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Terms in this set (35)
The repetition in successive words of the same initial consonant sound or of any vowel sound
A reference to a generally familiar person, place or thing, whether real or legendary
A comparison of two things, often a dissimilar nature yet alike in certain aspects, in order to suggest
that what is true of one applies to the other
The repetition of a word, or group of words, at the beginning of successive clauses, sentences or lines
A short, interesting or amusing story about a particular person or event told to make a point. Forms a
more human connection (pathos) between audience and speaker.
Repetition of words in reverse order
Establishes a clear, contrasting relationship between two ideas by joining them together or
juxtaposing them, often in parallel structure
The repetition of internal vowel sounds in closely following words.
Omission of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words. It creates an emotional
feeling of "building up" and that there is more to follow.
Closing by return
The practise of ending a long paragraph or one section of an essay by returning to an image,
an idea, or a statement that occurs in the beginning
Language which occurs more often in speech than in writing
Not the thing or idea the word stands for (denotation), but the attitudes, feelings and
emotions aroused by the word
Replacing a harsh word with a more pleasant one
Describes language that moves, for meaning or effect, beyond standard or literal
The continuity, or coherence, among the sentences of a paragraph
Serve to separate and to introduce the several divisions of a subject or thought
A picture made with words although images may also appeal to touch, hearing, and taste
Saying the opposite of what is meant
Placement of two things closely together to emphasize comparisons or contrasts
An implied comparison between two things seemingly quite different
Using a single feature to present the whole (often not distinguished from synecdoche)
Paradoxical juxtaposition of words that seem to contradict one another
Parallel sentence structures use the same part of speech or grammatical structure to convey
equal or relate ideas.
Sentence whose main clause is withheld until the end
A figure of speech whereby ideas, animals, or things are given human attributes
Is the use of a conjunction between each word, phrase, or clause, and is thus structurally the
opposite of asyndeton
A question asked for dramatic effect
An ironic, sarcastic, or witty composition that claims to argue for something, but actually
argues against it
Is a comparison between two different things that resemble each other in at least one way.
In formal prose the simile is a device both of art and explanation, comparing an unfamiliar
thing to some familiar thing (an object, event, process, etc.) known to the reader. It generally
uses "like" or "as"
A person, place or thing that exists both in its own right as something real and tangible and
also as something greater than itself- an attitude, a belief, a quality, a value
A form of metaphor which in mention a part signifies the whole, or the whole symbolizes the
part (often not distinguished from metonymy)
To play down or soften something that is starting, horrifying, shocking, painful, or otherwise
deserving of more emotion and attention than the writer gives it
The speaker's attitude toward the subject or audience
Includes several similar rhetorical devices, all involving a grammatically correct linkage (or yoking
together) of two or more parts of speech by another part of speech. The main benefit of the linking is
that it shows relationships between ideas and actions more clearly.
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