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Music 2BB3 Final Exam
Terms in this set (43)
3rds and 6ths as consonances
very prevelantly and prominently used in music
One thing that changes in the 16th century?
The mass, motets, and secular polyphony that were used in the Ars Nova period are continued to be used in the Renaissance the main categories for the entire renaissance period
one thing that stays the same in 16th century music
what we would call Belgium and Holland now
Controlled by the Duke of Burgandy
In the Burgundian regions
composers in this area sometimes were called Franco-flemish, Netherlandish, northern, burgundian composers.
Low Countries are
which composers are the ones responsible and made the panconsonance style and use of3rds and 6ths popular and a dependence style?
2 Representative composers from the 15th century are
Name a 15th century composition that incorporates new, and existing elements from the 14th century
panconsonance style, and short dissonances on the weaker beats or shorter and quick notes
.Rondeau, ballade, and virelai continue to be written by franco flemish composers in the 15th century but now they have.....
People in the Renaissance have a pure idea of what beauty is consonant sound beauty instead of tense depiction of real emotion like in Baroque period
People in the renaissance have what idea about music?
New technique in mass polyphony in the 15th century is?
cantus firmus is something that appears in all the tunes they perform. they'll take an antifon and other office piece, combine secular and sacred and the cantus firmus is the recognizeable tune throughout all the pieces
what does cantus firmus do?
instead of regular individual pieces, movements are combined together to one big show
another new thing they do in mass polyphony?
example of early generation representative composer
later generation representative composer
A church Council established a meeting in Trent, Italy to consider how to respond to the Reformation
The combination of secular and sacred music was criticized
what was the council of trent?
giovanni pierluigi da palestrina
The leading Italian composer of Church music in the 16th Century
good sacred music composition, cultivated by sacred composers
Palestrina's music was studied for centuries, even in the 17th and 18th Century as the example of
pope marcellus mass
Story / legend of Palestrina: he saved polyphony by composing this Pope Marcellus Mass that did not obscure the words. The mass shows the greater sensitivity to the words and was being more intelligible to the listener than ever before. How might this tid bit be relevant to a larger point?....This story helped to reinforce the idea that Palestrinas music is an example of great Church music in its expression.
Published in Palestrina's Second book of Masses in 1567
people started looking back on greek culture
The idea of the connection/relationship between words and music in vocal music should be complimentary and work together is important to Renaissance theorists.
what was humanism in the 16th century?
doesn't harken over to the past: no chant line on the bottom,
-equal rhythmic style,
polytextual, (some motets are not polytextual- 2 or more texts set simultaneously in a composition),
-more stepwise motion, (Dunstable example is similar to the 15th Century motet)
- Equal voice style, all same text in all parts,
-occasional use of imitation( feature of 15th Century....later on it will be pervasive) sacred texts, but no chant line and not from the mass ordinary
new type of motet in enlgish composition in the early 15th century
acceptance of 3rds and 6ths as consonances REALLY BIG THING NOW AND LATER ON sound will dominate music in the 15th and 16th Centuries
what is the New approach to consonance and main changes in renaissance period?
you would call this a cantilena because it has the newer features of the motet in the 15th Century
you would call this a motet if it had the older features of the motet in the 14th Century(Phillipe De Vitry)
difference between cantelina and motet
formes fixes are abandoned
turn of the 16th century what is abandoned?
At the end of the 15th Century composers used the paraphrase mass
All or most of the parts in all of the movements are based on a pre-existing chant pre existing monophonic sourcethere is imitation hemiola text accentuation
Example Missa Pange lingua: Kyrie and part of Credo
what is Paraphrase mass
At the end of the 15th Century ?
a mass based on a polyphonic work
Composer imitates another work in his composition Each movement is based on a pre existing polyphonic work
what is Imitation Mass?
what were the 95 Theses?
written by martin luther
posted nailed a list of arguments to the door of a Church about the way that the church was run and wanted to debate these
begginning of reformation
after martin luther posted the 95 theses he was excommunicated/kicked out
what was the result of the martin luther posting the 95 theses?
Views on church music
there was a trend in music in the reformation where they moved away from elaborate music but Luther did not
martin luthers view on church music was what?
Latin, version of the mass that is also in German
what is Formulae Misse ?
Martin luther compiled 2 settings of text what are they called?
Compiled his own versions of the liturgy that formed the basis of practice
what is Deutsche Messe?
who was jean calvin
another leader of protestantism
He was a French priest
felt there were a lot of problems with the Roman Catholic Church
left the Church and established his own Church
Calvin thought that the liturgy should be in the vernacular language and elaborate music was too distracting,
the only texts that should be sung were the ones that came from the bible
music of the Calvinist church in the 15th Century were the psalms
what did jean calvin do?
the metrical psalms
translations of the psalms that put them into a regular, strophic, form (poetic) with a regular rhyme pattern and a regular pattern for accentuation...(so you can have a melody that you sing for all of these strophes within them.) Makes it easier for ppl to learn them
be distracted by the music or entertainment of music in church
what didnt calvin want people to do in church?
name the three type of tetrachords often discussed in ancient greek treatises on music
the earliest music notation symbols from the middle ages are usually referred to as?
proper or ordinary: communion
proper or ordinary:agnus dei
proper or ordinary:agnus dei
proper or ordinary: gradual
proper or ordinary: kyrie
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