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Terms in this set (58)
A compulsive need to experience a pleasurable drug reaction, ranging from a mild desire to an overwhelming need.
Any unwanted or potentially harmful effect resulting from drug administration.
A hypersensitivity reaction to a drug or other agent (i.e latex) , resulting from prior exposure to the agent.
Exaggerated or unusual hypersensitivity reaction to an allergen; can be life-threatening.
Gastrointestinal drug which reduces acid in the stomach
Cardiovascular drug which helps restore heart rhythm to a regular cycle
A drug which has the ability to inhibit growth of or kill microorganisms in the body.
A drug which prevents the formation of clots in blood vessels.
A drug used to prevent convulsions, such as in epilepsy
A drug used to prevent and control diarrhea
An agent given to counteract an unwanted or toxic effect of a drug.
A drug which relieves nausea and vomiting.
A drug that blocks the action of histamine in the body and helps prevent allergic symptoms.
A drug which promotes the muscle tone (contractility) of the heart
A drug which relieves constipation
Term used to describe the way drugs are organized according to set characteristics, often according to drug action (pharmacodynamics).
Factors in the patient's condition which prevent the use of a particular drug or treatment because of the likelihood of unwanted results. Factors could include things like pregnancy or interaction with other drugs the patient is taking.
An agent that reduces functional activity.
Refers to the pharmacological effects that are produced when a drug reaches a target tissue.
The event in which the usual effect of a drug is modified by other factors such as diet, environment or additional drugs. This interaction may increase or decrease the intended effect of the drug being administered.
An agent that promotes vomiting
Coating on a tablet that causes the pill to dissolve in the intestine, rather than in the stomach.
Hospital reference listing of drugs and thier appropriate clinical usage for that particular hospital.
A rare type of adverse effect produced in a particularly sensitive individual, not seen in most patients. An unusual reaction to a drug or food.
Reason why the drug may be prescribed for use, reflecting current trends.
A food or chemical substance which acts to loosen the bowels and promote evacuation of contents.
Combined chemical and physical processes that take place in the body. Involves the distribution of nutrients and results in growth, energy production, elimination of wastes and other body functions.
A potentially habit-forming drug that relieves pain and produces stupor or insensibility.
A dose in excess of that recommended for therapeutic use of a medication, sometimes resulting in toxicity.
Medications that do not require a prescription and are intended for the treatment of minor, self- limiting illnesses.
A method of drug administration other than through the gastrointestinal tract, e.g. by injection into skin, muscles, veins,
Having to do with pharmacy or drugs.
Study of how drugs achieve their effects in living organisms.
Study of drug movement in the body, including processes of absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion from the body.
The practice of compounding and dispensing medicinal preparations. Pharmacies are commonly called drug stores.
The study of drugs and their origin, nature, properties and effects on living organisms.
Continuation of an altered physiologic state resulting from prolonged use of a drug such that regular usage is now necessary to avoid withdrawal reactions that can be severe and life threatening.
Inactive substance (e.g. water or sugar) usually given under the guise of effective treatment. May have positive or negative results.
Cautious action to be taken in use of the frug for its potentiosl unwanted effects in certain situations.
A written directive, as for the compounding or dispensing and administration of drugs.
An unwanted effect which routinely results form the use of a drug, such as dairrhea from some antibiotics.
Condition of becoming resistant to the action of a drug as treatment progresses so that larger and larger doses must be given to achieve the desired effect.
Harmful effects of a drug to the degree of being poisonous.
Compendium of Pharmaceuticals and Specialties
under the tongue
within the skin
within the blood vessel, specifically veins
solid or liquid in solution bubbled through air (or gas such as oxygen), dispensed as a mist
an agent that reduces fever
an agent that reduces a fever
narrowing of a blood vessel
an agent that blocks the actions of the chemical histamine
an agent that destroys bacteria
the developed resistance of a microorganism to an antibiotic
pertaining to a disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms
a diagnostic test designed to determine what antibiotic would be most effective to treat a particular pathogen
hospital acquired (infection)
a microorganism capable of producing disease
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