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ESSENTIAL ENGLISH IDIOMS 1-8
Terms in this set (96)
get in/get on
to enter or to board a vehicle. First used for cars, second used for all other forms of transportation.
get out of/get off
to leave or to descend from a vehicle. Used for cars, to get of is used for all other forms of transportation.
to place on oneself (usually said of clothes) (S)
to remove (usually said of clothes) (S)
call up (also: to give someone a call)
to telephone (S)
right away (also: at once)
very soon; immediately
to cause to stop functioning (S) Used for things that flow, such as electricity, water, gas, etc.
to lift from the floor, table, etc., with one's fingers (S)
sooner or later
eventually, after a period of time
to arise, to rise from a bed
in the beginning, originally
turn on (also: to switch on)
to start or cause to function (S)
acceptable, fine; yes, okay. This idiom can also be spelled alright in informal usage.
finally, after a long time
as is the general case, as is typical
get information about, to determine (S) Separable only when a pronoun is used
give one's attention to; to watch
to try to find, to search for
to wear formal clothes, to dress very nicely
all the time, from the beginning (without change)
little by little (also: step by step)
tire out (also: to wear out)
to make very weary due to difficult conditions or hard effort (S)
to ask for a response from; to visit (also: to drop in on)
don't be concerned about it; ignore what was just said
to choose, to select (S)
take one's (my, his, your, etc.) time
to do without rush, not to hurry. Often used in the imperative form.
to discuss or consider a situation with others (S)
to lie d own
to place oneself in a flat position, to recline
stand up (also: to get up)
to rise from a sitting/lying position
sit down (also: to take a seat)
to be seated
alone, without assistance
all (day, week, month, year) long
the entire day, week, month, year
for a reason, deliberately. Usually used when someone does something wrong or unfair.
get along with someone (something)
to associate or work well with; to succeed or manage in doing (also: to get on with someone or something)
make a difference (to someone)
to be of importance (to), to affect. Often used with adjectives to show the degree of importance.
to remove, to extract (S); to go on a date with (S) (also: to go out with )
take part in (also: to be in on)
to be involved in, to participate in
at all (also: in the least )
to any degree . Used with the negative to add emphasis to a statement.
to locate information in a directory, dictionary, book, etc. (S)
wait on someone
to serve in a store or restaurant
a minimum of, no fewer (or less) than
until now, until the present time (also: up to now, as of yet ) Usually used with the present perfect tense.
take a walk (stroll, hike, etc.)
to go for a walk, stroll, hike, etc
take a trip (to)
to go on a journey, to travel
to wear clothes to check the style or fit before buying (S)
to consider carefully before deciding (S)
to occur, to happen according to plan
to remove from sight, to put in the proper place (S)
to be careful or cautious (also: to watch out ) Both of these idioms can occur with the preposition for.
to exchange greetings by clasping hands
to return (S)
catch a cold
to become sick with a cold of the nose or throat
to recover from an illness; to accept a loss or sorrow
make up one's (my, his, your, etc.) mind
to reach a decision, to decide finally
change one's (my, his, your, etc.) mind
to alter one's decision or opinion
for the time being (also: for now)
to cancel (S)
to postpone (S)
in a hurry (also: in a rush)
under the weather
not feeling well, sick
to place clothes on a hook or hanger (S), to replace the receiver on the phone at the end of a conversation (S)
count on (also: to depend on)
trust someone in time of need
make friends (with)
to become friendly with others
out of order
not in working condition
to be able to do something special; to arrive at a place, such as home, work, etc. For the second definition, do not use the preposition to with the words home or there.
few and far between
not frequent, unusual, rare
to examine, to inspect closely (also: to go over, to read over, to check over ) (S)
have (time) off
to have free time, not to have to work (also: to take time off (S))
go on (also: to keep on)
to happen; to resume, to continue
to extinguish, to cause to stop functioning (S)
all of a sudden (also: all at once)
suddenly, without warning
to show, to indicate, to bring to one's attention (S)
to expire, to be finished. This idiom is used only with the word time as the subject.
be over (also: to be through)
to be finished, to end. Used for activities and events.
exactly at the correct time, punctually
in time to (do something)
before the time necessary to do something
get better (worse etc.)
to become better, worse, etc.
to solve, to find a solution (S); to understand (S)
get sick (well, tired, busy, wet, etc.)
to become sick, well, tired, busy, wet, etc. This idiom consists of a combination of get and various adjectives.
had better (do something)
should, ought to, be advisable to This idiom is most often used in contracted form (I'd better).
would rather (do something)
call it a day/night
to stop working for the rest of the day/ night
to have a (good or bad) opinion of. Often used in the negative or with adjectives such as much and highly.
be about to do something
to be at the moment of doing something, to be ready. Often used with just.
to move or face in the opposite direction (S); to completely change the condition of (S)
take turns (doing something)
to alternate, to change people while doing something
pay attention (to)
to look at and listen to someone while they are speaking, to concentrate
brush up on something
to review something in order to refresh one's memory
over and over (again) (also: time after time, time and again)
to use something until it has no value or worth anymore, to make useless through wear (S)
to discard, to dispose of (S)
fall in love
to begin to love. This idiom is used with the expression at first sight to indicate a sudden interest in love.
go out (also: to step out)
to stop functioning; to stop burning; to leave home or work
out of the question
impossible, not feasible
have to do with
to have some connection with or relationship to
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