hearted, lukewarm; random, aimless, errat
Originlate 16th century [also in the literal sense 'skipping around']: from Latin desultorius 'superficial' [literally 'relating to a vaulter'], from desultor 'vaulter,' from the verb desilire
synonyms: abhor, hate, loathe, despise, shrink from, be unable to bear, find intolerable, dislike, disdain, have an aversion to; formalabominate ";the only vegetabl
Origin late 15th century: from Latin detestari, from de- 'down' + testari 'witness, call upon to witness' [from testis 'a witness'].
synonyms: harm, damage, injury, hurt, impairment, loss, disadvantage, disservice, mischief ";local merchants fear the detriment to business that
Origin late Middle English in the sense 'loss sustained by damage': from Old French, from Latin detrimentum, from detri-, stem of deterere 'wear away.'
synonyms: delegate, depute, pass [down/on], download, hand down/over/on, transfer, transmit, assign, consign, convey, entrust, turn over, give, cede, surrender, relinquish, deliver; be
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'roll down']: from Latin devolvere, from de- 'down' + volvere 'to roll.
synonyms: sheer, fine, delicate, light, thin, insubstantial, floaty, flimsy, filmy, silken, chiffony, gossamer, gossamer-thin, gauzy; translucent, transparent, see-through ";a
Origin early 17th century: from medieval Latin diaphanus, from Greek diaphanēs, from dia 'through' + phainein 'to show.'
synonyms: tirade, harangue, onslaught, attack, polemic, denunciation, broadside, fulmination, condemnation, censure, criticism; informa
Origin late 16th century [denoting a disquisition]: from French, via Latin from Greek diatribē 'spending of time, discourse,' from dia 'through' + tribein 'rub.'
a formal prono
synonyms: pronouncement, proclamation, direction, injunction, dictate, command, commandment, order, decree, edict, mandate, diktat ";he received the dictum with evident reluctance";
Origin late 16th century: from Latin, literally 'something said,' neuter past participle of dicere .
intended to teach, particularly in h
synonyms: instructive, instructional, educational, educative, informative, informational, edifying, improving, preceptive, pedagogic, moralistic ";the reforming, didactic function of art";
Origin mid 17th century: from Greek didaktikos, from didaskein 'teach.'
synonyms:deviate, go off on a tangent, get off the subject, get sidetracked, lose the thread, turn aside/away, depart, drift, stray, wander ";I have digressed from the original pl
Originearly 16th century: from Latin digress- 'stepped away,' from the verb digredi, from di- 'aside' + gradi 'to walk.
synonyms:tiny, small, little, petite, elfin, minute, miniature, mini, minuscule, compact, pocket, toy, midget, un
Originlate Middle English [as a grammatical term]: from Old French diminutif, -ive, from late Latin diminutivus, from Latin deminut- 'diminished,' from the verb deminuere [see diminish]
synonyms: dissatisfied, disgruntled, discontented, malcontent, frustrated, alienated; disloyal, rebellious, mutinous, seditious, dissident, up in arms;
Origin mid 17th century: past participle of disaffect, originally in the sense 'dislike or disorder,' from dis- [expressing reversal] + affect2.
synonyms: pay out, spend, expend, dole out, dish out, hand out, part with, donate, give; informalfork out/over, shell out, lay out, ante up, pony up ";the proceeds were disbursed weekly";
Origin mid 16th century: from Old French desbourser, from des- [expressing removal] + bourse 'purse.'
synonyms: perceive, make out, pick out, detect, recognize, notice, observe, see, spot; identify, determine, distinguish; literarydescry, espy ";they could discern a slender figure, probabl
Origin late Middle English: via Old French from Latin discernere, from dis- 'apart' + cernere 'to separate.'
synonyms: embarrass, abash, disconcert, discompose, discomfort, take aback, unsettle, unnerve,
Origin Middle English [in the sense 'defeat in battle']: from Old French desconfit, past participle of desconfire, based on Latin dis- [expressing reversal] + conficere 'put together' [see confection].
synonyms: careful, circumspect, cautious, wary, chary, guarded; tactful, diplomatic, prude
Origin Middle English: from Old French discret, from Latin discretus 'separate,' past participle of discernere 'discern,' the sense arising from late Latin discretio [see discretion]. Compare with discrete.
synonyms: rambling, digressive, meandering, wandering, maundering, diffuse, long, lengthy, wordy, verbose, long-winded, prolix; circuitous
Origin late 16th century: from medieval Latin discursivus, from Latin discurs-, literally 'gone hastily to and fro,' from the verb discurrere [see discourse].
synonyms:dingy, dim, dark, gloomy, dreary, drab, dull, bleak, cheerless, depress
Originlate Middle English: from earlier dismal [noun], denoting the two days in each month that in medieval times were believed to be unlucky, from Anglo-Norman French dis mal, from medieval Latin dies mali 'evil days.
synonyms: dissimulate, pretend, feign, act, masquerade, sham, fake, bluff, posture, hide one's feelings, put on a false front ";she's being honest and
Origin late Middle English: alteration [suggested by semblance] of obsolete dissimule, via Old French from Latin dissimulare 'disguise, conceal.'
synonyms: spread, circulate, distribute, disperse, promulgate, propagate, publicize, communicate, pass on, put about, make known ";much of our funding is used to d
Origin late Middle English: from Latin disseminat- 'scattered,' from the verb disseminare, from dis- 'abroad' + semen, semin- 'seed.'
synonyms: dissolute, debauched, decadent, intemperate, profligate, self-indulgent, wild, depraved; licentious, promiscuous; drunken ";it was in college that he bec
Origin late Middle English: from Latin dissipat- 'scattered,' from the verb dissipare, from dis- 'apart, widely' + supare 'to throw.'
the closing down
synonyms: cessation, conclusion, end, ending, termination, winding up/down, discontinuation, suspension, disbanding; prorogation, recess ";the dissolution of the legislative session";
Origin late Middle English: from Latin dissolutio[n-], from the verb dissolvere [see dissolve].
swell or cause to swell by pressure from inside
synonyms: swollen, bloated, dilated, engorged, enlarged, inflated, expanded, extended, bulging, protuberant ";a distended abdomen";
Origin late Middle English: from Latin distendere, from dis- 'apart' + tendere 'to stretch.'
synonyms: distracted, preoccupied, absorbed, abstracted, distant, faraway; absentminded, vague, inattentive, in a brown study, woolgathering, with
Origin mid 18th century: French, from Old French destrait, past participle of destraire 'distract,' from Latin distrahere 'pull apart' [see distract].
synonyms: disclose, reveal, tell, communicate, pass on, publish, broadcast, proclaim; expose, uncover, make public, give away, let slip; inform
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'announce publicly']: from Latin divulgare, from di- 'widely' + vulgare 'publish' [from vulgus 'common people'].
a principle or set of princi
synonyms: teaching, belief, tenet, principle, precept, maxim, article of faith, canon; creed, credo, set of beliefs, doctrine, ideology ";a dogma of the Sikh religion";
Origin mid 16th century: via late Latin from Greek dogma 'opinion,' from dokein 'seem good, think.'
synonyms: fearless, dauntless, determined, resolute, indomitable, intrepid, plucky, spirited, bold, valiant, brave, stouthearted, courageous; informalgutsy, gutty, spunky, feisty,
Origin late Old English dohtig, variant of dyhtig, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch duchtig and German tüchtig .
synonyms: stern, unsmiling, unfriendly, severe, forbidding, gruff, surly, grim, sullen, solemn, austere, stony ";they were barely acknowledged by the dour r
Origin late Middle English [originally Scots]: probably from Scottish Gaelic dúr 'dull, obstinate, stupid,' perhaps from Latin durus 'hard.'
synonyms: funny, humorous, amusing, comic, comical, mirthful, hilarious; clownish, farcical, zany, quirky; jocular, lighthearted, whimsical, facetious, witty, clever, wry, tongue-in-che
Origin early 17th century [as an adjective]: from French drôle, perhaps from Middle Dutch drolle 'imp, goblin.'
synonyms: sweet, soothing, mellow, honeyed, mellifluous, euphonious, pleasant, agreeable; melodious, melodic, lilting, lyrical, silvery, golden
Origin late Middle English doucet, from Old French doucet, diminutive of doux, from Latin dulcis 'sweet.' The Latin form influenced the modern spelling.
synonyms: deceitfulness, deceit, deception, double-dealing, underhandedness, dishonesty, fraud, fraudulence, sharp practice, chicanery, trickery, subterfuge, skulduggery, tre
Origin late Middle English: from Old French duplicite or late Latin duplicitas, from Latin duplic- 'twofold' [see duplex].
synonyms:exuberant, buoyant, cheerful, joyful, cheery, merry, jolly, sunny, jaunty, lighthearted, elated; animated, sparkling, vivacious,
Originlate 16th century [in the sense 'boiling']: from Latin ebullient- 'boiling up,' from the verb ebullire, from e- [variant of ex- ] 'out' + bullire 'to boil.
synonyms: unconventional, uncommon, abnormal, irregular, aberrant, anomalous, odd, queer, strange, peculiar, we
Origin late Middle English [as a noun denoting a circle or orbit not having the earth precisely at its center]: via late Latin from Greek ekkentros, from ek 'out of' + kentron 'center.'
synonyms: wide-ranging, broad-based, extensive, comprehensive, encyclopedic; varied, diverse, catholic, all-embracing, multifaceted, multifarious, heterogeneous, m
Origin late 17th century [as a term in philosophy]: from Greek eklektikos, from eklegein 'pick out,' from ek 'out' + legein 'choose.'
synonyms: decree, order, command, commandment, mandate, proclamation, pronouncement, dictate, fiat, promulgation; law, statute, act, bill, rul
Origin Middle English: from Latin edictum 'something proclaimed,' neuter past participle of edicere, from e- [variant of ex- ] 'out' + dicere 'say, tell.'
synonyms: obtain, draw out, extract, bring out, evoke, call forth, bring forth, induce, prompt, generate, engender, trigger, provoke; fo
Origin mid 17th century: from Latin elicit- 'drawn out by trickery or magic,' from the verb elicere, from e- [variant of ex- ] 'out' + lacere 'entice, deceive.'
synonyms: fluent, articulate, expressive, silver-tongued; persuasive, strong, forceful, powerful, potent, well expressed, effective, lucid, vivid, graphic; smooth-tongued, glib ";
Origin late Middle English: via Old French from Latin eloquent- 'speaking out,' from the verb eloqui [see eloquence].
synonyms:decorate, adorn, ornament; beautify, enhance, grace; trim, garnish, gild; deck, bedeck, festoon, emblazon; informaltart up, pimp; literarybejewel, bedizen ";weapo
Originlate Middle English: from Old French embelliss-, lengthened stem of embellir, based on bel 'handsome,' from Latin bellus
synonyms: imitate, copy, mirror, echo, follow, model oneself on; match, equal, parallel, be on a par with, be in the same league as, come close to; compete with, contend with, rival, su
Origin late 16th century: from Latin aemulat- 'rivaled, equaled,' from the verb aemulari, from aemulus 'rival.'
a speech or piece of writing that praises someone or someth
synonyms: eulogy, panegyric, paean, accolade, tribute, testimonial; praise, acclaim, acclamation, homage ";the poet's encomium to the king";
Origin mid 16th century: Latin, from Greek enkōmion 'eulogy,' from en- 'within' + komos 'revel.'
synonyms: hamper, hinder, obstruct, impede, cramp, inhibit, restrict, limit, constrain, restrain, bog down, retard, slow [do
Origin Middle English [in the sense 'cause trouble to, entangle'; formerly also as incumber ]: from Old French encombrer 'block up,' from en- 'in' + combre 'river barrage.'
synonyms: exhaust, tire, fatigue, weary, wear out, devitalize, drain, sap, weaken, enfeeble, debilitate, incapacitate, prostrate; i
Origin early 17th century: from Latin enervat- 'weakened [by extraction of the sinews],' from the verb enervare, from e- [variant of ex- ] 'out of' + nervus 'sinew.'
synonyms:cause, be the cause of, give rise to, bring about, occasion, lead to, result in, produce, create, generate, arouse, rouse, inspire, provoke,
OriginMiddle English [formerly also as ingender ]: from Old French engendrer, from Latin ingenerare, from in- 'in' + generare 'beget' [see generate]
synonyms: urge, encourage, admonish, press; instruct, direct, require, order, command, tell, call on, demand, charge; formaladjure;
Origin Middle English [formerly also as injoin ]: from Old French enjoindre, from Latin injungere 'join, attach, impose,' from in- 'in, toward' + jungere 'to join.'
synonyms: witticism, quip, jest, pun, bon mot; saying, maxim, adage, aphorism, apophthegm; informalone-liner, wisecrack, [old] chestnut ";a collection of humorous
Origin late Middle English: from French épigramme, or Latin epigramma, from Greek, from epi 'upon, in addition' + gramma [see -gram1].
synonyms: composure, calm, level-headedness, self-possession, coolheadedness, presence of mind; serenity, tranquility, phlegm, imperturbability, equilibrium; poise
Origin early 17th century [also in the sense 'fairness, impartiality']: from Latin aequanimitas, from aequus 'equal' + animus 'mind.'
synonyms:fair, just, impartial, even-handed, unbiased, unprejudiced, egalitarian; disinterested, objective, neutral, nonpartisan, open-minded; informalfair and square ";a plan to distribute the burden of taxes in an equitable w
Originmid 16th century: from French équitable, from équité [see equity]
synonyms:eliminate, get rid of, remove, obliterate; exterminate, destroy, annihilate, kill, wipe out; abolish
Originlate Middle English [in the sense 'pull up by the roots']: from Latin eradicat- 'torn up by the roots,' from the verb eradicare, from e- [variant of ex- ] 'out' + radix, radic- 'root.
[of a product] made or used as a
synonyms: artificial, substitute, imitation, synthetic, fake, false, faux, mock, simulated; pseudo, sham, bogus, spurious, counterfeit; manufactured, man-made; informalphony, wannabe ";ersatz coffee";
Origin late 19th century: from German, literally 'replacement.'
synonyms:learned, scholarly, educated, knowledgeable, well read, well informed, intellectual; intelligent, clever, academic, literary; bookish, highbrow, sophisticated, ce
Originlate Middle English: from Latin eruditus, past participle of erudire 'instruct, train' [based on rudis 'rude, untrained']
synonyms: abstain from, refrain from, give up, forgo, shun, renounce, steer clear of, have nothing to do with, fight shy of; relinquish, reject, disavow, abandon
Origin late Middle English: from Old French eschiver, ultimately of Germanic origin and related to German scheuen 'shun,' also to shy1.
synonyms: abstruse, obscure, arcane, recherché, rarefied, recondite, abstract; enigmatic, inscrutable, cryptic, Delphic; complex, complicated, incomprehensible, o
Origin mid 17th century: from Greek esōterikos, from esōterō, comparative of esō 'within,' from es, eis 'into.' Compare with exoteric.
synonyms: vanishing, fading, evaporating, melting away, disappearing; ephemeral, fleeting, short-lived, short-term, transitory, transient, fugitive, tem
Origin early 18th century [in the sense 'almost imperceptible']: from Latin evanescent- 'disappearing,' from the verb evanescere [see evanesce].
synonyms:reveal, show, make plain, manifest, indicate, display, exhibit, demonstrate, evidence, attest to; convey, communicate, proclaim, bespeak; informalooze ";his letters ev
Originlate 16th century [in the sense 'prove by argument or evidence']: from Latin evincere 'overcome, defeat' [see evict]
synonyms:bring to mind, put one in mind of, conjure up, summon [up], invoke, elicit, induce, kindle, stimulate, stir up, awaken, arouse, call forth; recall, echo, capture ";the music
Originearly 17th century [sense 2]: from Latin evocare, from e- [variant of ex- ] 'out of, from' + vocare 'to call.
hold [someone or something] in very
synonyms: extol, praise, acclaim, esteem; pay homage to, revere, venerate, worship, lionize, idolize, look up to; informalput on a pedestal, laud ";they exalted their hero";
Origin late Middle English: from Latin exaltare, from ex- 'out, upward' + altus 'high.'
a thing characteristi
synonyms:specimen, sample, exemplar, exemplification, instance, case, illustration, case in point ";a fine example of Chinese porcelain"
Originlate Middle English: from Old French, from Latin exemplum, from eximere 'take out,' from ex- 'out' + emere 'take.' Compare with sample
synonyms: infuriate, incense, anger, annoy, irritate, madden, enrage, antagonize, provoke, irk, vex, get on someone's nerves, ruffle someone's feathers, rub the wrong way; infor
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin exasperat- 'irritated to anger,' from the verb exasperare [based on asper 'rough'].
synonyms: extract, part, section, piece, portion, snippet, clip, bit, sample; reading, citation, quotation, quote, line, passage ";an excerpt from the poem";
Origin mid 16th century [as a verb]: from Latin excerpt- 'plucked out,' from the verb excerpere, from ex- 'out of' + carpere 'to pluck.'
censure or criticize severely
synonyms: abrade, rub away, rub raw, scrape, scratch, chafe; strip away, skin ";the skin had been excoriated";
Origin late Middle English: from Latin excoriat- 'skinned,' from the verb excoriare, from ex- 'out, from' + corium 'skin, hide.'
synonyms: urge, encourage, call on, enjoin, charge, press; bid, appeal to, entreat, implore, beg; formaladjure; literarybeseech ";the president exhorted state legislatures to beef
Origin late Middle English: from Old French exhorter or Latin exhortari, from ex- 'thoroughly' + hortari 'encourage.'
synonyms: meager, inadequate, insufficient, small, scanty, paltry, negligible, modest, deficient, miserly, niggardly, beggarly; informalmeasly, stingy, piddling ";Bob Cratchit's exiguous wages";
Origin mid 17th century: from Latin exiguus 'scanty' [from exigere 'weigh exactly'] + -ous.
[of an object] designed to be used only once
synonyms: dispensable, replaceable, nonessential, inessential, unnecessary, noncore, unneeded, not required, superfluous, disposable ";an accountant decided Mathers was expendable"; disposable, throwaway, single-use ";an expendable satellite launcher";
synonyms: atone for, make amends for, make up for, do penance for, pay for, redress, redee
Origin late 16th century [in the sense 'end [rage, sorrow, etc.] by suffering it to the full']: from Latin expiat- 'appeased by sacrifice,' from the verb expiare, from ex- 'out' + piare [from pius 'pious'].
synonyms: explain, make explicit, clarify, make plain/clear, spell out, untangle; interpret, translate, elucidate, expound, illuminate, throw light on ";I'm not sure anyone could
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin explicat- 'unfolded,' from the verb explicare, from ex- 'out' + plicare 'to fold.'
a comprehensive description an
synonyms: explanation, description, elucidation, explication, interpretation; account, commentary, appraisal, assessment, discussion, exegesis ";a lucid exposition";
Origin Middle English: from Latin expositio[n-], from the verb exponere 'put out, exhibit, explain.'
synonyms: erase, remove, delete, rub out, wipe out, efface; cross out, strike out, blot out, destroy, obliterate, scratch, eradicate, eliminate, deep-six ";a moment that ca
Origin early 17th century: from Latin expungere 'mark for deletion by means of points,' from ex- 'out' + pungere 'to prick.'
synonyms:excuse, mitigate, palliate, make allowances for, make excuses for, defend, vindicate, justify; diminish, lessen, moderate, qualify, play down "
Originlate Middle English [in the sense 'make thin, emaciate']: from Latin extenuat- 'made thin,' from the verb extenuare [based on tenuis 'thin']
synonyms: weed out, destroy, eradicate, stamp out, root out, wipe out, eliminate, suppress, crush, put down, put an end to, get rid of ";the use of every legal measure to extirpate this horrible
Origin late Middle English [as extirpation ]: from Latin exstirpare, from ex- 'out' + stirps 'a stem.'
synonyms: praise enthusiastically, go into raptures about/over, wax lyrical about, sing the praises of, praise to the skies, acclaim, exalt, eulogize, adulate, rhapsodize over, rave about, enthuse about/ov
Origin late Middle English: from Latin extollere, from ex- 'out, upward' + tollere 'raise.'
synonyms: rejoice, be joyful, be happy, be delighted, be elated, be ecstatic, be overjoyed, be jubilant, be rapturous, be in raptures, be thrilled, jump for joy, be on c
Origin late 16th century: from Latin exsultare, frequentative of exsilire 'leap up,' from ex- 'out, upward' + salire 'to leap.'
synonyms:flippant, flip, glib, frivolous, tongue-in-cheek, ironic, sardonic, joking, jokey, jocular, playful, sportive, teasing, mischievous; witty,
Originlate 16th century [in the general sense 'witty, amusing']: from French facétieux, from facétie, from Latin facetia 'jest,' from facetus 'witty.
synonyms:flippant, flip, glib, frivolous, tongue-in-cheek, ironic, sardonic, joking, jokey, jocular, playful, sportive, teasing, mischievous; witty,
Originlate 16th century [in the general sense 'witty, amusing']: from French facétieux, from facétie, from Latin facetia 'jest,' from facetus 'witty.
synonyms: copy, reproduction, duplicate, photocopy, replica, likeness, print, reprin
Origin late 16th century [originally as fac simile, denoting the making of an exact copy, especially of writing]: modern Latin, from Latin fac! [imperative of facere 'make'] and simile [neuter of similis 'like'].
synonyms: clique, coterie, caucus, cabal, bloc, camp, group, grouping, sector, section, wing, arm, branch, set; ginger group, pressure group ";a faction of the pa
Origin late 15th century [denoting the action of doing or making something]: via French from Latin factio[n-], from facere 'do, make.'
synonyms: bogus, fake, specious, false, counterfeit, fraudulent, spurious, sham, mock, feigned, affected, pretended, contrived, engineered, inauthentic, ersa
Origin mid 17th century [in the general sense 'made by human skill or effort']: from Latin facticius 'made by art,' from facere 'do, make.'
synonyms: misconception, misbelief, delusion, mistaken impression, error, misapprehension, misinterpretation, m
Origin late 15th century [in the sense 'deception, guile'; gradually superseding Middle English fallace ]: from Latin fallacia, from fallax, fallac- 'deceiving,' from fallere 'deceive.'
synonyms: destiny, providence, the stars, chance, luck, serendipity, fortune, kismet, karma ";what has fate in store for me?";
Origin late Middle English: from Italian fato or Old French fat or [later] from their source, Latin fatum 'that which has been spoken,' from fari 'speak.'
silly and pointless
synonyms: silly, foolish, stupid, inane, idiotic, vacuous, asinine; pointless, senseless, ridiculous, ludicrous, absurd; informaldumb, daft ";the irritation of fatuous questions";
Origin early 17th century: from Latin fatuus 'foolish' + -ous.
synonyms: be obsequious to, be sycophantic to, curry favor with, flatter, play up to, crawl to, ingratiate oneself with, dance attendance on; informalsuck up to, be all over, brown-nose, toady
Origin late Middle English: from Old French faon, based on Latin fetus 'offspring'; compare with fetus.
synonyms: useless, worthless, incompetent, inept, good-for-nothing, ne'er-do-well; lazy, idle, slothful, indolent, irresponsible, shiftless; informalno-good, no-account ";the feckless
Origin late 16th century: from Scots and northern English dialect feck [from effeck, variant of effect] + -less.
of terrible evil or ferocity; deadly
synonyms: murderous, savage, violent, vicious, fierce, ferocious, barbarous, barbaric, monstrous, cruel, ruthless; archaicsanguinary ";a fell intent";
Origin Middle English: from Old French fel, nominative of felon 'wicked [person'] [see felon1].
synonyms: rummage, feel around, grope around, forage around, fish around/about, poke around/about; search through, hunt through, rifle through ";she ferreted
Origin late Middle English: from Old French fuiret, alteration of fuiron, based on late Latin furo 'thief, ferret,' from Latin fur 'thief.'
synonyms: fervent, ardent, passionate, impassioned, intense, vehement, wholehearted, heartfelt, sincere, earnest; literaryperfervid ";fervid protestations of love"
Origin late 16th century [in the sense 'glowing, hot']: from Latin fervidus, from fervere 'to boil.' Compare with fervent and fervor.
synonyms: stinking, smelly, foul-smelling, malodorous, reeking, pungent, acrid, high, rank, foul, noxious, humming; informalfunky; literarynoisome, miasmic, miasmal; i
Origin late Middle English: from Latin fetidus [often erroneously spelled foetidus ], from fetere 'to stink.' Compare with fetor.
intricate and refined delicacy
synonyms: skill, skillfulness, expertise, subtlety, flair, panache, elan, polish, artistry, virtuosity, mastery ";masterly finesse";
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'purity, delicacy']: from French, related to fine1.
synonyms: tire, grow tired/weary, weaken, grow weak, wilt, droop, fade, run out of steam ";they were flagging toward the finish"; fade, decline, wane, ebb, diminish, decrease, lessen,
Origin mid 16th century [in the sense 'flap about loosely, hang down']: related to obsolete flag 'hanging down.'
synonyms: blatant, glaring, obvious, overt, conspicuous, barefaced, shameless, brazen, undisguised, unconcealed; outrageous, scandalous, shocking, disgraceful,
Origin late 15th century [in the sense 'blazing, resplendent']: from French, or from Latin flagrant- 'blazing,' from the verb flagrare .
synonyms: defy, refuse to obey, disobey, break, violate, fail to comply with, fail to observe, contravene, infringe,
Origin mid 16th century: perhaps from Dutch fluiten 'whistle, play the flute, hiss [in derision']; German dialect pfeifen auf, literally 'pipe at,' has a similar extended meaning.
synonyms: unsettle, make nervous, unnerve, agitate, ruffle, upset, bother, put on edge, disquiet, disturb, worry, perturb, disconcert, confuse, throw o
Origin early 17th century [in the sense 'make slightly drunk']: perhaps of Scandinavian origin and related to Icelandic flaustra 'hurry, bustle.'
synonyms: instigate, incite, provoke, agitate, excite, stir up, whip up, encourage, urge, fan the flames of ";they were accused of fomenti
Origin late Middle English [sense 2]: from French fomenter, from late Latin fomentare, from Latin fomentum 'poultice, lotion,' from fovere 'to heat, cherish.'
synonyms: chance, adventitious, unexpected, unanticipated, unpredictable, unforeseen, unlooked-for, serendipitous, casual, incidental, coincidental, random, accidental, inadvertent, unintentional, uni
Origin mid 17th century: from Latin fortuitus, from forte 'by chance,' from fors 'chance, luck.'
synonyms: disturbance, brawl, melee, rumpus, skirmish, struggle, scuffle, scrum, clash, fisticuffs, altercation; informalscrap, dust-up, set-to, donnybrook; vulgar slangshitstorm ";the fracas in the alley
Origin early 18th century: French, from fracasser, from Italian fracassare 'make an uproar.'
synonyms: tiny part, fragment, snippet, snatch, smattering, selection ";only a fraction of the collection"; tiny amount, little, bit, touch, soupçon, trifle, mite,
Origin late Middle English: via Old French from ecclesiastical Latin fractio[n-] 'breaking [bread],' from Latin frangere 'to break.'
synonyms: grumpy, bad-tempered, irascible, irritable, crotchety, grouchy, cantankerous, short-tempered, tetchy, testy, curmudgeonly, ill-tempered, ill-humored, peevish, cross, waspish, crabby, crusty,
Origin late 17th century: from fraction, probably on the pattern of the pair faction, factious .
synonyms: thrifty, economical, careful, cautious, prudent, provident, unwasteful, sparing, scrimping; abstemious, abstinent, austere, self-denying, ascetic, monkish, spartan; parsimonious, mi
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin frugalis, from frugi 'economical, thrifty,' from frux, frug- 'fruit.'
synonyms: excessive, extravagant, overdone, immoderate, inordinate, over-appreciative, flattering, adulatory, fawning, unctuous, ingratiating, cloying, saccharine; enthusiastic, effusive, rapturous, glowing, gushing, profuse, g
Origin Middle English [in the sense 'abundant']: from full1 + -some1.
a series of shots fired or missiles throw
synonyms: salvo, volley, barrage, bombardment, cannonade, battery, burst, blast, hail, shower, rain, stream; historicalbroadside ";a fusillade of missiles";
Origin early 19th century: from French, from fusiller 'to shoot,' from fusil [see fusil1] + -ade1.
smelling stale, damp, or stuffy
synonyms: stale, musty, dusty; stuffy, airless, unventilated; damp, mildewed, mildewy ";the room smelt fusty";
Origin late 15th century: from Old French fuste 'smelling of the cask,' from fust 'cask, tree trunk,' from Latin fustis 'cudgel.'
synonyms: stratagem, scheme, plan, tactic, maneuver, move, course/line of action, device; machination, ruse, trick, ploy, wangle ";the most ambitious financial gambit in history";
Origin mid 17th century: originally gambett, from Italian gambetto, literally 'tripping up,' from gamba 'leg.'
synonyms: talkative, loquacious, voluble, verbose, chatty, chattering, gossipy; effusive, expansive, forthcoming, conversational, communicative; informalmouthy, gabby, gassy, windy, having the gift of [the
Origin early 17th century: from Latin garrulus [from garrire 'to chatter, prattle'] + -ous.
synonyms: awkward, gawky, inelegant, graceless, ungraceful, ungainly, maladroit, klutzy, inept; lacking in social grace[s], unsophisticated, uncultured, uncultivated, unrefined, raw, inexperienced, unworldly ";Rose was embarrassed by her gauche r
Origin mid 18th century: French, literally 'left.'
synonyms: relevant, pertinent, applicable, apposite, material; apropos, appropriate, apt, fitting, suitable; connected, related, akin
Origin early 17th century: variant of german, with which it was synonymous from Middle English. The current sense has arisen from a usage in Shakespeare's Hamlet .
encircle [a person or part of the
synonyms: surround, enclose, encircle, circle, encompass, border, bound, edge, skirt, fringe; close in, confine ";the island was girded by rocks";
Origin Old English gyrdan, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch gorden and German gürten, also to girdle and girth.
extract [information] from various sourc
synonyms: obtain, get, take, draw, derive, extract, cull, garner, gather; learn, find out ";what were you able to glean from questioning the witness?";
Origin late Middle English: from Old French glener, from late Latin glennare, probably of Celtic origin.
synonyms: slick, pat, fast-talking, smooth-talking; disingenuous, insincere, facile, shallow, superficial, flippant; smooth, silver-
Origin late 16th century [also in the sense 'smooth, unimpeded']: ultimately of Germanic origin; related to Dutch glibberig 'slippery' and German glibberig 'slimy.'
synonyms: pompous, bombastic, magniloquent, pretentious, ostentatious, high-flown, orotund, florid, flowery; overwro
Origin late 16th century: from Latin grandiloquus, literally 'grand-speaking,' from grandis 'grand' + loqui 'speak.' The ending was altered in English by association with eloquent.
[of a person] fond of company; sociab
synonyms: sociable, company-loving, convivial, companionable, outgoing, friendly, affable, amiable, genial, warm, comradely; informalchummy ";he was fun-loving and gregarious";
Origin mid 17th century: from Latin gregarius [from grex, greg- 'a flock'] + -ous.
a medium to large g
synonyms: grumble, complain, protest, whine, bleat, carp, cavil, make a fuss; informalmoan, bellyache, gripe, beef, bitch, grouch, sound off, kvetch ";she groused about the food";
Origin early 16th century: perhaps related to medieval Latin gruta or to Old French grue 'crane.'
synonyms: cunning, craftiness, craft, artfulness, art, artifice, wiliness, slyness, deviousness; wiles, ploys, schemes, stratagems, maneuvers, tricks, subterfuges, ruses; deception, deceit, duplicity, underhandedn
Origin Middle English: from Old French, probably from Old Norse; compare with wile.
synonyms: initiative, resourcefulness, enterprise, ingenuity, imagination; astuteness, shrewdness, acumen, sense, common sense, wit, mother wit, practicality; spirit, backbone, pluck, mettle, nerve, courage, wherewithal; informalget
Origin early 18th century [originally Scots]: of unknown origin.
move or cause to move in a circle or spiral, esp
synonyms: rotate, revolve, wheel, turn around, whirl, circle, pirouette, twirl, swirl, spin, swivel ";the disk gyrates atop an aluminum pole";
Origin early 19th century: from Latin gyrat- 'revolved,' from the verb gyrare, from Greek guros 'a ring.'
synonyms: happy, golden, idyllic, carefree, blissful, joyful, joyous, contented; flourishing, thriving, prosperous, successful; se
Origin late Middle English [in the mythological sense]: via Latin from Greek alkuōn 'kingfisher' [also halkuōn, by association with hals 'sea' and kuōn 'conceiving'].
synonyms: tirade, diatribe, lecture, polemic, rant, fulmination, broadside, attack, onslaught; crit
Origin late Middle English: from Old French arenge, from medieval Latin harenga, perhaps of Germanic origin. The spelling was later altered to conform with French harangue [noun], haranguer [verb].
feeling strained as a result of having demands persi
synonyms: attack, assail, assault; charge, rush, strike, set upon; bombard, shell, strafe ";they harried the retreating enemy";
Origin Old English herian, hergian, of Germanic origin, probably influenced by Old French harier, in the same sense.
leadership or dominance, especiall
synonyms: leadership, dominance, dominion, supremacy, authority, mastery, control, power, sway, rule, sovereignty ";the Prussian hegemony of the nineteenth century";
Origin mid 16th century: from Greek hēgemonia, from hēgemōn 'leader,' from hēgeisthai 'to lead.'
synonyms: odious, wicked, evil, atrocious, monstrous, abominable, detestable, contemptible, reprehensible, despicable, egregious, horrific, terrible, awful, abhorrent, loathsome, hideous, unspeakable, ex
Origin late Middle English: from Old French haineus, from hair 'to hate,' of Germanic origin.
synonyms: unorthodox, nonconformist, dissenting, dissident, rebellious, renegade; heretical, blasphemous, recusant, apostate, skeptical; f
Origin early 17th century [originally as a noun denoting an unorthodox opinion]: via late Latin from Greek heterodoxos, from heteros 'other' + doxa 'opinion.'
synonyms: pause, break, gap, lacuna, interval, intermission, interlude, interruption, suspension, lull, respite, time out, time off, recess; informalbreather, letup ";the sp
Origin mid 16th century [originally denoting a physical gap or opening]: from Latin, literally 'gaping,' from hiare 'gape.'
synonyms: melodramatic, theatrical, dramatic, exaggerated, stagy, actorly, showy, affected, artificial, overacted, overdone; informalhammy, ham, campy ";a
Origin mid 17th century [in the sense 'dramatically exaggerated, hypocritical']: from late Latin histrionicus, from Latin histrio[n-] 'actor.'
synonyms: masses, common people, populace, public, multitude, rank and file, lower order[s], plebeians, proletariat; mob; derogatoryrabble, riffraff, [great] unwashed, [common] herd, proles, plebs; humoroussheeple; historicalthird estate ";in da
Origin mid 17th century: Greek, literally 'the many
synonyms: sermon, lecture, discourse, address, lesson, talk, speech, oration ";a guest preacher delivered today's homily";
Origin late Middle English: via Old French from ecclesiastical Latin homilia, from Greek, 'discourse, conversation' [in ecclesiastical use, 'sermon'], from homilos 'crowd.'
synonyms: uniform, identical, unvaried, consistent, indistinguishable, homologous, homogenized; alike, similar, the same, much the same, all of a piece, melting-pot ";should the members of a society become so homogeneo
Origin late 19th century: from homo- 'same' + Greek genos 'race, kind' + -ous.
excessive pride or self-confidence
synonyms: arrogance, conceit, haughtiness, hauteur, pride, self-importance, egotism, pomposity, superciliousness, superiority; informalbig-headedness, cockiness ";the hubris among economists was shaken";
synonyms: peculiarity, oddity, eccentricity, mannerism, trait, singularity, quirk, tic, whim, vagary, caprice
Origin early 17th century [originally in the sense 'physical constitution peculiar to an individual']: from Greek idiosunkrasia, from idios 'own, private' + sun 'with' + krasis 'mixture.'
synonyms: idolization, fetishization, fetishism, idol worship, adulation, adoration, reverence, veneration, glorification, lionization, hero-worshiping ";the prophets rail
Origin Middle English: from Old French idolatrie, based on Greek eidōlolatreia, from eidōlon [see idol] + -latreia 'worship.'
synonyms: complicated situation, complication, problem, difficulty, predicament, trouble, confusion, quandary, entanglement, muddle, mess, quagmire, morass, sticky situation; informalbind, jam, pickle, fix, corner,
Origin mid 18th century: Italian, from imbrogliare 'confuse'; related to embroil.
synonyms: impending, close [at hand], near, [fast] approaching, coming, forthcoming, on the way, in the offing, in the pipeline, on the horizon, in the
Origin late Middle English: from Latin imminent- 'overhanging, impending,' from the verb imminere, from in- 'upon, toward' + minere 'to project.'
synonyms: penniless, poor, impoverished, indigent, insolvent, hard up, poverty-stricken, needy, destitute; in straitened circumstances, unable to make ends meet; i
Origin late 16th century: from in-1 'not' + obsolete pecunious 'having money, wealthy' [from Latin pecuniosus, from pecunia 'money'].
synonyms: hinder, obstruct, hamper, hold back/up, delay, interfere with, disrupt, retard, slow [down], hobble, cripple; block, check, stop, scupper, scuttle, thwart, frustrate, ba
Origin late 16th century: from Latin impedire 'shackle the feet of,' based on pes, ped- 'foot.' Compare with impeach.
synonyms: peremptory, high-handed, commanding, imperial, overbearing, overweening, domineering, authoritarian, dictatorial, autocratic, authoritativ
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin imperiosus, from imperium 'command, authority, empire'; related to imperare 'to command.' Compare with imperial.
synonyms:impulsive, rash, hasty, overhasty, reckless, heedless, careless, foolhardy, bullheaded, headstrong, incautious, imprudent, injudicious, ill-considered, unthought-out; spontan
Originlate Middle English: from Old French impetueux, from late Latin impetuosus, from impetere 'to assail, attack.
the force or energy with wh
synonyms:momentum, propulsion, impulsion, motive force, driving force, drive, thrust; energy, force, power, push, strength ";the flywheel lost all its impetus"
Originmid 17th century: from Latin, 'assault, force,' from impetere 'assail,' from in- 'toward' + petere 'seek.
synonyms: unappeasable, unforgiving, unsparing; inexorable, intransigent, inflexible, unyielding, unbending, uncompromising, unrelenting, relentless, ruthless, remorseless, merciless, heartless, pitil
Origin late Middle English: from Latin implacabilis, from in- 'not' + placabilis [see placable].
synonyms: plead with, beg, entreat, beseech, appeal to, ask, request, call on; exhort, urge, enjoin, press, push, petition, bid, importune; supplicate ";his mother implored him to continue studying";
Origin early 16th century: from French implorer or Latin implorare 'invoke with tears.'
synonyms: beg, beseech, entreat, implore, plead with, appeal to, call on, lobby; harass, pester, press, badger, bother, nag, harry; informalhassle,
Origin mid 16th century: from French importuner or medieval Latin importunari, from Latin importunus 'inconvenient, unseasonable' [see importunate].
synonyms: impertinent, insolent, cheeky, cocky, brazen, bold, audacious; presumptuous, forward, disrespectful, insubordinate, bumptious, b
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'immodest, indelicate']: from Latin impudent-, from in- 'not' + pudent- 'ashamed, modest' [from pudere 'be ashamed'].
synonyms:immunity, indemnity, exemption [from punishment], freedom from liability, nonliability, license; amnesty, dispensation, reprieve, pardon, exoneration; stay of execut
Originmid 16th century: from Latin impunitas, from impunis 'unpunished,' from in- 'not' + poena 'penalty' or punire 'punish.
synonyms: imprison, put in prison, send to prison, jail, lock up, put under lock and key, put away, intern, confine, detain, hold, immure, put in chains, hold
Origin mid 16th century: from medieval Latin incarcerat- 'imprisoned,' from the verb incarcerare, from in- 'into' + Latin carcer 'prison.'
synonyms: penetrating, acute, sharp, sharp-witted, razor-sharp, keen, astute, trenchant, shrewd, piercing, cutting, perceptive, insightful, percipient, per
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'cutting, penetrating']: from medieval Latin incisivus, from Latin incidere 'cut into' [see incise].
synonyms: indisputable, incontestable, undeniable, irrefutable, unassailable, beyond dispute, unquestionable, beyond question, indubitable, beyond doubt, unarguable, undebatable; certain, sure, definite, definitive, proven, decisive, conclusive, demonstrable, emphatic, categorical, airtight, water synonyms: grow, get bigger, get larger, enlarge, expand, swell; rise, climb, escalate, soar, surge, rocket, shoot up, spiral; intensify, strengthen, extend, he
Origin Middle English [formerly also as encrease ]: from Old French encreistre, from Latin increscere, from in- 'into' + crescere 'grow.'
synonyms:disbelieving, skeptical, unbelieving, distrustful, mistrustful, suspicious, doubtful, dubious, unconvinced; cynical ";we were incredulous when the congressman was
Originlate 16th century: from Latin incredulus [from in- 'not' + credulus 'believing, trusting,' from credere 'believe'] + -ous
synonyms: tireless, untiring, unflagging, unwearied; determined, tenacious, dogged, single-minded, assiduous, industrious, hard-working, unswerving, unfaltering, u
Origin early 17th century: from French, or from Latin indefatigabilis, from in- 'not' + de- 'away, completely' + fatigare 'wear out.'
security or protection against a loss or
synonyms: insurance, assurance, protection, security, indemnification, surety, guarantee, warranty, safeguard ";indemnity against loss";
Origin late Middle English: from French indemnite, from late Latin indemnitas, from indemnis 'unhurt, free from loss.'
synonyms: charge with, accuse of, arraign for, take to court for, put on trial for, bring to trial for, prosecute for; cite for, impe
Origin Middle English endite, indite, from Anglo-Norman French enditer, based on Latin indicere 'proclaim, appoint,' from in- 'toward' + dicere 'pronounce, utter.'
synonyms: poor, impecunious, destitute, penniless, impoverished, insolvent, poverty-stricken; needy, in need, hard up, disadvanta
Origin late Middle English: via Old French from late Latin indigent- 'lacking,' from the verb indigere, from indi- [strengthened form of in- 'into'] + egere 'to need.'
synonyms:lazy, idle, slothful, loafing, do-nothing, sluggardly, shiftless, lackadaisical, languid, inactive, underactive, inert, sluggish, lethargic, to
Originmid 17th century: from late Latin indolent-, from in- 'not' + dolere 'suffer or give pain.' The sense 'idle' arose in the early 18th century
synonyms: relentless, unstoppable, inescapable, inevitable, unavoidable, irrevocable, unalterable; persistent, continuous, nonstop, steady, interminable, incessant, unceasing, u
Origin mid 16th century: from French, or from Latin inexorabilis, from in- 'not' + exorabilis [from exorare 'entreat'].
synonyms: intrinsic, innate, immanent, built-in, indwelling, inborn, ingrained, deep-rooted; essential, fundamental, basic, structural, organic; natural, instinctive
Origin late 16th century: from Latin inhaerent- 'sticking to,' from the verb inhaerere, from in- 'in, toward' + haerere 'to stick.'
synonyms: harmful, injurious, detrimental, deleterious, prejudicial, damaging, hurtful, destructive, ruinous, pernicious; antagonistic, contrary, antipathetic, unfavorable, adverse, opposed; hostile, unkind, u
Origin early 16th century: from late Latin inimicalis, from Latin inimicus [see enemy].
synonyms: harmless, safe, nontoxic, innocent; edible, eatable ";an innocuous fungus"; inoffensive, unobjectionable, unexceptionable, harmless, mild, tame, anodyne, soft-focus ";an innocuous comment";
Origin late 16th century: from Latin innocuus, from in- 'not' + nocuus 'injurious' [see nocuous].
synonyms: excessive, undue, unreasonable, unjustifiable, unwarrantable, disproportionate, unwarranted, unnecessary, needless, uncalled for, gratuitous, exorbitan
Origin late Middle English: from Latin inordinatus, from in- 'not' + ordinatus 'arranged, set in order' [past participle of ordinare ].
synonyms: stealthy, subtle, surreptitious, cunning, crafty, treacherous, artful, sly, wily, shifty, underhanded, indirect; informalsneaky ";
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin insidiosus 'cunning,' from insidiae 'an ambush or trick,' from insidere 'lie in wait for,' from in- 'on' + sedere 'sit.'
synonyms: nonchalance, unconcern, indifference, heedlessness, calm, equanimity, composure, ease, airiness; informalcool ";through his own profligacy and insouciance in raising
Origin late 18th century: French, from insouciant, from in- 'not' + souciant 'worrying' [present participle of soucier ].
synonyms: rebellion, revolt, uprising, mutiny, revolution, insurgence, riot, sedition, subversion; civil disorder, unrest, anarchy; coup [d'état] ";the suspects all escaped after a prison insurre
Origin late Middle English: via Old French from late Latin insurrectio[n-], from insurgere 'rise up.'
synonyms:mediate, intermediate, arbitrate, conciliate, negotiate, moderate; intervene, interpose, step in, act; plead, petition, advocate ";a third party was called in to intercede"
Originlate 16th century: from French intercéder or Latin intercedere 'intervene,' from inter- 'between' + cedere 'go.
synonyms: announce, state, proclaim, declare, make known, make public, publicize, disclose, reveal, divulge, set forth ";he intimated to the com
Origin early 16th century [earlier [late Middle English] as intimation ]: from late Latin intimat- 'made known,' from the verb intimare [see intimate1].
synonyms: fearless, unafraid, undaunted, unflinching, unshrinking, bold, daring, gallant, audacious, adventurous, heroic, dynamic, spirited, indomitable; brave, courageous, valiant, valorous,
Origin late 17th century: from French intrépide or Latin intrepidus, from in- 'not' + trepidus 'alarmed.'
synonyms: encroach on, impinge on, interfere in, trespass on/upon, infringe on, obtrude on/into, invade, violate, disturb, disrupt, interrupt; me
Origin mid 16th century [in the sense 'usurp an office or right'; originally as entrude ]: from Latin intrudere, from in- 'into' + trudere 'to thrust.'
synonyms: overwhelm, overrun, overload, bog down, swamp, besiege, snow under, bombard, glut ";we have been inundated with complaints";
Origin late 16th century: from Latin inundat- 'flooded,' from the verb inundare, from in- 'into, upon' + undare 'to flow' [from unda 'a wave'].
synonyms: harden, toughen, season, temper, condition; accustom, habituate, familiarize, acclimatize, adjust, adapt, desensitize ";t
Origin late Middle English inure, enure, from an Anglo-Norman French phrase meaning 'in use or practice,' from en 'in' + Old French euvre 'work' [from Latin opera ].
synonyms: entice, tempt, lure, seduce, beguile; wheedle, cajole, coax, persuade; informalsweet-talk, soft-
Origin late 15th century [in the sense 'beguile, deceive'; formerly also as enveigle ]: from Anglo-Norman French envegler, alteration of Old French aveugler 'to blind,' from aveugle 'blind.'
synonyms: irritable, quick-tempered, short-tempered, hot-tempered, testy, touchy, tetchy, edgy, crabby, petulant, waspish, dyspeptic, snappish; cross, surly, crusty, grouchy, grum
Origin late Middle English: via French from late Latin irascibilis, from Latin irasci 'grow angry,' from ira 'anger.'
synonyms: opalescent, nacreous; shimmering, luminous, glittering, sparkling, dazzling, shining, gleaming, glowing, lustrous, scintillating; kaleidoscopic, rainbow-colored, multicolored; literaryglistering, coruscating, effulgen
Origin late 18th century: from Latin iris, irid- 'rainbow' + -escent.
synonyms: traveling, peripatetic, wandering, roving, roaming, touring, saddlebag, nomadic, gypsy, migrant, vagrant
Origin late 16th century [used to describe a judge traveling on a circuit]: from late Latin itinerant- 'traveling,' from the verb itinerari, from Latin iter, itiner- 'journey, road.'
a military or polit
synonyms:faction, cabal, clique, camarilla, party, set, ring, gang, league, confederacy ";the press is censored and controlled by the military junta"
Originearly 17th century [sense 2]: from Spanish and Portuguese, from Latin juncta, feminine past participle of jungere 'to join.
praise and honor received f
synonyms: praise, glory, honor, status, standing, distinction, fame, celebrity; admiration, respect, esteem, acclaim, prestige, cachet, credit, full marks, props ";kudos to you for a lifetime of quiet courage and unwavering generosity";
Origin late 18th century: Greek.
tear or make deep cuts in [flesh or skin]
synonyms:cut [open], gash, slash, tear, rip, rend, shred; score, scratch, scrape, graze; wound, injure, hurt ";the nail has lacerated his left arm"
Originlate Middle English: from Latin lacerat- 'mangled,' from the verb lacerare, from lacer 'mangled, torn.
synonyms: lethargic, apathetic, listless, sluggish, spiritless, passionless; careless, lazy, lax, unenthusiastic, halfhearted, lukewarm, indifferent, unconcern
Origin mid 18th century [also in the sense 'feebly sentimental']: from the archaic interjection lackaday, lackadaisy [see alack] + -ical.
synonyms: brief, concise, terse, succinct, short, pithy ";his laconic comment"; taciturn, uncommunicative, reticent, quiet, reserved, s
Origin mid 16th century [in the sense 'Laconian']: via Latin from Greek Lakōnikos, from Lakōn 'Laconia, Sparta,' the Spartans being known for their terse speech.
synonyms: criticize, chastise, censure, take to task, harangue, rail at, rant at, fulminate against; upbraid, scold, reprimand, rebuke, castigate, chide, reprove, admonis
Origin mid 17th century [in the sense 'beat, thrash']: from lam1 + baste3. The current sense dates from the late 19th century.
[of a person, manner, or gest
synonyms: relaxed, unhurried, languorous, slow; listless, lethargic, sluggish, lazy, idle, indolent, apathetic; informallaid-back ";a languid wave of the hand";
Origin late 16th century [sense 2]: from French languide or Latin languidus, from languere [see languish].
synonyms:theft, stealing, robbery, pilfering, thieving; burglary, housebreaking, breaking and entering; informalfilching, swiping, pinching; formalpecul
Originlate 15th century: from Old French larcin, from Latin latrocinium, from latro[n-] 'robber,' earlier 'mercenary soldier,' from Greek latreus
synonyms:lecherous, lewd, lustful, licentious, libidinous, salacious, lubricious, prurient, dirty, smutty, naughty, indecent, ribald; informalblue; formalconcupiscent ";his las
Originlate Middle English: from late Latin lasciviosus, from Latin lascivia 'lustfulness,' from lascivus 'lustful, wanton.
a state of physical or mental weariness; lack of energy
synonyms: lethargy, listlessness, weariness, languor, sluggishness, tiredness, fatigue, torpor, lifelessness, apathy ";prolonged periods of lassitude";
Origin late Middle English: from French, from Latin lassitudo, from lassus 'tired.'
synonyms: sumptuous, luxurious, costly, expensive, opulent, grand, splendid, rich, fancy, posh; informalfancy-schmancy ";lavish parties";
Origin late Middle English [as a noun denoting profusion]: from Old French lavasse 'deluge of rain,' from laver 'to wash,' from Latin lavare .
cautious or wary due to realistic suspicions
synonyms: wary, cautious, careful, guarded, chary, suspicious, distrustful; worried, anxious, apprehensive, hesitant, uncertain ";be leery of these slick salesmen";
Origin late 17th century: from obsolete leer 'looking askance,' from leer + -y1.
synonyms: sluggishness, inertia, inactivity, inaction, slowness, torpor, torpidity, lifelessness, listlessness, languor, laziness, idlen
Origin late Middle English: via Old French from late Latin lethargia, from Greek lēthargia, from lēthargos 'forgetful,' from the base of lanthanesthai 'forget.'
a person, especially a man, who behaves w
synonyms:philanderer, playboy, rake, roué, Don Juan, Lothario, Casanova, Romeo; lecher, seducer, womanizer, adulterer, debauchee, profligate, wanton; informalskirt-chaser, tomcat, horndog, ladykiller, lech, wolf; formalfornicator ";an unrepentant libertine"
[of a ship] lean to one side, typically because of a leak or unbalanced cargo
synonyms: lean, lean over, tilt, tip, heel, heel over, keel over, careen, cant, pitch, incline, slant, slope, bank ";the boat listed to one side";
Origin early 17th century: of unknown origin.
[especially of a person's body] thin, su
synonyms: agile, graceful, supple, limber, lithesome, loose-limbed, nimble, deft, flexible, lissome, slender, slim, willowy ";lithe dancers";
Origin Old English līthe 'gentle, meek,' also 'mellow,' of Germanic origin; related to German lind 'soft, gentle.'
synonyms: talkative, voluble, communicative, expansive, garrulous, unreserved, chatty, gossipy, gossiping; informalhaving the gift of [the] gab, gabby, gassy, motormouthed, talky, windy ";a loquacious little boy";
Origin mid 17th century: from Latin loquax, loquac- [from loqui 'talk'] + -ious.
synonyms: intelligible, comprehensible, understandable, cogent, coherent, articulate; clear, transparent; plain, simple, vivid, sharp, straightforwar
Origin late 16th century [sense 2]: from Latin lucidus [perhaps via French lucide or Italian lucido ], from lucere 'shine,' from lux, luc- 'light.'
synonyms: absurd, ridiculous, farcical, laughable, risible, preposterous, foolish, mad, insane, idiotic, stupid, inane, silly, asinine, nonsensical; informalc
Origin early 17th century [in the sense 'sportive, intended as a jest']: from Latin ludicrus [probably from ludicrum 'stage play'] + -ous.
synonyms: mournful, gloomy, sad, unhappy, doleful, glum, melancholy, woeful, miserable, woebegone, forlorn, somber, solemn, serious, sorrowful, morose, dour, cheerless, joyless, dismal; funereal, sepulchral; informaldown
Origin early 17th century: from Latin lugubris [from lugere 'mourn'] + -ous.
synonyms: lurch, stumble, trundle, shamble, shuffle, waddle; trudge, clump, stump, plod, tramp, tromp; informalgalumph ";elephants lumbered past"; clumsy, awkward, heavy-footed, slow, blundering, bumbling, inept, maladroit, u
Origin late Middle English lomere, perhaps symbolic of clumsy movement.
synonyms: shining, bright, brilliant, radiant, dazzling, glowing, gleaming, scintillating, lustrous; luminescent, phosphorescent, fluorescent, incandescent ";the luminous face of the alarm clock";
Origin late Middle English: from Old French lumineux or Latin luminosus, from lumen, lumin- 'light.'
very vivid in co
synonyms: bright, brilliant, vivid, glaring, shocking, fluorescent, flaming, dazzling, intense; gaudy, loud, showy, bold, garish, tacky ";lurid colors";
Origin mid 17th century [in the sense 'pale and dismal in color']: from Latin luridus ; related to luror 'wan or yellow color.'
synonyms: gruesome, grisly, grim, gory, morbid, ghastly, unearthly, grotesque, hideous,
Origin late 19th century: from French macabre, from Danse Macabre 'dance of death,' from Old French, perhaps from Macabé 'a Maccabee,' with reference to a miracle play depicting the slaughter of the Maccabees.
a stay that extends from the maintop to the foot of the foremast of a sailing
synonyms: central component, central figure, centerpiece, prop, linchpin, cornerstone, pillar, bulwark, buttress, chief support, backbone, anchor, foundation, base, staple ";agriculture is the mainstay of their economy";
synonyms: troublemaker, mischief-maker, agitator, dissident, rebel, rabble-rouser; discontent, complainer, grumbler, moaner, whiner; informalgrouch, grump, bellyacher, kvetch, squeaky wheel ";a group of malcontents"
Origin late 16th century: from French, from mal 'badly, ill' + content 'pleased.'
synonyms: malicious, hostile, evil-minded, baleful, evil-intentioned, venomous, evil, malign, malignant, rancorous, vicious, vindictive, vengeful; literarymalefic, malefic
Origin early 16th century: from Latin malevolent- 'wishing evil,' from male 'ill' + volent- 'wishing' [from the verb velle ].
a metal band, chain, or shackle for fa
synonyms:handcuffs, shackles, chains, irons, fetters, restraints, bonds; informalcuffs, bracelets ";he claimed there were no manacles that could hold him"
OriginMiddle English: from Old French manicle 'handcuff,' from Latin manicula, diminutive of manus 'hand.
synonyms: individualist, nonconformist, free spirit, unorthodox person, original, eccentric; rebel, dissenter, dissident, enfant terrible; informalcowboy, loose canno
Origin mid 19th century: from the name of Samuel A. Maverick [1803-70], a Texas engineer and rancher who did not brand his cattle.
synonyms: sentimental, oversentimental, maudlin, cloying, sickly, saccharine, sugary, oversweet, syrupy, nauseating; informalmushy, slushy, sloppy, schmaltzy, wee
Origin mid 17th century [in the sense 'inclined to sickness']: from obsolete mawk 'maggot,' from Old Norse mathkr, of Germanic origin.
synonyms: sadness, sorrow, unhappiness, woe, desolation, melancholia, dejection, depression, desponden
Origin Middle English: from Old French melancolie, via late Latin from Greek melankholia, from melas, melan- 'black' + kholē 'bile,' an excess of which was formerly believed to cause depression.
synonyms: lying, untruthful, dishonest, deceitful, false, dissembling, insincere, disingenuous, hypocritical, fraudulent, double-dealing, two-faced, Janus-faced, two-timing, duplicitous, perjured; u
Origin early 17th century: from Latin mendax, mendac- 'lying' [related to mendum 'fault'] + -ious.
[of a person or their behavio
synonyms: money-oriented, grasping, greedy, acquisitive, avaricious, covetous, bribable, venal, materialistic; informalmoney-grubbing ";mercenary self-interest";
Origin late Middle English [as a noun]: from Latin mercenarius 'hireling,' from merces, merced- 'reward.'
synonyms:worthless, valueless, cheap, tawdry, trashy, Brummagem, tasteless, kitsch, kitschy; false, artificial, fake, imitation; informaltacky, chintzy ";the meretriciou
Originearly 17th century: from Latin meretricius [adjective from meretrix, meretric- 'prostitute,' from mereri 'be hired'] + -ous
synonyms: spirit, fortitude, strength of character, moral fiber, steel, determination, resolve, resolution, backbone, grit, true grit, courage, courageousness, bravery, valor, fearlessness, daring; informalguts,
Origin mid 16th century: specialized spelling [used for figurative senses] of metal.
a highly unpleasant or unhealthy smell or vapor
synonyms:stink, reek, stench, fetor, smell, fume, odor, whiff; gas, cloud, smog, vapor ";the miasma from the stagnant swamp made us choke and gag"
Originmid 17th century: from Greek, literally 'defilement,' from miainein 'pollute.
a person's socia
synonyms: environment, sphere, background, backdrop, setting, context, atmosphere; location, conditions, surroundings, environs; informalstomping grounds, stamping grounds, turf ";the political milieu in New England";
Origin mid 19th century: French, from mi 'mid' + lieu 'place.'
synonyms: merriment, high spirits, cheerfulness, cheeriness, hilarity, glee, laughter, gaiety, buoyancy, blitheness, euphoria, exhilaration, lightheartedness, joviality, joy, joyfulness, joyousness ";we could not hold back our mirth
Origin Old English myrgth, of Germanic origin; related to merry.
synonyms: criminal, culprit, wrongdoer, malefactor, offender, villain, lawbreaker, evildoer, del
Origin Middle English [as an adjective in the sense 'disbelieving']: from Old French mescreant, present participle of mescreire 'disbelieve,' from mes- 'mis-' + creire 'believe' [from Latin credere ].
synonyms: alleviate, reduce, diminish, lessen, weaken, lighten, attenuate, take the edge off, allay, ease, assuage, palliate, relieve, tone down ";the worst symptoms have been mitiga
Origin late Middle English: from Latin mitigat- 'softened, alleviated,' from the verb mitigare, from mitis 'mild.'
synonyms: small amount, particle, speck, fragment, scrap, crumb, grain, morsel, shred, dash, drop, pinch, soupçon, jot, iota, whit, atom, smattering, scintilla, hint, suggestion, tinge; informalsmidgen, tad
Origin late 15th century: from Latin, neuter of modicus 'moderate,' from modus 'measure.'
[especially of humor] ha
synonyms: caustic, trenchant, biting, cutting, acerbic, sardonic, sarcastic, scathing, acid, sharp, keen; critical, bitter, virulent, vitriolic ";a mordant sense of humor";
Origin late 15th century: from French, present participle of mordre 'to bite,' from Latin mordere .
synonyms:sullen, sulky, gloomy, bad-tempered, ill-tempered, dour, surly, sour, glum, moody, ill-humored, melancholy, melancholic, brooding, broody, doleful, miserable, depressed, dejected, despondent, downcast, unhappy, l
Originmid 16th century: from Latin morosus 'peevish,' from mos, mor- 'manner.
synonyms: sullen, sulky, gloomy, bad-tempered, ill-tempered, dour, surly, sour, glum, moody, ill-humored, melancholy, melancholic, brooding, broody, doleful, miserable, depressed, dejected, despondent, downcast, unhap
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin morosus 'peevish,' from mos, mor- 'manner.'
synonyms:generous, bountiful, openhanded, magnanimous, philanthropic, princely, handsome, lavish, liberal, charitable, big-hearted, beneficent; literarybounteous ";a munif
Originlate 16th century: from Latin munificent-, stem of munificentior, comparative of munificus 'bountiful,' from munus 'gift.
liable to change
synonyms: changeable, variable, varying, fluctuating, shifting, inconsistent, unpredictable, inconstant, fickle, uneven, unstable, protean; literaryfluctuant ";the mutable nature of fashion";
Origin late Middle English: from Latin mutabilis, from mutare 'to change.'
synonyms:a multitude, a large/great number, a large/great quantity, scores, quantities, a mass, a host, droves, a horde; informallots, loads, masses, stacks, scads, tons, hundreds, thousand
Originmid 16th century [sense 2 of the noun]: via late Latin from Greek murias, muriad-, from murioi '10,000.
synonyms: innocent, unsophisticated, artless, ingenuous, inexperienced, guileless, unworldly, trusting; gullible, credulous, immature, callow, raw, green, wide-eyed; informalwet behind the ears, bo
Origin mid 17th century: from French naïve, feminine of naïf, from Latin nativus 'native, natural.'
[especially of a process or organization] ju
synonyms: just beginning, budding, developing, growing, embryonic, incipient, young, fledgling, evolving, emergent, dawning, burgeoning ";the nascent economic recovery";
Origin early 17th century: from Latin nascent- 'being born,' from the verb nasci .
synonyms:discuss terms, talk, consult, parley, confer, debate; compromise; mediate, intercede, arbitrate, moderate, conciliate; barga
Originearly 17th century: from Latin negotiat- 'done in the course of business,' from the verb negotiari, from negotium 'business,' from neg- 'not' + otium 'leisure.
synonyms: calm, composed, unconcerned, cool, 'calm, cool, and collected', cool as a cucumber; indifferent, blasé, dispassionate, apathetic, casual, insouciant; informallaid-back ";she acts nonchalant
Origin mid 18th century: from French, literally 'not being concerned,' from the verb nonchaloir .
synonyms: incomparable, matchless, unrivaled, unparalleled, unequaled, peerless, beyond compare, second to none, unsurpassed, unbeatable, inimitable; unique,
Origin late Middle English: from French, from non- 'not' + pareil 'equal' [from popular Latin pariculus, diminutive of Latin par 'equal'].
a medicine, especial
synonyms: medicine, patent medicine, potion, elixir, panacea, cure-all, wonder drug, quack remedy; informalmagic bullet ";they have to prove their nostrums work";
Origin early 17th century: from Latin, used in the sense '[something] of our own making,' neuter of noster 'our.'
synonyms: poisonous, toxic, deadly, harmful, dangerous, pernicious, damaging, destructive; unpleasant, nasty, disgusting, awful, dreadful, horrible, terrible; vile, revolting, foul, nauseating, appalling, offensive; malodorous
Origin late 15th century: from Latin noxius [from noxa 'harm'] + -ous.
synonyms: stubborn, obstinate, intransigent, inflexible, unyielding, unbending, pigheaded, bullhea
Origin late Middle English [originally in the sense 'hardened in sin, impenitent']: from Latin obduratus, past participle of obdurare, from ob- 'in opposition' + durare 'harden' [from durus 'hard'].
synonyms: respect, homage, worship, adoration, reverence, veneration, honor, submission, deference ";he made a very formal, elaborate gesture of obeisance";
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'obedience']: from Old French obeissance, from obeissant 'obeying,' present participle of obeir .
synonyms: vilification, opprobrium, vituperation, condemnation, denunciation, abuse, criticism, censure, defamation, denigration, calumny, insults; informalflak; formalca
Origin late Middle English: from late Latin obloquium 'contradiction,' from Latin obloqui, from ob- 'against' + loqui 'speak.'
synonyms: unclear, uncertain, unknown, in doubt, doubtful, dubious, mysterious, hazy, vague, indeterminate, concealed, hidden ";the truth is that many aspects of a war's out
Origin late Middle English: from Old French obscur, from Latin obscurus 'dark,' from an Indo-European root meaning 'cover.'
synonyms: servile, ingratiating, sycophantic, fawning, unctuous, oily, oleaginous, groveling, cringing, subservient, submissive, slavish; inf
Origin late 15th century [not depreciatory in sense in early use]: from Latin obsequiosus, from obsequium 'compliance,' from obsequi 'follow, comply with.'
synonyms:stubborn, unyielding, inflexible, unbending, intransigent, intractable, obdurate, mulish, bullheaded, stubborn as a mule, pigheaded, self-willed, strong-willed, headstrong, willful, contrary, perverse, reca
OriginMiddle English: from Latin obstinatus, past participle of obstinare 'persist.
synonyms: unruly, unmanageable, disorderly, undisciplined, uncontrollable, rowdy, disruptive, truculent, difficult, refractory, rebelliou
Origin late 16th century [in the sense 'clamorous, vociferous']: from Latin obstreperus [from obstrepere, from ob- 'against' + strepere 'make a noise'] + -ous.
synonyms: get, acquire, come by, secure, procure, come into the possession of, pick up, be given; gain, earn, achieve, attain; informalget hold of, get/lay one's hands on, get one's mitts on, land, net ";the
Origin late Middle English: from Old French obtenir, from Latin obtinere 'obtain, gain.'
synonyms: stupid, slow-witted, slow, dull-witted, unintelligent, ignorant, simpleminded, witless; insensitive, imperceptive, uncomprehending; informaldim, dimwitted, de
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'blunt']: from Latin obtusus, past participle of obtundere 'beat against' [see obtund].
synonyms: preclude, prevent, remove, get rid of, do away with, get around, rule out, eliminate, make/render unnecessary ";our latest agreement obviates any further discussion of the mat
Origin late 16th century: from late Latin obviat- 'prevented,' from the verb obviare, based on Latin via 'way.'
stop, close up, or obstruct [an opening, orifice, or passage]
synonyms: block [up], stop [up], obstruct, clog [up], close, shut, plug [up], choke ";a blood clot has occluded the coronary artery";
Origin late 16th century: from Latin occludere 'shut up.'
synonyms: disgust, abhorrence, repugnance, revulsion, loathing, detestation, hatred, hate, obloquy, dislike, distaste, disfavor, antipathy, animosity, animus, enmity, hostility, contempt; disgrace, shame, opprobrium,
Origin early 17th century: from Latin, 'hatred,' from the verb stem od- 'hate.'
synonyms: burdensome, arduous, strenuous, difficult, hard, severe, heavy, back-breaking, oppressive, weighty, uphill, challenging, formidable, laborious, Herculean, exhausting, tiring, taxing, dem
Origin late Middle English: from Old French onereus, from Latin onerosus, from onus, oner- 'burden.'
not able to be
synonyms: nontransparent, cloudy, filmy, blurred, smeared, smeary, misty, hazy; dirty, muddy, muddied, grimy ";opaque glass";
Origin late Middle English opake, from Latin opacus 'darkened.' The current spelling [rare before the 19th century] has been influenced by the French form.
synonyms: vilification, abuse, vituperation, condemnation, criticism, censure, denunciation, defamation, denigration, castigation, disparagement, obloquy, derogation, slander,
Origin mid 17th century: from Latin, literally 'infamy,' from opprobrum, from ob- 'against' + probrum 'disgraceful act.'
synonyms: luxurious, sumptuous, palatial, lavish, lavishly appointed, rich, splendid, magnificent, grand, grandiose, fancy; informalplush, classy, ritzy, posh, swanky, swank ";
Origin mid 16th century [in the sense 'wealthy, affluent']: from Latin opulent- 'wealthy, splendid,' from opes 'wealth.'
an opening, as of a pipe or tube, or one in the body, such as a nostril or the anus
synonyms: opening, hole, aperture, slot, slit, cleft ";the orifice must be kept free from debris";
Origin late Middle English: from French, from late Latin orificium, from os, or- 'mouth' + facere 'make.'
synonyms: grouchy, grumpy, cranky, crotchety, cantankerous, bad-tempered, ill-tempered, dyspeptic, irascible, waspish; truculent, cussed, stubborn ";they finally realized that his illness was what had made him s
Origin early 19th century: variant of ordinary, representing a dialect pronunciation.
[of the voice or phrasing] full, round, and imposing
synonyms: deep, sonorous, strong, powerful, full, rich, resonant, loud, booming ";an orotund singing voice";
Origin late 18th century: from Latin ore rotundo 'with rounded mouth.'
synonyms:exclude, shun, spurn, cold-shoulder, reject, shut out, avoid, ignore, snub, cut dead, keep at arm's length, leave out in the cold; blackba
Originmid 17th century: from Greek ostrakizein, from ostrakon 'shell or potsherd' [on which names were written, in voting to banish unpopular citizens]
synonyms: weird, queer, far out, quirky, zany, eccentric, idiosyncratic, unconventional, unorthodox, funny, bizarre, unusual, singular, extraordinary, strange, unfamiliar, peculiar, odd, curious; More informaloffbeat, off t
Origin Old English ūtlendisc 'not native,' from ūtland 'foreign country.'
showing excessive confidence or pride
synonyms: overconfident, conceited, cocksure, cocky, smug, haughty, supercilious, lofty, patronizing, arrogant, proud, vain, self-important, imperious, overbearing; informalhigh and mighty, uppish
synonyms: fuss, commotion, trouble, rigmarole, folderol; informalsong and dance, performance, to-do, carrying-on, hoo-ha, hullabaloo, b
Origin mid 18th century [in the sense 'a talk between tribespeople and traders']: from Portuguese palavra 'word,' from Latin parabola 'comparison' [see parable].
make [a disease
synonyms: alleviate, ease, relieve, soothe, take the edge off, assuage, moderate, temper, diminish, decrease, blunt, deaden ";the treatment works by palliating symptoms";
Origin late Middle English: from late Latin palliat- 'cloaked,' from the verb palliare, from pallium 'cloak.'
synonyms: cheapness, miserliness, meanness, parsimoniousness, niggardliness, close-fistedness, closeness, penny-pinching; informalstinginess, minginess, tightness, tightfistedness, cheeseparing; formalpenuri
Origin late Middle English: from Latin parsimonia, parcimonia, from parcere 'be sparing.'
a strong supporter of a party,
synonyms: supporter, follower, adherent, devotee, champion; fanatic, fan, enthusiast, stalwart, zealot, booster ";conservative partisans";
Origin mid 16th century: from French, via Italian dialect from Italian partigiano, from parte 'part' [from Latin pars, part- ].
synonyms: sponsor, backer, financier, benefactor, benefactress, contributor, subscriber, donor; philanthropist, promoter, friend, supporter; informalangel ";a patron of the ar
Origin Middle English: from Old French, from Latin patronus 'protector of clients, defender,' from pater, patr- 'father.'
the presence of something only in small or
synonyms: scarcity, sparseness, sparsity, dearth, shortage, poverty, insufficiency, deficiency, lack, want ";the police cannot act with such a paucity of evidence";
Origin late Middle English: from Old French paucite or Latin paucitas, from paucus 'few.'
synonyms: teacher, schoolteacher, schoolmaster, schoolmistress, master, mistress, tutor; lecturer, academic, don, professor, instructor, educa
Origin late Middle English: via Latin from Greek paidagōgos, denoting a slave who accompanied a child to school [from pais, paid- 'boy' + agōgos 'guide'].
synonyms: dogmatist, purist, literalist, formalist, doctrinaire, perfectionist; quibbler, hair-splitter, casuist, sophist; informalnitpicker ";pedants insist tha
Origin late 16th century: from French pédant, from Italian pedante, perhaps from the first element of Latin paedagogus [see pedagogue].
synonyms: plinth, base, support, mounting, stand, foundation, pillar, column, pier; socle ";a bust on a pedestal";
Origin mid 16th century: from French piédestal, from Italian piedestallo, from piè 'foot' [from Latin pes, ped-, which later influenced the spelling] + di 'of' + stallo 'stall.'
synonyms:ancestry, descent, lineage, line [of descent], genealogy, family tree, extraction, derivation, origin[s], heritage, parentage, bloodline, dual heritage, background,
Originlate Middle English: from Anglo-Norman French pé de grue 'crane's foot,' a mark used to denote succession in pedigrees
synonyms: disparaging, derogatory, denigratory, deprecatory, defamatory, slanderous, libelous, abusive, insulting, slighting; informalbitchy ";his remarks were considered too pe
Origin late 19th century: from French péjoratif, -ive, from late Latin pejorare 'make worse,' from Latin pejor 'worse.'
synonyms:repentant, contrite, remorseful, sorry, apologetic, regretful, conscience-stricken, rueful, ashamed, shamefaced, abject, in sackcloth and ashes ";she stood there looking like a penitent child
OriginMiddle English: from Old French, from Latin paenitent- 'repenting,' from the verb paenitere
synonyms:poor, poor as a church mouse, poverty-stricken, destitute, necessitous, impecunious, impoverished, indigent, needy, in need/want, badly off, in reduced/straitened circumstances, hard u
Originlate 16th century: from medieval Latin penuriosus, from Latin penuria 'need, scarcity' [see penury]
synonyms: brusque, imperious, high-handed, brisk, abrupt, summary, commanding,
Origin late Middle English [as a legal term]: via Anglo-Norman French from Latin peremptorius 'deadly, decisive,' from perempt- 'destroyed, cut off,' from the verb perimere, from per- 'completely' + emere 'take, buy.'
synonyms: abiding, enduring, lasting, everlasting, perpetual, eternal, continuing, unending, unceasing, never-ending, endless, undying, ceaseless, persis
Origin mid 17th century [in the sense 'remaining leafy throughout the year, evergreen']: from Latin perennis 'lasting the year through' + -ial.
synonyms: treachery, duplicity, deceit, deceitfulness, disloyalty, infidelity, faithlessness, unfaithfulness, betrayal, treason, double-dealing, untrustworthiness,
Origin late 16th century: via French from Latin perfidia, from perfidus 'treacherous,' based on per- 'to ill effect' + fides 'faith.'
synonyms: cursory, desultory, quick, brief, hasty, hurried, rapid, fleeting, token, casual, superficial, careless, halfhearted, sketchy, mechanical, automatic
Origin late 16th century: from late Latin perfunctorius 'careless,' from Latin perfunct- 'done with, discharged,' from the verb perfungi .
synonyms: nomadic, itinerant, traveling, wandering, roving, roaming, migrant, migratory, unsettled ";I could never
Origin late Middle English [denoting an Aristotelian philosopher]: from Old French peripatetique, via Latin from Greek peripatētikos 'walking up and down,' from the verb peripatein .
synonyms: circumlocutory, circuitous, roundabout, indirect, tautological, pleonastic, prolix, verbose, wordy, long-winded, rambling, wandering, tortuous, diffuse ";the periphrastic nature of leg
Origin early 19th century: from Greek periphrastikos, from periphrazein 'declare in a roundabout way.'
synonyms: pervade, spread through, fill, filter through, diffuse through, imbue, penetrate, pass through, percolate through, perfuse, charge, suffuse, steep, impregnate,
Origin mid 17th century: from Latin permeat- 'passed through,' from the verb permeare, from per- 'through' + meare 'pass, go.'
synonyms: harmful, damaging, destructive, injurious, hurtful, detrimental, deleterious, dangerous, adverse, inimical, unhealthy, unfavorable, bad, evil, baleful, wicked, malign, ma
Origin late Middle English: from Latin perniciosus 'destructive,' from pernicies 'ruin,' based on nex, nec- 'death.'
synonyms:everlasting, never-ending, eternal, permanent, unending, endless, without end, lasting, long-lasting, constant, abiding, enduring, perennial, tim
OriginMiddle English: from Old French perpetuel, from Latin perpetualis, from perpetuus 'continuing throughout,' from perpes, perpet- 'continuou
synonyms: keep alive, keep going, preserve, conserve, sustain, maintain, continue, extend, carry on, keep up, prolong; immortalize, commemorate, mem
Origin early 16th century: from Latin perpetuat- 'made permanent,' from the verb perpetuare, from perpetuus 'continuing throughout' [see perpetual].
synonyms: puzzle, baffle, mystify, bemuse, bewilder, confound, confuse, disconcert, dumbfound, throw,
Origin late 15th century [as the adjective perplexed ]: from the obsolete adjective perplex 'bewildered,' from Latin perplexus 'entangled,' based on plexus 'interwoven,' from the verb plectere .
synonyms: discerning, shrewd, perceptive, astute, penetrating, observant, percipient, sharp-witted, sharp, smart, alert, clear-sighted, farsighted, acute, clever, canny, intelligent, insightful, wise, sage, se
Origin early 17th century: from Latin perspicax, perspicac- 'seeing clearly' + -acious.
synonyms:prevail on, coax, convince, get, induce, win over, bring around, coerce, influence, sway, inveigle, entice, tempt, lure, cajole, wheedle; procure; informalsweet-talk, twist someone's arm;
Originlate 15th century: from Latin persuadere, from per- 'through, to completion' + suadere 'advise.
synonyms: determined, tenacious, persistent, persevering, purposeful, resolute, dogged, indefatigable, insistent, single-minded, unrelenting, relentless, tireless, unshakable; stubborn, obstinate, inflexible, unbendi
Origin early 17th century: from Latin pertinax, pertinac- 'holding fast' + -ous.
synonyms: worry, upset, unsettle, disturb, concern, trouble, disquiet; disconcert, discomfit, unnerve, alarm, bother, distress, dismay, gnaw at, agitate, fluster, ruffle, dis
Origin late Middle English: from Old French pertourber, from Latin perturbare, from per- 'completely' + turbare 'disturb.'
synonyms: read, study, scrutinize, inspect, examine, wade through, look through; More browse through, leaf through, scan, run one's eye over, g
Origin late 15th century [in the sense 'use up, wear out']: perhaps from per- 'thoroughly' + use, but compare with Anglo-Norman French peruser 'examine.'
synonyms: read, study, scrutinize, inspect, examine, wade through, look through; browse through, leaf through, scan, run one's eye over, glance
Origin late 15th century [in the sense 'use up, wear out']: perhaps from per- 'thoroughly' + use, but compare with Anglo-Norman French peruser 'examine.'
synonyms: permeate, spread through, fill, suffuse, be diffused through, imbue, penetrate, filter through, percolate through, infuse, perfuse, flow through; charge, steep, saturate,
Origin mid 17th century [also in the sense 'traverse']: from Latin pervadere, from per- 'throughout' + vadere 'go.'
synonyms:peevish, bad-tempered, querulous, pettish, fretful, cross, irritable, sulky, snappish,
Originlate 16th century [in the sense 'immodest']: from French pétulant, from Latin petulant- 'impudent' [related to petere 'aim at, seek']. The current sense [mid 18th century] is influenced by pettish
synonyms: calm, cool, composed, 'calm, cool, and collected', controlled, serene, tranquil, placid, impassive, imperturbabl
Origin Middle English [in the sense 'relating to the humor phlegm']: from Old French fleumatique, via Latin from Greek phlegmatikos, from phlegma 'inflammation' [see phlegm].
synonyms:face, features, countenance, expression, look, mien; informalmug, puss; literaryvisage, lineaments ";his
Originlate Middle English: from Old French phisonomie, via medieval Latin from Greek phusiognōmonia 'judging of a man's nature [by his features],' based on gnōmōn 'a judge, interpreter.
having a pleasantly sha
synonyms: spicy, tangy, peppery, hot; tasty, flavorful, appetizing, savory; pungent, sharp, tart, zesty, strong, salty ";a piquant sauce";
Origin early 16th century [in the sense 'severe, bitter']: from French, literally 'stinging, pricking,' present participle of piquer .
synonyms: irritation, annoyance, resentment, anger, displeasure, indignation, petulance, ill humor, vexation, exasperation, disgruntlement, discontent; offense, umbrage ";a fit of pique"
Origin mid 16th century [denoting animosity between two or more people]: from French piquer 'prick, irritate.'
soft or spongy tissue in plants or animals, in particular
synonyms: essence, main point, fundamentals, heart, substance, nub, core, quintessence, crux, gist, meat, kernel, marrow, burden; informalnitty-gritty ";the pith of the argument";
Origin Old English pitha .
[of language or style] concise and forcefully expressive
synonyms:succinct, terse, concise, compact, short [and sweet], brief, condensed, to the point, epigrammatic, crisp, thumbnail; significant, meaningful, expressive, telling; formalcompendious ";pithy comments"
make [someone] less angry or hostile
synonyms:pacify, calm, appease, mollify, soothe, win over, conciliate, propitiate, make peace with, humor ";John did his best to placate her"
Originlate 17th century: from Latin placat- 'appeased,' from the verb placare
sounding sad and m
synonyms: mournful, sad, wistful, doleful, pathetic, pitiful, piteous, melancholy, sorrowful, unhappy, wretched, woeful, forlorn, woebegone; literarydolorous ";a plaintive cry";
Origin late Middle English: from Old French plaintif, -ive, from plainte 'lamentation' [see plaint].
synonyms: abundance, lot, wealth, profusion, cornucopia, superabundance; informalload, slew, heap, buttload, ton ";Lord, we are so thankful for this plenitude";
Origin late Middle English: from Old French, from late Latin plenitudo, from plenus 'full.'
synonyms: excess, overabundance, superabundance, surplus, glut, superfluity, surfeit, profusion; too many, too much, enough and to spare; informalmore —— than one can shake a stick at ";a
Origin mid 16th century [in the medical sense]: via late Latin from Greek plēthōrē, from plēthein 'be full.'
synonyms: touching, moving, sad, affecting, pitiful, piteous, pathetic, sorrowful, mournful, wretched, miserable, distressing, heart-rending, tearjerking, plaintive, tra
Origin late Middle English: from Old French, literally 'pricking,' present participle of poindre, from Latin pungere 'to prick.
synonyms: diatribe, invective, rant, tirade, broadside, attack, harangue, condemnation, criticism, stricture, admonition, rebuke; abuse; informalblast; formalcastigation; literaryphilippic ";a polemic against in
Origin mid 17th century: via medieval Latin from Greek polemikos, from polemos 'war.'
synonyms:presage, augur, foreshadow, foretell, prophesy; be a sign, warn, be an omen, indicate, herald, signal, bode, promise, threaten, signify, spell, denote; literarybetoken, foretoken, forebode ";the sig
Originlate Middle English: from Latin portendere, based on pro- 'forth' + tendere 'stretch.
synonyms: omen, sign, signal, token, forewarning, warning, danger sign, foreshadowing, prediction, forecast, prophecy, harbinger, augury, auspice, presage; writing on the wall, indication, hint;
Origin late 16th century: from Latin portentum 'omen, token,' from the verb portendere [see portend].
synonyms: uncertain, insecure, unpredictable, risky, parlous, hazardous, dangerous, unsafe; unsettled, unstable, unsteady, shaky; informaldicey, chancy, iffy ";those steps look a bit precariou
Origin mid 17th century: from Latin precarius 'obtained by entreaty' [from prex, prec- 'prayer'] + -ous.
synonyms: principle, rule, tenet, canon, doctrine, command, order, decree, dictate, dictum, injunction, commandment; mitzvah; formalprescript ";the precept
Origin late Middle English: from Latin praeceptum, neuter past participle of praecipere 'warn, instruct,' from prae 'before' + capere 'take.'
synonyms: cliff face, cliff, steep cliff, rock face, sheer drop, height, crag, bluff, escarpment, scarp; literarysteep ";it's amazing h
Origin late 16th century [denoting a headlong fall]: from French précipice or Latin praecipitium 'abrupt descent,' from praeceps, praecip[it]- 'steep, headlong.'
synonyms:prevent, make it impossible for, rule out, stop, prohibit, debar, bar, hinder, impede, inhibit, exclude ";his difficulties preclude him from leading a normal l
Originlate 15th century [in the sense 'bar [a route or passage]']: from Latin praecludere, from prae 'before' + claudere 'to shut.
synonyms: liking, fondness, preference, partiality, taste, penchant, weakness, soft spot, fancy, inclination, leaning, bias, propensity
Origin mid 18th century: from French prédilection, from Latin praedilect- 'preferred,' from the verb praediligere, from prae 'in advance' + diligere 'to select.'
synonyms: absurd, ridiculous, foolish, stupid, ludicrous, farcical, laughable, comical, risible, nonsensical, senseless, insane; outrageous, monstrous; informalcrazy ";at the
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin praeposterus 'reversed, absurd' [from prae 'before' + posterus 'coming after'] + -ous.
synonyms: portend, augur, foreshadow, foretell, prophesy, be an omen of, herald, be a sign of, be the harbinger of, warn of, be a presage of, signal
Origin late Middle English [as a noun]: via French from Latin praesagium, from praesagire 'forebode,' from prae 'before' + sagire 'perceive keenly.'
synonyms: prophetic, predictive, visionary; psychic, clairvoyant; farsighted, prognostic, divinatory; insightful, intuitive, perceptive, percipient ";the outcome was
Origin early 17th century: from Latin praescient- 'knowing beforehand,' from the verb praescire, from prae 'before' + scire 'know.'
synonyms:assume, suppose, dare say, imagine, take it, expect, believe, think, surmise, guess, judge, conjecture, speculate, postulate, presu
Originlate Middle English: from Old French presumer, from Latin praesumere 'anticipate' [in late Latin 'take for granted'], from prae 'before' + sumere 'take.
synonyms: brazen, overconfident, arrogant, bold, audacious, forward, familiar, impertinent, insolent, impudent, cocky; cheeky, rud
Origin Middle English: from Old French presumptueux, from late Latin praesumptuosus, variant of praesumptiosus 'full of boldness,' from praesumptio [see presumption].
prove more powe
synonyms:win, win out/through, triumph, be victorious, carry the day, come out on top, succeed, prove superior, conquer, overcome; rule, reign ";common sense will prevail"
Originlate Middle English: from Latin praevalere 'have greater power,' from prae 'before' + valere 'have power.
synonyms: be evasive, beat around the bush, hedge, fence, shilly-shally, dod
Origin mid 16th century [in the sense 'go astray, transgress']: from Latin praevaricat- 'walked crookedly, deviated,' from the verb praevaricari, from prae 'before' + varicari 'straddle' [from varus 'bent, knock-kneed'].
synonyms:immaculate, perfect, in mint condition, as new, unspoiled, spotless, flawless, impeccable, clean, fresh, new, virgin
Originmid 16th century [in the sense 'original, former, primitive and undeveloped']: from Latin pristinus 'former.' The senses 'unspoiled' and 'spotless' date from the 1920s
synonyms: integrity, honesty, uprightness, decency, morality, rectitude, goodness, virtue, right-mindedness, trustworthiness, truthfulness, honor ";the committee feels that he has demonstrated little probity in this matter";
Origin late Middle English: from Latin probitas, from probus 'good.'
synonyms: inclination, tendency, leaning, disposition, proneness, propensity, bent, bias, penchant, predisposition; predilection, partiality, liking, preference, taste, fondnes
Origin late 16th century: from Latin proclivitas, from proclivis 'inclined,' from pro- 'forward, down' + clivus 'slope.'
synonyms: enormous, huge, colossal, immense, vast, great, massive, gigantic, mammoth, tremendous, inordinate, monumental; amazing, astonishing, astounding, staggering, stunning, r
Origin late 15th century [in the sense 'portentous']: from Latin prodigiosus, from prodigium 'portent' [see prodigy].
synonyms: copious, prolific, abundant, liberal, unstinting, fulsome, effusive, extravagant, lavish, gushing; informalover the top,
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'extravagant']: from Latin profusus 'lavish, spread out,' past participle of profundere, from pro- 'forth' + fundere 'pour.'
synonyms: the workers, working-class people, wage earners, the working classes, the common people, the lower classes, the masses, the rank and file, the third estate, the plebeians; the lumpen, the lumpenp
Origin mid 19th century: from French prolétariat, from Latin proletarius [see proletarian].
synonyms:long-winded, verbose, wordy, pleonastic, discursive, rambling, long-drawn-out, overlong, lengthy, protracted, interminable; informalwindy, waffly ";his p
Originlate Middle English: from Old French prolixe or Latin prolixus 'poured forth, extended,' from pro- 'outward' + liquere 'be liquid.
synonyms:make known, make public, publicize, spread, communicate, propagate, disseminate, broadcast, promote, preach; lit
Originmid 16th century: from Latin promulgat- 'exposed to public view,' from the verb promulgare, from pro- 'out, publicly' + mulgere 'cause to come forth' [literally 'to milk']
synonyms:tendency, inclination, predisposition, proneness, proclivity, readiness, liability, disposition, leaning, weakness ";his propen
Originlate 16th century: from archaic propense [from Latin propensus 'inclined,' past participle of propendere, from pro- 'forward, down' + pendere 'hang'] + -ity
synonyms: appease, placate, mollify, pacify, make peace with, conciliate, make amends to, soothe, calm ";my attempts to propitiate you are useless";
Origin late 16th century: from Latin propitiat- 'made favorable,' from the verb propitiare, from propitius 'favorable, gracious' [see propitious].
synonyms: favorable, auspicious, promising, providential, advantageous, optimistic, bright, rosy, heaven-sent, hopeful; opportune, timely ";the timing for such a meeting seemed propitious";
Origin late Middle English: from Old French propicieus or Latin propitius 'favorable, gracious.'
a person who advocates a theory, propos
synonyms: advocate, champion, supporter, backer, promoter, protagonist, campaigner, booster, cheerleader ";a proponent of the youth basketball program";
Origin late 16th century: from Latin proponent- 'putting forth,' from the verb proponere [see propound].
synonyms: decorum, respectability, decency, correctness, protocol, appropriateness, suitability, good manners, courtesy, politeness, rectitude, morality, ci
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'peculiarity, essential quality']: from Old French propriete, from Latin proprietas [see property].
forbid, especially by law
synonyms: forbid, prohibit, ban, bar, interdict, make illegal, embargo, outlaw, disallow, veto; enjoin ";gambling was proscribed";
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'to outlaw']: from Latin proscribere, from pro- 'in front of' + scribere 'write.'
synonyms:ever-changing, variable, changeable, mutable, kaleidoscopic, inconstant, inconsistent, unstable, shifting, unsettled, fluctuating, fluid, wavering, vacillating, mercurial, volatile; technicallabile ";the protean nature of mental disorders"
Originlate 16th century: from Proteus + -an
synonyms: objection, complaint, exception, disapproval, challenge, dissent, demurral, remonstr
Origin late Middle English [as a verb in the sense 'make a solemn declaration']: from Old French protester, from Latin protestari, from pro- 'forth, publicly' + testari 'assert' [from testis 'witness'].
synonyms: fate, destiny, nemesis, kismet, God's will, divine intervention, predestination, predetermination, the stars; one's lot [in life]; archaicone's portion ";a life mapped
Origin late Middle English: from Old French, from Latin providentia, from providere 'foresee, attend to' [see provide].
synonyms: opportune, advantageous, favorable, auspicious, propitious, heaven-sent, welcome, golden, lucky, happy, fortunate, felicitous, timely, well timed, seasonable, convenient, expedient ";we won with the aid of a provid
Origin mid 17th century: from providence, on the pattern of evidential .
synonyms:arouse, produce, evoke, cause, give rise to, occasion, call forth, elicit, induce, excite, spark off, touch off, kindle, generat
Originlate Middle English [also in the sense 'invoke, summon']: from Old French provoquer, from Latin provocare 'challenge,' from pro- 'forth' + vocare 'to call.
synonyms: wise, well judged, sensible, politic, judicious, sagacious, sage, shrewd, advisable, well advised ";it is prudent to obtain consent"; cautious, care
Origin late Middle English: from Old French, or from Latin prudent-, contraction of provident- 'foreseeing, attending to' [see provident].
childishly silly and trivi
synonyms: childish, immature, infantile, juvenile, babyish; silly, inane, fatuous, jejune, asinine, foolish, petty ";you're too old for these puerile outbursts";
Origin late 16th century [in the sense 'like a boy']: from French puéril or Latin puerilis, from puer 'boy.'
synonyms:combative, aggressive, antagonistic, belligerent, bellicose, warlike, quarrelsome, argumentative, contentious, disputatious, hostile, threatening, truculent; fiery, hot-tempered ";this
Originmid 17th century: from Latin pugnax, pugnac- [from pugnare 'to fight,' from pugnus 'fist'] + -ious
synonyms: meticulous, conscientious, diligent, scrupulous, careful, painstaking, rigorous, perfectionist, methodical, particular, strict; fussy, fastidious, finicky, pedantic; informalnitpick
Origin mid 17th century: from French pointilleux, from pointille, from Italian puntiglio [see punctilio].
synonyms:strong, powerful, pervasive, penetrating; sharp, acid, sour, biting, bitter, tart, vinegary, tangy; highly flavored, aromatic, spicy, piquant, peppery, hot ";a punge
Originlate 16th century [in the sense 'very painful or distressing']: from Latin pungent- 'pricking,' from the verb pungere
synonyms: timid, timorous, cowardly, fearful, faint-hearted, lily-livered, spineless, craven, shrinking; informalchicken, gutless, wimpy, wimpi
Origin late Middle English: from ecclesiastical Latin pusillanimis [translating Greek olugopsukhos ], from pusillus 'very small' + animus 'mind,' + -ous.
[of organic matter] decaying or rotting and emitting a fetid smel
synonyms: decomposing, decaying, rotting, rotten, bad, off, putrefied, putrescent, rancid, moldy; foul, fetid, rank ";putrid meat";
Origin late Middle English: from Latin putridus, from putrere 'to rot,' from puter, putr- 'rotten.'
synonyms: drink, swallow, gulp [down], guzzle, slurp, down, empty; imbibe, partake of, consume; informalkill, swig, swill, slug, knock back, toss off, chug, chugalug, scarf [down] ";they quaffed a few beers before heading hom
Origin early 16th century: probably imitative of the sound of drinking.
feel or show fear or apprehension
synonyms: cower, cringe, flinch, shrink, recoil, shy [away], pull back; shiver, tremble, shake, quake, blench ";the sound of gunfire made us quail";
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'waste away, come to nothing']: of unknown origin.
synonyms: misgivings, doubts, reservations, second thoughts, worries, concerns, anxiety; hesitation, hesitance, hesitancy, demur, reluctance, disinclination, appr
Origin early 16th century [in the sense 'momentary sick feeling']: perhaps related to Old English cw[e]alm 'pain,' of Germanic origin.
synonyms: petulant, peevish, pettish, complaining, fractious, fretful, irritable, testy, tetchy, cross, snappish, crabby, crotchety, cantankerous, miserable, moody, grumpy, bad-tempered, sullen, sulk
Origin late 15th century: from late Latin querulosus, from Latin querulus, from queri 'complain.'
in a state or period of inactivity
synonyms:inactive, inert, idle, dormant, at rest, inoperative, deactivated, quiet; still, motionless, immobile, passive ";the volcano is in a quiescent state"
Originmid 17th century: from Latin quiescent- 'being still,' from the verb quiescere, from quies 'quiet.
synonyms: perfect example, exemplar, prototype, stereotype, picture, epitome, embodiment, ideal, apotheosis; best, pick, prime, acme, crème de la crème ";it's the quintessence of
Origin late Middle English [as a term in philosophy]: via French from medieval Latin quinta essentia 'fifth essence.'
synonyms: daily, everyday, day-to-day, diurnal ";the quotidian routine"; ordinary, average, run-of-the-mill, everyday, standard, typical, middle-of-the-road, common, conventional, mainstream, u
Origin Middle English: via Old French from Latin quotidianus, earlier cotidianus, from cotidie 'daily.'
synonyms:thoroughgoing, thorough, complete, total, comprehensive, exhaustive, sweeping, far-reaching, wide-ranging, extensive, across the board, profound, major, s
Originlate Middle English [in the senses 'forming the root' and 'inherent']: from late Latin radicalis, from Latin radix, radic- 'root.
synonyms: protest [against], fulminate against, inveigh against, rage against, speak out against, make a stand against; expostulate about, criticize, denounce, con
Origin late Middle English: from French railler, from Provençal ralhar 'to jest,' based on an alteration of Latin rugire 'to bellow.'
synonyms: bitterness, spite, hate, hatred, resentment, malice, ill will, malevolence, animosity, antipathy, enmity, hostility, acrimony, venom, vitriol
Origin Middle English: via Old French from late Latin rancor 'rankness,' [in the Vulgate 'bitter grudge'], related to Latin rancidus 'stinking.'
synonyms: cause resentment to, annoy, upset, anger, irritate, offend, affront, displease, provoke, irk, vex, pique, nettle, gall
Origin Middle English: from Old French rancler, from rancle, draoncle 'festering sore,' from an alteration of medieval Latin dracunculus, diminutive of draco 'serpent.'
synonyms: uncooperative, intractable, obstreperous, truculent, insubordinate, defiant, rebellious, willful, wayward, headstrong, self-willed, contrary, perverse
Origin mid 19th century: from Latin recalcitrant- 'kicking out with the heels,' from the verb recalcitrare, based on calx, calc- 'heel.'
rare, exotic, or obscure
synonyms: obscure, rare, esoteric, abstruse, arcane, recondite, exotic, strange, unusual, unfamiliar, out of the ordinary ";most of the titles are recherché";
Origin French, literally 'carefully sought out,' past participle of rechercher .
synonyms: obscure, abstruse, arcane, esoteric, recherché, profound, difficult, complex, complicated, involved; incomprehensible, unfathomable, impene
Origin mid 17th century: from Latin reconditus 'hidden, put away,' past participle of recondere, from re- 'back' + condere 'put together, secrete.'
synonyms: survey, make a reconnaissance of, explore; investigate, examine, scrutinize, inspect, observe, take a look at; patrol; informalcheck out, scope out, recon ";two of our best
Origin early 18th century: from obsolete French reconnoître, from Latin recognoscere 'know again' [see recognize].
synonyms: lying, flat, horizontal, stretched out, sprawled [out], reclining, prone, prostrate, supine; lying down ";he stepped over Sadie's recumbent body";
Origin mid 17th century: from Latin recumbent- 'reclining,' from the verb recumbere, from re- 'back' + a verb related to cubare 'to lie.'
synonyms: formidable, awe-inspiring, fearsome, daunting; impressive, commanding, indomitable, invincible, doughty, mighty ";a redoubtable army commander";
Origin late Middle English: from Old French redoutable, from redouter 'to fear,' from re- [expressing intensive force] + douter 'to doubt.'
synonyms:rectify, correct, right, put to rights, compensate for, amend, remedy, make good, resolve, settle ";we redressed the problem";even up, regulate, equalize ";we aim to redress the balance"
OriginMiddle English: the verb from Old French redresser ; the noun via Anglo-Norman French redresse
synonyms: obstinate, stubborn, mulish, pigheaded, obdurate, headstrong, self-willed, wayward, willful, perverse, contrary, recalcitrant, obstreperous, disobedient, difficult; infor
Origin early 17th century: alteration of obsolete refractary, from Latin refractarius 'stubborn' [see also refract].
synonyms: negligent, neglectful, irresponsible, careless, thoughtless, heedless, lax, slack, slipshod, lack
Origin late Middle English: from Latin remissus 'slackened,' past participle of remittere . The early senses were 'weakened in color or consistency' and [in describing sound] 'faint, soft.'
a large tear in a piece of fabric
synonyms: rip, tear, split, hole, slash, slit ";the rent in his pants"; gorge, chasm, fault, rift, fissure, crevasse ";a vast rent in the mountains";
Origin mid 16th century: from obsolete rent 'pull to pieces, lacerate,' variant of rend.
synonyms:rebuke, reproof, admonishment, admonition, reproach, scolding, upbraiding, finger-wagging, censure; informalrap over the knuckl
Originmid 17th century: from French réprimande, via Spanish from Latin reprimenda 'things to be held in check,' neuter plural gerundive of reprimere [see repress]
synonyms: rogue, rascal, scoundrel, miscreant, good-for-nothing, villain, wretch, rake, degenerate, libertine, debauchee; informal,cad; archaicb
Origin late Middle English [as a verb]: from Latin reprobat- 'disapproved,' from the verb reprobare, from re- [expressing reversal] + probare 'approve.'
synonyms: reprimand, rebuke, reproach, scold, admonish, chastise, chide, upbraid, berate, take to task, rake/haul over the coals, criticize, censure
Origin Middle English [also in the senses 'reject' and 'censure']: from Old French reprover, from late Latin reprobare 'disapprove' [see reprobate].
synonyms: reject, renounce, abandon, give up, turn one's back on, disown, cast off, lay aside; formalforswear, abjure; literaryforsake ";he repudiated
Origin late Middle English [originally an adjective in the sense 'divorced']: from Latin repudiatus 'divorced, cast off,' from repudium 'divorce.'
synonyms: revulsion, disgust, abhorrence, repulsion, loathing, hatred, detestation, aversion, distaste, antipath
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'opposition']: from Old French repugnance or Latin repugnantia, from repugnare 'oppose,' from re- [expressing opposition] + pugnare 'to fight.'
synonyms: revoke, repeal, cancel, reverse, overturn, overrule, annul, nullify, void, invalidate, quash, abolish; vacate; formalabrogate ";the court can rescind a bankruptcy order";
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin rescindere, from re- [expressing intensive force] + scindere 'to divide, split.'
a short period of rest or
synonyms: rest, break, breathing space, interval, intermission, interlude, recess, lull, pause, time out; relief, relaxation, repose; informalbreather, letup ";a brief respite";
Origin Middle English: from Old French respit, from Latin respectus 'refuge, consideration.'
synonyms: delay, slow down, slow up, hold back, hold up, set back, postpone, put back, detain, decelerate; hinder, hamper, obstruct, inhibit, impede, check, restrain, restrict, trammel; literary
Origin late 15th century: from French retarder, from Latin retardare, from re- 'back' + tardus 'slow.'
synonyms: reserved, withdrawn, introverted, inhibited, diffident, shy; uncommunicative, unforthcoming, unresponsive, tight-lipped, buttoned-up, qui
Origin mid 19th century: from Latin reticent- 'remaining silent,' from the verb reticere, from re- [expressing intensive force] + tacere 'be silent.'
[of an army] withdraw fr
synonyms: withdraw, retire, draw back, pull back/out, fall back, give way, give ground, beat a retreat, beat a hasty retreat ";the army retreated";
Origin late Middle English: from Old French retret [noun], retraiter [verb], from Latin retrahere 'pull back' [see retract].
synonyms: economize, cut back, make cutbacks, make savings, make economies, reduce expenditure, be economical, be frugal, tighten
Origin late 16th century [in the now formal usage]: from obsolete French retrencher, variant of retrancher, from re- [expressing reversal] + trancher 'to cut, slice.'
synonyms: respect, admire, honor, think highly of, esteem, hold in high esteem, hold in high regard, look up to, put on a pedestal, lionize, reverence ";she is revered as a na
Origin mid 17th century: from French révérer or Latin revereri, from re- [expressing intensive force] + vereri 'to fear.'
synonyms: criticize, censure, condemn, attack, inveigh against, rail against, castigate, lambaste, denounce; slander, libel, malign, vilify, abuse; informalknock, slam, pan, crucify, roast, tear into, badmouth, dis, pummel; form
Origin Middle English: from Old French reviler, based on vil 'vile.'
a crack, split, or break in something
synonyms:crack, fault, flaw, split, break, breach, fissure, fracture, cleft, crevice, cavity, opening ";a deep rift in the ice"
OriginMiddle English: of Scandinavian origin; compare with Norwegian and Danish rift 'cleft, chink.
a lengthy and comp
synonyms:fuss, bother, trouble, palaver, ado, pother, song and dance, performance, to-do, pantomime, hassle, folderol ";the rigmarole of dressing up"
Originmid 18th century: apparently an alteration of ragman roll, originally denoting a legal document recording a list of offenses
synonyms:laughable, ridiculous, absurd, comical, comic, amusing, funny, hilarious, humorous, droll, farcical, silly, ludicrous, hysterical; informalrib-tickling,
Originmid 16th century [in the sense 'inclined to laughter']: from late Latin risibilis, from Latin ris- 'laughed,' from the verb ridere
synonyms: desecration, profanity, blasphemy, impiety, irreligion, unholiness, irreverence, disrespect, profanation ";any form of gamb
Origin Middle English: via Old French from Latin sacrilegium, from sacrilegus 'stealer of sacred things,' from sacer, sacr- 'sacred' + legere 'take possession of.'
synonyms: sacred, hallowed, respected, inviolable, inviolate, unimpeachable, invulnerable, untouchable, inalienable; protected, defended, secure, safe ";the separation of churc
Origin late 15th century: from Latin sacrosanctus, from sacro 'by a sacred rite' [ablative of sacrum ] + sanctus 'holy.'
synonyms: pornographic, obscene, indecent, crude, lewd, vulgar, dirty, filthy; erotic, titillating, arousing, suggestive, sexy, risqué, ribald, smutty, bawdy; X-rated; informalporn, porno, blue, XXX; euphemisticadul
Origin mid 17th century: from Latin salax, salac- [from salire 'to leap'] + -ious
synonyms: pay, wages, earnings, payment, remuneration, fee[s], stipend, income; informaltake-home; formalemolument ";an annual raise in his s
Origin Middle English: from Anglo-Norman French salarie, from Latin salarium, originally denoting a Roman soldier's allowance to buy salt, from sal 'salt.'
synonyms: yellowish, jaundiced, pallid, wan, pale, anemic, bloodless, pasty; unhealthy, sickly, washed out; informallike death warmed over; icteric ";a disturbingly sallow complex
Origin Old English salo 'dusky,' of Germanic origin; related to Old Norse sǫlr 'yellow,' from a base meaning 'dirty.'
synonyms: beneficial, advantageous, good, profitable, productive, helpful, useful, valuable, worthwhile; timely ";a salutary lesson on the fragility of nature";
Origin late Middle English [as a noun in the sense 'remedy']: from French salutaire or Latin salutaris, from salus, salut- 'health.'
composure or coolne
synonyms: composure, equanimity, self-possession, equilibrium, aplomb, poise, self-assurance, self-control, nerve, calm, presence of mind; informalcool, unflappability ";he recovered his usual sangfroid";
Origin mid 18th century: from French sang-froid, literally 'cold blood.'
synonyms: optimistic, bullish, hopeful, buoyant, positive, confident, cheerful, cheery; informalupbeat ";he is sanguine about the advance of technology";
Origin Middle English: from Old French sanguin[e ] 'blood-red,' from Latin sanguineus 'of blood,' from sanguis, sanguin- 'blood.'
synonyms: mocking, satirical, sarcastic, ironical, ironic; cynical, scornful, contemptuous, derisive, d
Origin mid 17th century: from French sardonique, earlier sardonien, via Latin from Greek sardonios 'of Sardinia,' alteration of sardanios, used by Homer to describe bitter or scornful laughter.
another term for sate1
synonyms:fill, satisfy, sate; slake, quench; gorge, stuff, surfeit, glut, cloy, sicken, nauseate ";here, this stew should satiate you"
Originlate Middle English: from Latin satiatus, past participle of satiare, from satis 'enough.
the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's
synonyms: mockery, ridicule, derision, scorn, caricature; irony, sarcasm ";he has become the subject of satire";
Origin early 16th century: from French, or from Latin satira, later form of satura 'poetic medley.'
synonyms: intellectual, scholar, sage, philosopher, thinker, wise/learned person; guru, master, pundit, pandit ";how out of place she was, a world-hungry young savant in a family of du
Origin early 18th century: French, literally 'knowing [person],' present participle [used as a noun] of savoir .
synonyms:devastating, extremely critical, blistering, searing, withering, scorching, fierce, ferocious, savage, severe, stinging, biting, cutting, mordant, trenchant, virulent, caustic, vit
OriginMiddle English: from Old Norse skathi [noun], skatha [verb]; related to Dutch and German schaden [verb]
synonyms: qualms, compunction, pangs/twinges of conscience, hesitation, reservations, second thoughts, doubt[s], misgivings, uneasiness, reluctance ";he had no sc
Origin late Middle English: from French scrupule or Latin scrupulus, from scrupus, literally 'rough pebble,' [figuratively] 'anxiety.'
synonyms: careful, meticulous, painstaking, thorough, assiduous, sedulous, attentive, conscientious, punctilious, searching, close, minute, rigorous, partic
Origin late Middle English [in the sense 'troubled with doubts']: from French scrupuleux or Latin scrupulosus, from scrupulus [see scruple].
synonyms: scorching, blistering, sweltering, blazing [hot], burning, fiery, torrid; informalboiling [hot], baking [hot], sizzling, roasting ";the searing heat"; intense, excruciating, agonizing, sharp, stabbing, shooting, st
Origin Old English sēar [adjective], sēarian [verb], of Germanic origin.
synonyms:withdraw from, break away from, break with, separate [oneself] from, leave, split with, split off from, disaffiliate from, resign from, pull out of; informalquit ";the southern states seceded from the Union, prec
Originearly 18th century: from Latin secedere, from se- 'apart' + cedere 'go.
synonyms: diligent, careful, meticulous, thorough, assiduous, attentive, industrious, conscientious, ultracareful, punctilious, scrupulous, painstaking, minute, rigorous, particular ";he picked the thorn from his leg with sedulous care
Origin mid 16th century: from Latin sedulus 'zealous' + -ous.
synonyms: moralistic, moralizing, sanctimonious, self-righteous, pietistic, pious, priggish, judgmental; pompous, pontific
Origin late Middle English: from Latin sententiosus, from sententia 'opinion' [see sentence]. The original sense was 'full of meaning or wisdom,' later becoming depreciatory.
walk in a furtive, unobtrusive, or timid manner, especially sideways or obliq
synonyms: creep, sneak, slink, slip, slide, steal, edge, inch, move furtively ";the sheriff sidled up to the window on the north side of the cabin";
Origin late 17th century: back-formation from sideling [see sidelong].
having many curves and turns
synonyms: winding, windy, serpentine, curving, twisting, meandering, snaking, zigzag, curling, coiling ";a sinuous river";
Origin late 16th century: from French sinueux or Latin sinuosus, from sinus 'a bend.'
done too hurriedly and carelessly
synonyms: careless, slipshod, hurried, haphazard, unsystematic, untidy, messy, hit-or-miss, negligent, neglectful, lax; informalsloppy, slaphappy, shambolic ";they did a slapdash job on the driveway";
synonyms: soaking, soaked [through], wet [through], saturated, drenched, sopping wet, wringing wet ";his clothes were sodden"; waterlogged, soggy, saturated, boggy, swampy, miry, marshy; heavy, so
Origin Middle English [in the sense 'boiled, cooked by boiling']: archaic past participle of seethe.
synonyms: financially sound, debt-free, in the black, in credit, creditworthy, solid, secure, profit-making; unleveraged ";after years in debt, he finally knew what it meant to be solvent";
Origin mid 17th century: from Latin solvent- 'loosening, unfastening, paying,' from the verb solvere .
[of a person's voice or other sound] imposingly deep and full
synonyms: resonant, rich, full, round, booming, deep, clear, mellow, orotund, fruity, strong, resounding, reverberant ";a sonorous voice";
Origin early 17th century: from Latin sonorus [from sonor 'sound'] + -ous.
synonyms: seer, oracle, augur, prophet/prophetess, sage, prognosticator, diviner, fortune teller, crystal gazer, clairvoyant, psychic; literarysibyl; rareharuspex ";the most respected of the king's soothsayers";
Origin Middle English [in the sense 'person who speaks the truth']: see sooth.
synonyms: sleazy, dirty, seedy, seamy, unsavory, tawdry, cheap, debased, degenerate, dishonorable, disreputa
Origin late Middle English [as a medical term in the sense 'purulent']: from French sordide or Latin sordidus, from sordere 'be dirty.' The current senses date from the early 17th century.
synonyms: bad-tempered, ill-tempered, angry, cross, peevish, petulant, pettish, irritable, irascible, choleric, dyspeptic, testy, tetchy, snappish, waspish,
Origin late Middle English [as a noun denoting a person with a diseased spleen]: from late Latin spleneticus, from Greek splēn [see spleen].
synonyms: occasional, infrequent, irregular, periodic, scattered, patchy, isolated, odd; intermittent, spasmodic, fitful, desultory, erratic, unpredictable; nonconse
Origin late 17th century: via medieval Latin from Greek sporadikos, from sporas, sporad- 'scattered'; related to speirein 'to sow.'
[especially of an old person] lively; full of
synonyms:spry, lively, agile, nimble, energetic, active, full of energy, vigorous, spirited, animated, vivacious, frisky; informalfull of vim and vigor ";sprightly Irish folk dancers"
Originlate 16th century: from spright [rare variant of sprite] + -ly1
an elf or fairy
synonyms:fairy, elf, pixie, imp, brownie, puck, peri, leprechaun; nymph, sylph, naiad ";by light of moon the woodland sprites do dance and play"
OriginMiddle English: alteration of sprit, a contraction of spirit
synonyms: bogus, fake, false, counterfeit, forged, fraudulent, sham, artificial, imitation, simulated, feigned, deceptive, misleading, specious; informalphony, pretend ";an attempt to be excused due
Origin late 16th century [in the sense 'born out of wedlock']: from Latin spurius 'false' + -ous.
synonyms: dirty, filthy, grubby, grimy, mucky, slummy, foul, vile, poor, sorry, wretched, miserable, mean, seedy, shabby, sordid, insalubrious; neglected, uncared-for, broken-down, run-down, down-at-heel, down-at-t
Origin late 16th century: from Latin squalidus, from squalere 'be rough or dirty.'
synonyms: sedate, respectable, quiet, serious, serious-minded, steady, conventional, traditional, unadventurous, unenterprising, set in one's ways, sober, proper, decorous, formal, stuffy, stiff, priggish; informalstarchy, buttoned-down,
Origin mid 16th century: archaic past participle of stay1.
synonyms: staunch, loyal, faithful, committed, devoted, dedicated, dependable, reliable, steady, constant, trusty, solid, hard-working, steadfast, redoubtable, unwavering ";a stalwart
Origin late Middle English: Scots variant of obsolete stalworth, from Old English stǣl 'place' + weorth 'worth.'
loud and harsh; grating
synonyms: harsh, raucous, rough, grating, rasping, jarring, loud, shrill, screeching, piercing, ear-piercing ";a strident voice interrupted the consultation";
Origin mid 17th century: from Latin strident- 'creaking,' from the verb stridere .
synonyms: hamper, impede, thwart, frustrate, foil, suppress, smother ";social welfare was stultified by international trade regulations"; bore, make bored, dull, numb, benumb, stupefy ";he stultifies her with too