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Chapter 16 (Personality Disorders)

Key Concepts:

Terms in this set (37)

personality disorder currently undergoing study for possibly inclusion in a future revision of DSM-5

people would receive diagnosis if they had significant impairment in their functioning as a result of one or more very problematic traits

5 groups of problematic traits would be eligible for a diagnosis of PDTS:

(1)negative affectivity: people experience negative emotions frequently and intensely
-display 1+ of the following: emotional liability (unstable emotions), anxiousness, separation insecurity, perseveration, submissiveness, hostility, depressivity, suspiciousness, strong emotional reactions

(2) detachment: people tend to withdraw from other people and social interactions
-may exhibit any of the following: restricted emotional reactivity, depressivity, suspiciousness, withdrawal, anhedonia, intimacy avoidance

(3) antagonism: people behave in ways that put them at odds with others
-may exhibit any of the following: manipulativeness, deceitfulness, grandiosity, attention seeking, callousness, hostility

(4) disinhibition: people behave impulsively, without reflecting on potential future consequences
-may exhibit any of the following: irresponsibility, impulsivity, distractibility, risk taking, imperfection/disorganization

(5) psychoticism: people have unusual and bizarre experiences
-may exhibit any of the following: unusual beliefs and experiences, eccentricity, and cognitive and perceptual dysregulation

if a person is significantly impaired by any of the 5 groups, he or she would qualify for a diagnosis of personality disorder--trait specified

diagnostician would indicate which traits are impaired, taking special note of impairment in such areas as:
-identity
-self-direction
-empathy
-intimacy