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Unit 1: Changing population
Terms in this set (47)
The way the population is spread out.
Low-income countries/Less economically developed countries
Economies are defined as those with a GNI per capita, calculated using the World Bank Atlas method, of $1,005 or less in 2016
High-income countries/More economically developed countries
High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,236 or more
An imaginary division that has provided a rough way of dividing all of the countries in the world in to the rich north and poor south.
The total domestic and foreign output claimed by residents of a country, consisting of gross domestic product (GDP) plus factor incomes earned by foreign residents, minus income earned in the domestic economy by nonresidents
A measure of statistical dispersion intended to represent the income or wealth distribution of a nation's residents, and is the most commonly used measure of inequality.
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite index measurement that includes average lifespan, income per capita, and expected years of schooling and average years of schooling.
Core areas are centers or integral parts of politics, economy, culture, etc.
Periphery areas are marginalized areas.
Treatment of a person, group, or concept as insignificant or peripheral.
Human migration based on one's free will and initiative
Migration within a country
Migration from the countryside to an urban area usual for the purpose of better jobs or a higher quality of life.
A negative aspect or condition that motivates one to leave
A positive aspect or condition that attracts people to a place
A metropolitan area with a total population in excess of ten million people
A graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population
An estimate of a future population based on trends and predictions
The tendency for changes in population growth rates to lag behind changes in childbearing behavior and mortality conditions.
The number of children who would be born per woman
Crude birth rate
The number of live births occurring among the population of a given geographical area during a given year, per 1,000 people
Crude death rate
The number of deaths occurring among the population of a given geographical area during a given year, per 1,000 people
Annual growth rate
The percentage by which a population grows over a one year period.
The crude birth rate minus the crude death rate
Infant mortality rate
The number of deaths of infants under one year old per 1,000 live births
Child mortality rate
The number of deaths of children under five years old per 1,000 live births
The level of fertility at which a population exactly replaces itself from one generation to the next. In developed countries, replacement level fertility can be taken as requiring an average of 2.1 children per woman.
A statistical measure of the average time an person is expected to live, based on the year of their birth, their current age and other demographic factors including sex.
A measure showing the number of dependents, aged zero to 14 and over the age of 65, to the total population, aged 15 to 64.
A youthful population occurs when the median age of a country decreases, often a result of a increasing birth rate and a stable but high death rate.
An ageing/greying population has an increasing median age in the population of a region due to declining fertility rates and/or rising life expectancy.
Demographic Transition Model
A model based on historical population trends of two demographic characteristics - birth rate and death rate - to suggest that a country's total population growth rate cycles through stages as that country develops economically.
A general term that refers to the movements of refugees and internally displaced people (those displaced by conflicts) as well as people displaced by natural or environmental disasters, chemical or nuclear disasters, famine, or development projects.
A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster.
Internally displaced person
Someone who is forced to flee his or her home but who remains within his or her country's borders.
A person who has left their home country as a political refugee and is seeking asylum in another.
The ratio of males to females in a population.
The procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population.
When a population cannot be maintained given the rapid depletion of non-renewable resources or given the degradation of the capacity of the environment to give support to the population.
Having a population lower than is normal or desirable.
A population that is sufficiently large to provide an adequate workforce with minimal unemployment.
Measures explicitly or implicitly taken by the authorities aimed at influencing population size, growth, distribution, or composition.
Governmental policies aimed at increasing the fertility and therefore the population of a country. Can be used to off-set an ageing population.
Governmental policies aimed at decreasing the fertility and therefore the population of a country. Can be used to off-set rapid population growth and shortage of resources.
Gender equality policy
Governmental policies aimed at promoting or ensuring equality between all genders.
Governmental policies aimed at stopping the trafficking of humans.
The accelerated economic growth that may result from a decline in a country's mortality and fertility and the subsequent change in the age structure of the population.
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